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. to the House a bill contemplating an absolute repeal, not only of the act of 1850, but also of the Fugitive Slave act of 1793. Messrs. Ashley, of Ohio, and Julian, of Ind., introduced bills of like tenor. Mr. Julian further proposed that the Judiciary Committee be instructed to report a bill to repeal the most obnoxious provisions of the acts in question; but this was, on motion of Mr. Holman, of Ind., laid on the table: Yeas 82; Nays 73. In the Senate, Mr. Sumner next introduced Feb. 8, 1864. a bill sweeping away all slave-catching by statute; which was referred to a Select Committee of seven, whereof he was Chairman, which had been raised to consider all propositions affecting Slavery. He soon reported Feb. 29.his bill, with ample reasons for its passage--Mr. Buckalew, of Pa., making a minority report in opposition. Mr. Sumner persistently and successfully pressed the consideration of his bill, offering not to debate it; and, after some discussion, the Senate adopted
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Memorandum for Colonel Browne, Aide-de-camp. (search)
Memorandum for Colonel Browne, Aide-de-camp. Dalton, February 8, 1864. The effective total of the army (infantry and artillery), thirty-six thousand one hundred and eleven. At the end of December it was thirty-six thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, which, during the month, was reduced by the transfer of Quarles's and Baldwin's brigades (twenty-seven hundred). The present brigades of the army, therefore, were increased by nineteen hundred and eighty-five effectives during January. We have a few unarmed men in each brigade. About half are without bayonets. Many barefooted --the number of the latter increasing rapidly. Thirteen thousand three hundred pairs of shoes are now wanted for infantry and artillery. The artillery is not efficient, is unorganized, and there are not means of ascertaining if it has officers fit for colonels and lieutenant-colonels. Both these grades should be filled. I am endeavoring to improve the organization. About four hundred artillery
n the dignity of the government, and give a promise to afford protection to its citizens. I have the honor to be, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Benj. F. Butler, Major-General Commanding. [Inclosure no 1.] headquarters Armiy and district of North Carolina, New Berne, N. C, Feb. 11, 1864. Major-General Pickett, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Confederate Army, Petersburg: General:--I have the honor to enclose a slip cut from the Richmond Examiner of Feb. 8, 1864. It is styled The advance on New Berne, and appears to have been extracted from the Petersburg Register, a paper published in the city where your headquarters are located. Your attention is particularly invited to that paragraph which states that Colonel Shaw was shot dead by a negro soldier from the other side of the river which he was spanning with a pontoon bridge, and that the negro was watched and followed, taken, and hanged after the action at Thomasville. The Petersburg Regi
Doc. 73.-labor in Louisiana. General Banks's orders. Hbadquarters Department of the Gulf, New-Orleans, February 8, 1864. General orders, No. 23: the following general regulations are published for the information and government of all interested in the subject of compensated plantation labor, public or private, during the present year, and in continuation of the system established January thirtieth, 1863: I. The enlistment of soldiers from plantations under cultivation in this department, having been suspended by order of the Government, will not be resumed except upon direction of the same high authority. II. The Provost-Marshal General is instructed to provide for the division of parishes into police and school districts, and to organize from invalid soldiers a competent police for the preservation of order. III. Provision will be made for the establishment of a sufficient number of schools, one at least for each of the police and school districts, for the
Doc. 89.-retaliation in North-Carolina. The following correspondence passed between Generals Peck and Pickett: Headquarters of the army, and District of North-Carolina, Newbern, Northcarolina, Feb. 11, 1864. Major-General Pickett, Department of Virginia and North-Carolina, Confederate Army, Petersburgh: General: I have the honor to inclose a slip cut from the Richmond Examiner, February eighth, 1864. It is styled The advance on Newbern, and appears to have been extracted from the Petersburgh Register, a paper published in the city where your headquarters are located. Your attention is particularly invited to that paragraph which states that Colonel Shaw was shot dead by a negro soldier from the other side of the river, which he was spanning with a pontoon-bridge, and that the negro was watched and followed, taken, and hanged after the action at Thomuasville. The advance on. Newbern.--The Petersburgh Register gives the following additional facts of the advance on
