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ators, however, very soon saw, after a general computation, that if the proposition should be accepted by the States, the Government could not assume the payment of four hundred billions for the manumitted slaves, even though this might be an inadequate compensation to their owners. So the project of legally emancipating the slaves by the consent of their owners, and by offering compensation for them was abandoned. Of the Act of Confiscation, issued July 25, 1862, Mr. Lincoln wrote, July 17, 1862: It also provides that the slaves of persons confiscated under these sections shall be free. I think there is an unfortunate form of expressing, rather than a substantial objection to this. It is startling to say the Congress can free a slave without a State, and yet, were it said that the ownership of the slave had first been transferred to the nation, and that Congress had then liberated him, the difficulty would vanish, and this is the real case. The traitor against the gene
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 30: foreign Relations.—Unjust discrimination against us.—Diplomatic correspondence. (search)
Mr. Seward governed his presentation of the condition and conduct of either section of the States, was how much Her Majesty's Government would believe. Our Commissioners were, through his misrepresentation, refused interviews with her ministers, and our assured success seemed to be the only avenue to their intercourse with them. Under these circumstances, the following correspondence took place between Mr. Mason and Lord John Russell: No. 54 Devonshire Street, Portland Place, London, July 17, 1862. My Lord: In late proceedings of Parliament, and in reply to inquiries made in each House as to the intention of Her Majesty's Government to tender offices of mediation to the contending powers in North America, it was replied in substance, by Lord Palmerston and your Lordship, that Her Majesty's Government had no such intention at present, because, although this Government would be ever ready to offer such mediation whenever it might be considered that such interposition would avail
igh standing and extensive influence, including your Excellency, opposed, in the discussions before the people, the policy of the Mexican war, were they warring upon the military, and did this give the military constitutional jurisdiction to lay hands upon them? And, finally, the charge in the specifications upon which Mr. Vallandigham was tried, entitled him to a trial before the civil tribunals according to the express provisions of the late acts of Congress, approved by yourself, July seventeenth, 1862, and March third, 1863, which were manifestly designed to supersede all necessity or pretext for arbitrary military arrests. The undersigned are unable to agree with you in the opinion you have expressed, that the Constitution is different in time of insurrection or invasion from what it is in time of peace and public security. The Constitution provides for no limitation upon, or exceptions to, the guarantees of personal liberty, except as to the writ of habeas corpus. Has the Pr
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., Ball's Bluff and the arrest of General Stone. (search)
on of ten thousand men in the Army of the Potomac, was arrested in Washington, by the commander of the provost guard, and sent, in custody of a lieutenant and two policemen, to Fort Lafayette, in New York harbor. There, and at Fort Hamilton, he was kept in close and solitary confinement, his pockets being emptied and his letters examined, until the 16th of August, when, after the lapse of 189 days, he was set at liberty, under the peremptory requirements of an act of Congress, approved July 17th, 1862, forbidding the detention of any officer or soldier more than thirty days without charges. It will be observed that he was held for a fresh period of thirty days before this law was allowed to operate, and it is also worth remarking that a law as old as the Government, known as the Articles of War, the fundamental law of the army of the United States, contained substantially the same provision, the only essential difference being that the new law, in effect, lengthened the time for p
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 12: operations on the coasts of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. (search)
n. In fact, the Confederates themselves had evidently abandoned the use of the canal, for they had obstructed it farther on toward Norfolk. This occupation so widely dispersed Burnside's troops, which at no time numbered more than sixteen thousand, that he could no longer make aggressive movements. The Government had no troops to spare to re-enforce him; and matters remained comparatively quiet in his department until the middle of July, when he was hastily summoned to Fortress Monroe July 17, 1862. with all the forces he could collect; for the Army of the Potomac, on the Virginia Peninsula, under General McClellan, was then apparently in great danger. General Burnside promptly obeyed the summons, leaving General Foster in command of the department. During the four months of his campaign in that region, Burnside Operations in Burnside's Department. had exhibited those traits of character that marked him as an energetic, sagacious, and judicious commander, and led to his appoin
