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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 8: Civil affairs in 1863.--military operations between the Mountains and the Mississippi River. (search)
urned to General Grant, whose ability as a leader appeared preeminent. There was a general willingness, when the question presented itself in action at Washington, to intrust him with almost unlimited powers as a general-in-chief. To effect this seemingly desirable object, Congress created the office of lieutenant-general, which had expired with Washington; and when the President approved the measure, he nominated General Grant for the high position. This was confirmed by the Senate, March 2, 1864. and Grant was made General-in-Chief of all the armies of the Republic. On the 14th of December, 1863, E. B. Washburne proposed in the House of Representatives the revival of the grade of lieutenant-general of our armies. Mr. Ross, of Illinois, offered an amendment, recommending General Grant for the office. In this shape the proposition was carried Feb. 1. in the House by a vote of 111 to 44, and it was concurred in by the Senate Feb. 24. by a vote of 81 to 6, after it was amende
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 10: the last invasion of Missouri.--events in East Tennessee.--preparations for the advance of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
neral Lee had a good reason for not sanctioning such a proceeding then, for his own son was a captive, and held for retaliation whenever any Union prisoner should be put to death, and the plea that prevailed against it was, It is cruelty to General Lee. The Conspirators were also ready to commit a still more diabolical act, by directing Libby Prison to be blown up with gunpowder, with its crowd of captives, in the event of the latter attempting to escape. A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, March 2, 1864. Last night, says the Diary, when it was supposed probable that the prisoners of war at the Libby might attempt to break out, General Winder ordered that a large amount of powder be placed under the building, with instructions to blow them up if the attempt were made. Seddon would not give a written order for the diabolical work to be done, but he said, significantly, the prisoners must not be allowed to escape, under any circumstances ; which, says the diarist, was considered sanction
ounded, since dead; eight wounded, two severely; hit twenty-seven times. Osage, one wounded. Ouachita, one killed; two wounded; struck three times. Choctaw, one wounded. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, F. M. Ramsay, Commanding Expedition to Black and Washita Rivers. Rear-Admiral D. D. Porter, Commanding Mississippi Squadron. Surgeon Mixer's account. Surgeon Mixer was attached to the Lexington. United States steamer Lexington, off Trinity, Ouachita River, March 2, 1864. . . . . . . . . The Admiral came down on the afternoon of the twenty-ninth of February, and, true to my prediction, he has furnished us with something to do. We are on an expedition up the Ouachita. (Pronounce that Washitaw.) There are six vessels in the fleet, carrying seventy guns. The Ouachita rises in Arkansas, and empties into the Red, about forty-five miles from the mouth of the latter. The last sixty miles of the course of the Ouachita is sometimes called the Black River.
Doc. 106.-treatment of Union prisoners. Report of Colonel Streight. Willard's Hotel, Wasiiington, D. C., March 2, 1864. Hon. F. W. Kellogg, House Committee on Military Affairs: dear sir: Agreeably to your request, I have the honor to report the following facts in relation to the treatment of our officers and men by the rebel authorities. It is impossible for me to give you an account of all the acts of barbarity, inhumanity, and bad faith I have witnessed during my captivity, but I will endeavor to mention such instances as will give you as correct an idea of the true condition of our men as possible. On the third day of May last, near Rome, Georgia, my command having become so reduced by hard fighting and marching, during the seven days previous, that it was evident to me that we (about one thousand five hundred officers and men) would fall into the hands of the enemy, and, after holding a council of war with my regimental commanders, it was decided to capitulate,
Doc. 126.-expedition up the Neuse River, N. C. Account by a participant. United States steamer----, off Wilmington, N. C., March 2, 1864. on the evening of the twenty-ninth of February, we started from our ship on an expedition; the Captain in his gig, with a master's mate and twelve oars. I had command of the first cutter, also pulling twelve oars, with the coxswain. We took with us an engineer and two firemen, and were, all told, twenty-five men and officers. The engineer and firemen accompanied us to take charge of and bring out a blockade-runner, in case we should meet any inside the forts. We are blockading at the mouth of the Neuse River. On each side of its mouth are forts, with guns of heavy calibre, some of them of immense range. Sometimes the blockade-runners come down to the forts, out of range of our guns, of course, and lie there waiting an opportunity to slip out in a dark stormy night, etc. Had we found one of them there, we would have boarded, surpr
Doc. 131.-Red River expedition. Reports of Admiral Porter. Mississippi Squadron, flag-ship Black Hawk, off Red River, March 2, 1864. sir: I came down here anticipating a move on the part of the army up toward Shreveport; but as the river is lower than it has been known to be for years, I much fear that the combined movement cannot come off without interfering with plans formed by General Grant. General Sherman has gone to New-Orleans to make arrangements with General Banks, and I am expecting his return every day. In the mean time the gunboats are up the Atchafalaya and Black Rivers, destroying bridges and stores, and endeavoring to destroy eight thousand cattle collected at Sicily Island. The Mississippi River is very quiet, and the rebels retreated into the interior on hearing of the advance of the gunboats. I am, sir, Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, David D. Porter, Rear-Admiral. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy,. Washington, D. C.