Doc. 104.-crossing of the Rapidan. Heaquarters army of the Potomac, Monday, February 8, 1864. The heavy reconnaissance sent out to the Rapidan on Friday evening and Saturday morning last, returned to camp last night, having, it is asserted, accomplished the object of its mission — the exact position and probable strength of the army of North-Virginia. Had the weather been more propitious, the operations of the reconnoitring party would undoubtedly have been more extended. But, as red by two hundred, but a small proportion being among the killed. Nearly one hundred rebel prisoners were sent to headquarters this morning. General Owen's official report. headquarters Third brigade, Third division, Second corps, February 8, 1864. I have the honor to report that on Saturday, the sixth instant, at seven o'clock, I marched my command in the direction of Morton's Ford, in accordance with orders received about three hours previous to that time. I arrived at the headq
e, in such terms as he might deem best calculated to give effect thereto. On the eighteenth, the Senate, on motion of Mr. Wilson, proceeded to the consideration of the resolution, and it was unanimously adopted. The House of Representatives, on the twenty-sixth, passed it unanimously, and it was approved by the President on the twenty-eighth of January, 1864. No. Lviii.--Joint Resolution tendering the Thanks of Congress to Major-General W. T. Sherman. In the House, on the eighth of February, 1864, Mr. Cobb, of Wisconsin, introduced a joint resolution expressive of the thanks of Congress to Major-General W. T. Sherman. The resolution declared that the thanks of Congress and of the people of the United States were due, and that the same be tendered, to Major-General W. T. Sherman, commander of the department and army of the Tennessee, and the officers and soldiers who served under him, for their gallant and arduous services in marching to the relief of the army of the Cumberl
the South over this raid into the interior of the Confederacy, which was one of the earliest made, and also much indignation over the capture of Negroes for enlistment. The command was charged by the Confederates with many atrocities. The men were soon exchanged, but the officers were kept in prison at Richmond. Colonel Streight and four of his officers escaped from Libby Prison with 105 other Union officers by means of a tunnel dug by Colonel Thomas E. Rose and a few associates, on February 8, 1864. that they scattered, and the entire detail of prisoners escaped. On several occasions, when smallpox was prevalent, prisoners thrust red-hot needles into their faces and hands. The result was a fair imitation of smallpox, and they were transferred to the hospital, outside the main stockade, from which they had little difficulty in escaping. One morning a ladder was found leaning against the fence. How it got there was never known, nor was it easy to find in the confusion how man
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Operations against Newbern in 1864. (search)
hat side of the river. The present operation I was afraid of from the first, as there were too many contingencies. I should have wished more concentration, but still hope the effect produced by the expedition may prove beneficial. I am, General, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, (Signed) G. E. Pickett, Major-General Commanding. To General S. Cooper, A. I. General, Richmond, Va. Report of General Hoke. head quarters Hoke's brigade, Kinston, North Carolina, February 8th, 1864. Major,--In obedience to orders, I reported to Major-General Pickett, with letters to him from the Commanding-General, on Friday, 22d of January, at Petersburg, and there awaited the arrival of my command, which was immediately forwarded to Garysburg, near Weldon. I expected to find General Corse's at Petersburg, but learned it could not reach there before Wednesday, 27th January, which delayed our movements from this point until Friday, the 29th. In the meantime the artillery was
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter VII (search)
Chapter VII Condition of the troops at Knoxville effect of the promotion of Grant and Sherman letter to Senator Henderson a visit from General Sherman United with his other armies for the Atlanta campaign comments on Sherman's memoirs faulty organization of Sherman's army McPherson's task at Resaca McPherson's character example of the working of a faulty system. I arrived at Knoxville, Tennessee, on February 8, 1864, and the next day relieved General John G. Foster. The troops then about Knoxville were the Ninth Corps, two divisions of the Twenty-third, and about one thousand cavalry and two divisions of the Fourth Corps; the latter belonged to the Department of the Cumberland, but had been left with General Burnside after the siege of Knoxville was raised by General Sherman. The Ninth and Twenty-third Corps were reduced in effective strength to mere skeletons, the former reporting present for duty equipped only 2800 men, and the latter 3000 men; and these h
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