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
under the Constitution, and the ablest jurists disagreed in opinion, Mr. William Whiting, a lawyer in extensive practice in Boston, wrote a most lucid and conclusive treatise on the subject, entitled, The War powers of the President and the Legislative powers of Congress in relation to rebellion, treason, and slavery, which was accepted as sound and conclusive. It was principally written in the Spring of 1862, with the exception of the chapter on the operation of the Confiscation Act of July 17, 1862. This able treatise caused Mr. Whiting to be called into the service of the Government, as Solicitor to the War Department. It is proper to add that Mr. Whiting, whose sole desire in preparing the treatise and in responding to the call to Washington was to serve his country, remained there until the close of the war, steadily refusing all compensation for his services, or even the reimbursement of his expenses. His treatise and his name will ever hold a deservedly conspicuous place in
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 22: prisoners.-benevolent operations during the War.--readjustment of National affairs.--conclusion. (search)
er things, the power to remove a member of his cabinet, excepting by permission of the Senate, declaring that they should hold office for and during the term of the President by whom they may have been appointed, and for one month thereafter, subject to removal by and with the consent of the Senate. The act was passed over the veto by a vote in the Senate of 85 to 11, and in the House of 181 to 87. Another bill was passed, vetoed, and passed over the veto, repealing so much of an act of July 17, 1862, as gave the President power to grant amnesty and pardon to those who had been engaged in the Rebellion. A bill was also passed, with the same opposition from the President, for the military government of the disorganized States. Those States were divided into five military districts, and the following commanders were appointed: First District, Virginia, General J. M. Schofield; Second District, North and South Carolina, General D. E. Sickles; Third District, Georgia, Florida and, Al
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 21: capture of New Orleans.--first attack on Vicksburg by Farragut's fleet and mortar flotilla.--junction of flag-officers Farragut and Davis above Vicksburg.--ram Arkansas. (search)
obedient servant, Selim E. Woodworth, Lieutenant-Commander, United States Navy. Commander D. D. Porter, Commanding Mortar Flotilla. Engagement with the ram Arkansas, July 15, 1862. United States Flag-Ship Hartford, below Vicksburg, July 17, 1862. Sir — It is with deep mortification that I announce to the department that, notwithstanding my prediction to the contrary, the iron-clad ram Arkansas has at length made her appearance and taken us all by surprise. We had heard that she wlder. Total.-Killed, 3; wounded, 6. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. M. Foltz, Fleet Surgeon. Commander R. Wainwright, Commanding United States Steamer Hartford. United States Steamer Iroquois, below Vicksburg, July 17, 1862. Sir — At twenty minutes after six in the afternoon of the 15th, signal being made from the flag-ship to weigh and form the line ahead (the Iroquois being ordered to lead), I was immediately under way, and stood down the river toward the n
ng to the brigade testify that at no time did the brigade retreat at a run in line of battle. From which the court is of the opinion that the evidence before it fully clears Brigadier-General Wood from any imputation against him in connection with his conduct during the battle of Shiloh. The proceedings, findings, and opinion are approved. By command of General Bragg: Geo. G. Garner, Assistant Adjutant-General. General orders, no. 29. Hdqrs. Army of the Mississippi, Tupelo, July 17, 1862. Division commanders may authorize all regiments, battalions, and batteries of this army, engaged at Shiloh on the 6th and 7th of April, 1862, that did not behave discreditably on that field, to inscribe Shiloh on their standards and colors. By command of Major-General Hardee: T. B. Roy, Assistant Adjutant-General. Armament, &c., of the troops stationed in and around Grenada, Miss., June 12, 1862. Name of company, battalion, or regiment. Number and kind of arms. Number
m any persons to whom such service or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article, shall be dismissed from the service. sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and after its passage. Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled, An act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes, approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following: sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all slaves of persons who shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the government of the United States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army; and all slaves captured from such persons or deserted by them, and coming under the control of the government of the United States, and all slaves
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