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nd June, 1862, New York, Illinois, and Indiana furnished for three months15,007   Total2,772,408 Number of men who paid commutation86,724   Grand total2,859,132   Aggregate reduced to a three years standard2,320,272 actual strength of the army between Jan. 1, 1860, and May 1, 1865. Date.Regulars.Volunteers.Total. Jan. 1, 186016,435-----16,435 Jan. 1, 186116,367-----16,367 July 1, 186116,422170,329186,751 Jan. 1, 186222,425553,492575,917 March 31, 186223,308613,818637,126 Jan. 1, 186325,463892,728918,191 Jan. 1, 186424,636836,101860,737 Jan. 1, 186522,019937,441959,460 March 31, 186521,669958,417980,086 May 1, 1865  1,000,516 Disbanding of the Union armies. The soldiers of the great armies that confronted Lee and Johnston in Virginia and North Carolina, and conquered them, were marched to the vicinity of the national capital, and during two memorable days (May 22 and 23, 1865), moved through that city, with tens of thousands of moistened eyes gazing upon th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bancroft, George, (search)
nd in strict conformity with duty was engaged in carrying out principles affecting its life, its good name, and its relations to the cause of freedom and the progress of mankind. Grief must take the character of action, and breathe itself forth in the assertion of the policy to which he fell a victim. The standard which he held in his hand must be uplifted again higher and more firmly than before, and must be carried on to triumph. Above everything else, his proclamation of the first day of January, 1863, declaring, throughout the parts of the country in rebellion, the freedom of all persons who had been held as slaves, must be affirmed and maintained. Events, as they rolled onward, have removed every doubt of the legality and binding force of that proclamation. The country and the rebel government have each laid claim to the public service of the slave, and yet but one of the two can have a rightful claim to such service. That rightful claim belongs to the United States, beca
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
f man. This theory was first publicly promulgated by the first Continental Congress in the Declaration of Colonial Rights. It was reiterated in the Declaration of Independence, and was tacitly recognized as the foundation of all the State governments. Yet, to a great extent, it remained a theory only, for human slavery was fostered and defended, by which 4,000,000 of the people of the republic were absolutely deprived of their natural rights, when the proclamation of President Lincoln (Jan. 1, 1863) reduced the theory to practice, and made all men and women within the United States absolutely free. In civil affairs, colonial usages, in modified forms, were apparent. In Pennsylvania, two persons from each county were to be chosen every seven years to act as a council of censors, with power to investigate all branches of the Constitution. The constitution of New York established a council of revision, composed of the governor, chancellor, and judges of the Supreme Court, to which w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
.Sept. 19-20, 1862 Preliminary proclamation of President Lincoln announcing that in territory still in rebellion on Jan. 1, 1863, the slaves will be declared forever free......Sept. 22, 1862 Convention of governors from fourteen loyal States, wStone River......Dec. 31, 1862–Jan. 2, 1863 President Lincoln proclaims all slaves free in the seceding States......Jan. 1, 1863 Absent from duty in the army, 8,987 officers and 280,073 enlisted men......Jan. 1, 1863 Galveston, Tex., captureJan. 1, 1863 Galveston, Tex., captured by the Confederates......Jan. 1, 1863 Gold at New York 133 1/4 to 133 7/8......Jan. 2, 1863 M. Drouyn de l'huys, French minister of foreign affairs, addresses M. Mercier, French minister at Washington, concerning mediation between the UniteJan. 1, 1863 Gold at New York 133 1/4 to 133 7/8......Jan. 2, 1863 M. Drouyn de l'huys, French minister of foreign affairs, addresses M. Mercier, French minister at Washington, concerning mediation between the United States government and Confederate......Jan. 9, 1863 Arkansas post captured by the United States forces under W. T. Sherman and McClernand, with a fleet of gun-boats under Admiral Porter......Jan. 11, 1863 General Burnside resumes active opera
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alabama (search)
y ................. January, 1861 Provisional Congress of delegates from six seceded States meet at Montgomery ... Feb. 4, 1861 Adopt a provisional constitution ... Feb. 8, 1861 Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederacy at Montgomery ... Feb. 18, 1861 Seat of Confederate government removed from Montgomery to Richmond, Va ................... ....... July, 1861 There were liberated by the emancipation proclamation 435,132 slaves in Alabama ..................... Jan. 1, 1863 Confederate fleet defeated in Mobile Bay by Admiral Farragut ...... Aug. 5, 1864 [State furnishes to the Confederate service sixty-five regiments of infantry, twelve regiments of cavalry, and twenty-two batteries of artillery. Brewer's History of Alabama.] Mobile evacuated by Confederate forces ... April 12, 1865 State convention meets and annuls ordinance of secession ...... Sept. 25, 1865 New constitution adopted..Nov. 5: 1865 [This constitution was not ratified until
1861 Col. Earl Van Dorn captures 450 United States troops at Saluria......April 25, 1861 Governor Clark proclaims it treasonable to pay debts to citizens of States at war with the Confederate States......June 18, 1861 Galveston surrendered to Commodore Renshaw......Oct. 8, 1862 Gen. N. J. T. Dana occupies Brazos, Santiago, and Brownsville with 6,000 soldiers from New Orleans......November, 1862 Confederates under Gen. J. B. Magruder defeat Renshaw and capture Galveston......Jan. 1, 1863 Confederate privateer Alabama destroys the Hatteras in an engagement off Galveston......Jan. 11, 1863 Samuel Houston, born in Virginia, dies at Huntersville, aged seventy......July 25, 1863 Battle of Aransas Pass; General Ransom captures the Confederate works......Nov. 18, 1863 Battle of Fort Esperanza, Matagorda Bay; Gen. C. C. Washburn defeats the Confederates......Nov. 30, 1863 Last fight of the war; Federals under Colonel Barret defeated in western Texas by Confederate