Doc. 133.-General Custer's expedition toward Charlottesville, Va. Culpeper Court-house, Va., Wednesday Morning, March 2, 1864. General Custer's reconnoitring expedition returned to camp last night after having completed, when the time employed and the numerical force engaged is considered, one of the most daring raids of the war. In my despatch of Monday I mentioned the fact that the expedition, which consisted of detachments from the First, Second, and Fifth United States, Sixth ostensible purpose, the whole character and manner of the move indicates that it was but a feint to draw attention and forces in this direction while other and more important movements are made elsewhere. Another account. Washington, March 2, 1864. General Custer, with one thousand five hundred picked men, in light marching order, left Culpeper Court-House about two o'clock on Sunday afternoon. The Sixth and Third corps marched from their winter quarters earlier in the day. The f
ival of the train at Gordonsville. Some uneasiness was felt in the early part of the evening, for the safety of the down passenger-train, due here at seven o'clock, but it was ascertained later in the night that it, too, was safe. Richmond, March 2, 1864. The raid of the enemy, so sudden and unexpected, has so completely interrupted telegraphic communication that little is known of the damage inflicted by them on the Virginia Central Railroad; but what little we have been able to ascertaince. Kilpatrick's party visited the premises of Mr. John P. Ballard, about three miles from the city, and stole from his stables a pair of valuable carriage-horses. Richmond Dispatch, March 1st and 2d. Another account. Richmond, March 2, 1864. Our last notice of the movements of the enemy closed with their appearance at Frederickshall, on the Central Railroad, and the approach of another column toward Charlottesville. The latter, we learn, were met by our cavalry under Colonel
aken by the reserves, (see Colonel Bollinger's report,) the guns could not be removed for want of horses, forty odd of those belonging to the battery lying dead on the ground; and I am authorized to say that Randall applied to General Heintzelman, after nightfall, for men to drag his guns off the ground, but was refused by that officer on the plea that it would bring on a renewal of the battle. For instance, General Meade says to me in a letter dated Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, March second, 1864: I have always maintained that these guns (Randall's battery) were not lost by the division, but were abandoned by the army. It is notorious that they remained all night in their original position on the field, outside the line of the enemy's pickets, the enemy having withdrawn from the field after dark, and not returning till eight o'clock the next day, when their skirmishers advanced in order of battle, and finding these guns, took possession of them. I have this from Rand
he highest rank attained, whether full or by brevet, only is given, in order to avoid duplications. It is, of course, understood that in most cases the actual rank next below that conferred by brevet was held either in the United States Army or the Volunteers. In some cases for distinguished gallantry or marked efficiency brevet rank higher than the next grade above was given. The date is that of the appointment. Lieutenant-General, United States army (full rank) Grant, Ulysses S., Mar. 2, 1864. Lieutenant-General, United States army (by Brevet) Scott, Winfield, Mar. 29, 1847. Major-generals, United States army (full rank) Fremont, J. C., May 14, 1861. Halleck, H. W., Aug. 19, 1861. Hancock, Winfield, July 26, 1866. McClellan, G. B., May 14, 1861. Meade, G. G., Aug. 18, 1864. Sheridan, P. H., Nov. 8, 1864. Sherman, Wm. T., Aug. 12, 1864. Thomas, Geo. H., Dec. 15, 1864. Wool, John E., May 16, 1862. Major-generals, United States army (by Brevet) Allen, Rober
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