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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
e, the Federal authorities proved that they were ready to sacrifice their own medical officers in an endeavour to secure the release of a felon in no way connected with their medical service. Rucker having recently escaped from jail, the surgeons on both sides have been released. 6. Papers from fifty-eight to sixty-three, inclusive, relate to persons captured upon our rivers and the high seas. By agreement made with the Federal Agent of Exchange, all such who were captured before December 10th, 1862, were declared exchanged. In spite of that agreement, some of our pilots and sea captains were kept in confinement. The correspondence will fully show the refusal of the Federal authorities to adopt any fair and reciprocal rule, as to the further exchange of such persons. 7. Papers numbered sixty-four and sixty-five, show the pretensions of the enemy as to such persons as have been tried under the laws of a sovereign State for offences against the same. 8. Papers from sixty-si
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 18: Fredericksburg. (search)
aws of Congress which required the carrying and opening of the mails on the Sabbath; thus, not only permitting, but exacting, of a class of the citizens, the profaning of the day by secular labor. He had ever been accustomed to cherish a peculiar reverence for the Sabbath Day; and hearing that the propriety of this anti-Christian legislation was discussed in Congress, he exerted every lawful influence to bring about its repeal. To his friend, Hon. Mr. Boteler, he wrote as follows:-- December 10, 1862. my dear Colonel: I have read with great interest the Congressional Report of the Committee, recommending the repeal of the law requiring the mails to be carried on the Sabbath; and I hope that you will feel it a duty, as well as a pleasure, to urge its repeal. I do not see how a nation that thus arrays itself, by such a law, against God's holy day, can expect to escape His wrath. The punishment of national sins must be confined to this world, as there are no nationalities beyond
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 10: Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg. (search)
left grand division commanders on the morning of battle. Three weeks after Burnside arrived on the Rappahannock, public pressure pushed him across it. He did not cross some miles below Fredericksburg, as first contemplated, because he said Lee had divined his intention and prepared for it, but would cross directly in his front, because General Lee was not expecting it, and attack him before re-enforced by the troops detached to prevent his crossing at the lower point. The night of December 10, 1862, was a long one for Burnside. One hundred and forty-seven rifled cannon, 20-pound Parrotts, and 4-inch siege guns were distributed along Stafford Heights by Hunt, Burnside's able chief of artillery. The pontoons were placed in position, and at three o'clock on the morning of the IIth the task of constructing four or five bridges opposite the town and two miles below began. Scarcely had the work commenced before Lee's signal gun announced the news to his sleeping troops. He had n
ye; the colours are pretty, but we have not learned the art of setting the wood colours ; but we are improving in that art too, and when the first dye fades, we can dip them again in the dye. November 30th, 1862. The Yankee army ravaging Stafford County dreadfully, but they do not cross the river. Burnside, with the greatest army on the planet, is quietly waiting and watching our little band on the opposite side. Is he afraid to venture over? His On to Richmond seems slow. December 10, 1862. Just returned from a visit of a week to my old friend Mrs. C. Her home in Richmond is the very picture of comfort and hospitality; having wealth, she uses it freely, in these troublous times, for the comfort of others. If all hearts were as large as hers, there would be no refugees in garrets and cellars. I was touched by her attention to Mr.--, whom she had always seen engaged in his duties as a minister of the Gospel. She seemed to think it a kind of sacrilege to see him emplo
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Why Burnside did not renew the attack at Fredericksburg. (search)
d giving their final orders for the movement of the following day. Besides attending to the details of moving my command on the morrow, I found time to write three letters--one to my mother, another to my wife, and a third to Charles P. Kirkland, of the city of New York. In each of these defeat was distinctly and without qualification predicted. The first letter in the order mentioned has been preserved, and from it the following quotations are given: camp, near Falmouth, Va., December 10th, 1862. Dear mother--. . . . To-morrow, if our present plans are carried out, the great battle of the war will commence. . . . I have little hope of the plans succeeding. I do not think them good,--there will be a great loss of life and nothing accomplished. I am sure we are to fight against all chances of success. There is a rumor and a hope that Banks may have landed on the James River; if so, a large part of the enemy's force will be diverted from this point, but if they have a forc
