Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for March 3rd, 1863 AD or search for March 3rd, 1863 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Academy of Sciences, National, (search)
Academy of Sciences, National, An institution incorporated by act of Congress March 3, 1863; comprising active and honorary members and foreign associates. Under the act of incorporation it is the duty of the academy to investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art submitted to it by any department of the national government, the expense of such investigations being paid from appropriations for the purpose.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ammen, Daniel, 1820-1898 (search)
Ammen, Daniel, 1820-1898 Naval officer; born in Brown county, O., May 15, 1820; entered the navy as a midshipman in 1836. In 1861-62 he commanded the gunboat Seneca in the South Atlantic blockading fleet. His bravery was conspicuous in the battle of Port Royal, Nov. 7, 1861. Later, under Dupont's command, he took part in all the operations on the coasts of Georgia and. Florida. In the engagements with Fort McAllister, March 3, 1863, and with Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863, he commanded the monitor Patapsco. In the attacks on Fort Fisher, in December, 1864, and January, 1865, he commanded the Mohican. He was promoted to rear-admiral in 1877, and was retired June 4, 1878. Afterwards he was a member of the board to locate the new Naval Observatory, and a representative of the United States at the Interoceanic Ship Canal Congress in Paris. He designed a cask balsa to facilitate the landing of troops and field artillery; a life-raft for steamers; and the steel ram Katahdin. His p
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Debtors. (search)
ented: Union Pacific, $12,000; Kansas Pacific, $1,000; total13,000.00 Debt bearing no interest. Dollars. United States notes.Feb. 25, 1862; July 11, 1862; Mar. 3, 1863.346,681,016.00 Old demand notes.July 17, 1861; Feb. 12, 1862.53,847.50 National-bank notes: Redemption account.July 14, 1890.28,703,554.50 Fractional currency.July 17, 1862; March 3, 1863; June 30, 1864, less $8,375,934, estimated as lost or destroyed, act of June 21, 1879.6,877,462.41 ———— Aggregate of debt bearing no interest.382,315,880.41 Certificates and notes issued on deposits of coin and legal-tender notes and purchases of silver bullion. Classification.In treasury.In circulation.Amount issued. Dollars.Dollars.Dollars. Gold certificates.Mar. 3, 1863; July 12, 1882; Mar. 14, 1900.28,418,890.00248,286,099.00276,704,989.00 Silver certificates.Feb. 28, 1878; Aug. 4, 1886; Mar. 3, 1887; Mar. 14, 1900.4,634,680.00427,206,390.00431,841,000.00 Treasury notes of 1890.July 14, 1890.152,768.0053,728,2
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Habeas corpus, (search)
confined in Fort McHenry [On the general's refusal to obey the writ Taney attempts to arrest him, but fails.]May 25, 1861 Theophilus Parsons supports President's power to suspendJune 5, 1861 Attorney-General Bates asserts the President's power to declare martial law and suspend the writ of habeas corpusJuly 5, 1861 One hundred and seventy-four persons committed to Fort Lafayette,July to Oct., 1861 Suspension of the writ made generalSept. 24, 1862 Congress by act upholds this powerMarch 3, 1863 Vallandigham arrestedMay 4 1863 President suspends by proclamationSept. 15, 1863 All persons held under suspension of the writ dischargedMay, 1864 Suspends in KentuckyJuly 5, 1864 President Johnson restores the writ of habeas corpus except in the late insurrectionary States, District of Columbia, New Mexico, and Arizona, by proclamationDec. 11, 1865 In all States and Territories except TexasApril 2, 1866 Throughout the United StatesAug. 20, 1866 Thirty-eight thousand arrests were
Idaho, The thirtieth State admitted to the American Union, was first explored by the whites of the Lewis and Clark expedition. Within its present limit the Coeur d'alene mission was established in 1842. The region was visited almost exclusively by hunters and trappers till 1852, when gold was discovered on its present northern boundary. By act of Congress of March 3, 1863, the Territory of Idaho was created from a portion of Oregon Territory, with an area which included the whole of the present State of State seal of Idaho. Montana and nearly all of that of Wyoming. In 1864 the Territory lost a part of its area to form the Territory of Montana, and in 1868 another large portion was cut from it to form the Territory of Wyoming. On July 3, 1890, the Territory was admitted into the Union as a State, having then a gross area of 84,800 square miles. Between the dates of its creation as a Territory and a State it became widely noted as a most promising field for gold and sil
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Inflation legislation. (search)
