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d have also passed the House, had it remained another day in session. The following is an abstract of the laws which bear upon our subject, passed in this session:β€” First. An act to provide a sinking fund. The Treasurer is to report, on Jan. 1, 1863, the amount of all scrip, or certificates of debt, of the United States, which shall have been received by this Commonwealth from the United States, under provisions of acts of the Legislature, and the actual marketprice of the same at the date of such report; and the same shall be pledged and held as part of the sinking fund hereby created, the same to be applied for the redemption of the debt. It also provides, that there shall be raised, by tax, twice in each year, commencing Jan. 1, 1863, a sum equal to one-tenth part of the difference found by the report of the Treasurer, as above provided, to exist between the amount of scrip, or certificates of debt, issued under said acts, and the actual market-value of the scrip or certifi
enant-Colonel C. C. Holmes, was mustered into the service to take the place of the Fort Warren Battalion, which was ordered to the front on that day. The Cadets remained on duty until July 1. The Second Company of Cadets, of Salem, commanded by Captain John L. Marks, was mustered in May 26, for garrison duty in the forts at Boston Harbor, and was mustered out Oct. 11. The company raised by Captain E. H. Staten, of Salem, was also mustered in for garrison duty, and remained on duty until Jan. 1, 1863. In addition to these new organizations, which were mustered into the service in the first six months of 1862, upwards of three thousand volunteers were recruited, and sent forward to fill the ranks of the Massachusetts regiments in the field. It was the policy of Governor Andrew to keep the regiments in the service full, rather than to organize new regiments while the old regiments were wanting men. In pursuance of this policy, seven thousand men were enlisted during the year 1862, a
hope that opportunities would occur to have them distributed within the enemy's lines; a thousand copies he also forwarded to General Rufus Saxton, commanding the Union forces in South Carolina. The proclamation was to take effect on the 1st of January, 1863. On the 2d, General Order No. 1 was issued by the Governor, which had reference to the proclamation; the opening paragraph of which was in these words:β€” With the new year, America commences a new era of national life, in which we ine of the other States, and which shall be to them a model, I learn with pleasure that the views I had the honor to express in my late address to the Legislature are confirmed by your respected judgment and extensive experience. On the 1st of January, 1863, our regiments and batteries in the Army of the Potomac were, after a year's hard fighting in winter quarters, divided only by the Rappahannock from the rebel forces. Major-General Joseph Hooker had succeeded Generals McClellan and Burnsi
of the Potomac. It joined the First Corps, and remained, momentarily expecting offensive or defensive movements, until the day that the Army of the Potomac crossed the river at Berlin, when orders unexpectedly came to proceed to Massachusetts, there to be mustered out. It reached Springfield on the 21st of July, when it was mustered out of service by Captain Gardner. The Forty-seventh Regiment was in the Department of the Gulf. It arrived at New Orleans, and reported to General Banks Jan. 1, 1863; was then referred to General Auger, who gave orders to proceed to Carrollton, and report to General Sherman. The regiment was ordered, Jan. 11, to the United-States barracks, to relieve the Thirtieth Massachusetts; and the colonel was put in command of the post. Feb. 4.β€”It was ordered to the Louisiana Cotton Press, and one company detached for provost duty at Thibodeux. Lieutenant-Colonel Stickney, who had distinguished himself in two engagements at Thibodeux, and Major Cushman,