Unknown 2 On Picket, Va. 1     Present, also, at Fort Stevens, D. C.; Fisher's Hill, Va.; Mount Jackson, Va.; Sailor's Creek, Va. notes.--Organized at Brattleboro, Vt., as an infantry command, but was changed to heavy artillery December 10, 1862, while on duty in Washington. The additional companies, L. and M. made necessary by this change, were recruited in July and October, 1863. The regiment was assigned to garrison duty within the defences of Washington, occupying Forts Slore it was engaged in fighting Indians. The Sixth was organized at Grand Rapids under the second call for volunteers, and was mustered into the service of the United States, October 13, 1862. It left Grand Rapids, 1,229 strong, on the 10th of December, 1862, and proceeded to Washington where it was assigned to the Michigan Cavalry Brigade. This brigade was commanded by General Copeland, who was succeeded in June, 1863, by General Custer. The brigade was mustered out on November 24, 1865, t
y order of General Herron. headquarters Second and Third divisions, army of the frontier, Prairie Grove, Ark., December 10, 1862. fellow-soldiers: It is with pride and pleasure that I am enabled to congratulate you on the victory so recentlyn, Army of the Frontier. Major Kent's report. headquarters Nineteenth Iowa volunteers, camp Prairie Grove, December 10, 1862. To Colonel William Orme, Commanding Second Brigade, Third Division, Army of Frontier: sir: I have the honor of , etc., F. J. Herron. Missouri Democrat account. army of the frontier, in camp at Rhea's Mills, Arkansas, December 10, 1862. Editors Missouri Democrat: Ere now you will, no doubt, have received and published brief telegraphic despatchesg the day. Iowa. Chicago Tribune narrative. camp Thirty-Seventh Illinois Vols., battle-field, Prairie Grove, Dec. 10, 1862. On this beautiful morning, as I write, the sun shines out clearly and brightly, and the hum and bustle in our cam
e my report without reference to Color-Sergeant John Oldham, whose conduct and courage during the whole engagement elicited the encomiums of both officers and men. Appended is a list of the killed, wounded, and missing, all of which I respectfully submit. Your obedient servant, James W. Hewitt, Major, commanding Twenty-second Kentucky regiment. Killed8 Wounded54 Missing3   Total65 Report of Captain James T. Morehead. Ninth Kentucky regiment, camp near Murfreesboro, December 10, 1862. To Colonel Thomas H. Hunt, Commanding Infantry: Sir: At twelve o'clock, on Saturday the sixth instant, I, as senior captain, was placed, by your orders, in command of the Ninth Kentucky regiment, which had, the day before, moved to Baird's Mills, eighteen miles from Murfreesboro, and was at that time about to march against the enemy, reported to be at Hartsville, Tennessee. The weather was excessively cold, the snow having fallen the day before to some depth, and the road was ve
cattered through the seceding States, and muster, arm, and equip the thousands of young horsemen, each bringing his own horse and eager to serve the Confederacy. The trials of many of the newly recruited organizations, until the beginning of the third year of the war, are illustrated in the following extract from a typical regimental history: History of the Tenth New York cavalry. (Preston, N. Y.) Captain Vanderbilt describes in graphic terms his first experience in escort duty (December 10, 1862): Please remember that my company had been mustered into the service only about six weeks before, and had received horses less than a Volunteers at drill: a New York regiment It was New York State that furnished the first volunteer cavalry regiment to the Union--Autumn, 1861. The fleet horsemen of the Confederacy soon taught the North the need of improving that arm of the service. But it requires time to train an efficient trooper, and the Union cavalrymen were helpless at
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Meeting at the White Sulphur Springs. (search)
y the first November, 1862, he had organized a new brigade, thirty-five hundred strong, and being anxious to retake the capital of his State, had persuaded General Breckinridge, then in command, to permit him, with his own force and three thousand infantry under General Roger Hanson, to attempt it. The movement was made; but just when the attack was about to begin, and when Forrest felt confident of success, an order came to retire. His first raid into West Tennessee. On the 10th of December, 1862, Forrest was ordered to move with his new brigade of raw cavalry, armed only with shot guns and such weapons as they picked up in the country, across the Tennessee river to destroy the railroad communication between Louisville and Memphis. He called attention to the almost unarmed condition of his command; but, in reply, was ordered by General Bragg to move at once. Sending an agent forward to smuggle percussion caps out of Memphis, he started. By the 15th he had crossed the Tenne
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