July 17, 1862, an act authorized the issue of notes of the fractional part of one dollar, receivable in payment of all dues, except customs, less than five dollars, and exchangeable for United States notes in sums not less than five dollars. The amount of this issue was not specified. On Jan. 17, 1863, a resolution authorized the issue of $100,000,000 in United States notes for the immediate payment of the army and navy. The amount of this issue was subsequently included in the act of March 3, 1863, which authorized an issue of legal-tender United States notes, in all respects similar to those already issued, to the amount of $150,000,000, and also an amount, not to exceed $400,000,000, of treasury notes, payable at any time within three years, bearing interest not to exceed 6 per cent., and issued in denominations of not less than ten dollars, which should be legal tender for their face value, the same as the United States notes. Under the authority of this latter clause, there
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ku-klux Klan, (search)
shall be so under the sway thereof, such limits to be prescribed by proclamation, it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, when in his judgment the public safety shall require it, to suspend the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus, to the end that such rebellion may be overthrown: Provided, that all the provisions of the second section of an act entitled An act relating to Habeas corpus and regulating judicial proceedings in certain cases, approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, which relate to the discharge of prisoners other than prisoners of war, and to the penalty for refusing to obey the order of the court, shall be in full force so far as the same are applicable to the provisions of this section: Provided further, that the President shall first have made proclamation, as now provided by law, commanding such insurgents to disperse. And provided also, that the provisions of this section shall not be in force after the end of the next regula
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
re of yellow-fever patients from Jamaica to New York on the U. S. S. SusquehannaGold. Dec. 21, 1861 July 16, 1862Naval, to be bestowed upon petty officers, seamen, and marines distinguished for gallantry in action, etc.; 200 issued July 12, 1861Army, to non-commissioned officers and privates for gallantry in action, etc.; 2,000 issuedAt Gettysburg. July 1, 1863, the 27th Maine volunteered to remain for the battle, although its term had expired. All its members received medalsBronze. March 3, 1863 Dec. 17, 1863Maj.-Gen. Ulysses S. GrantVictories of Fort Donelson, Vicksburg, ChattanoogaGold. Jan. 28, 1864Cornelius VanderbiltGift of ship VanderbiltGold. July 26, 1866Capts. Creighton, Low, and StoufflerRescuing 500 passengers from the S. S. San Francisco. July 26, 1853. Creighton of the Three Bells, Glasgow; Low, of the bark Kelly, of Boston; and Stouffler, of the ship Antarctic, LiverpoolGold. Medals awarded by the Congress of the United States—Continued. Date of Resolution
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Myer, Albert James 1827- (search)
in 1847; became a physician, and in 1854 was appointed assistant surgeon in the United States army. From 1858 to 1860 he was on special duty in the signal service, and in the latter year he was appointed chief signal-officer, with the rank of major. In June, 1861, he was made chief signalofficer on General Butler's staff, and afterwards on that of General McClellan, and was very active during the whole peninsular campaign. Colonel Myer took charge of the signal bureau in Washington, March 3, 1863, and for service at various points, and especially in giving timely signals that saved the fort and garrison at Allatoona, Ga., he was brevetted through all the grades from lieutenant-colonel to brigadier-general. In 1866 he was appointed colonel and signal-officer of the United States army, and introduced a course of signal studies at West Point and Annapolis. He was the author of the weather-signal system, and its chief till his death, in Buffalo, N. Y., Aug. 24, 1880. In 1873 he w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), National Academy of Science, (search)
National Academy of Science, A scientific organization incorporated by act of Congress, March 3, 1863; first meeting April 22, 1863, Alexander D. Bach first president; duties consist in the investigation, examination, experimenting, and reporting on any subject of science and art. The actual cost of investigation, etc., is paid for by the United States government; no other compensation is received. At first the number of members was limited to fifty—since 1870 to 100; a limited number of foreign members are admitte
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