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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 19: the repossession of Alabama by the Government. (search)
us, 519. La Grange's expedition to West Point capture of Fort Tyler, 520. Croxton's destructive raid, 521. the author's journey from Savannah to Montgomery, 522. a day at Montgomery the State capital, 523. at Selma, Mobile, and New Orleans, 524. departure for Port Hudson and Vicksburg, 525. The repossession of Alabama was an important part of General Grant's comprehensive plan of campaign for the winter and spring of 1865. The capture of the forts at the entrance to Mobile Bay Aug., 1864. was a necessary preliminary movement. Had Farragut then known how weakly Mobile was defended, he and Granger might easily have captured it. At that time there were no troops in or immediately about the city. The artillery, also, had been called away to oppose A. J. Smith's troops, then approaching from Memphis (see page 248), and then they were sent to West Point, in Georgia, for the support of General Hood, where they erected a strong work, commanding the railway and the Chattahoche
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 52: operations about Charleston, 1865.--fall of Charleston, Savannah, etc. (search)
the passage so narrow that the shoals on each hand were bare at low water, and hardly five hundred (500) feet apart, besides being directly under fire from Battery Bee at 1,100 yards, and of Mount Pleasant battery at 1,000 yards. At this time they had been so much worn-eaten that they sank, but the depth at low tide would still have rendered them troublesome to all but light-draught vessels. And Captain Gray states that they were afloat up to the last that he saw of them, which was in August, 1864. In this way the main entrance was obstructed between Sumter and Moultrie, and two of the channels leading from it were barred by piles and booms, leaving open only the main channel to the south, which was left to the control of the heavy batteries that lined it. These obstructions were defended by torpedoes, and by a series of batteries, iron-clads and torpedo-boats. After obtaining possession of the harbor, the examination which was made disclosed the use of three kinds of tor
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 56: commerce-destroyers.-their inception, remarkable career, and ending. (search)
h by such proceedings as those of the Chickamauga is hard to conceive, for at that stage of the civil war a cruise against the coasting trade of the North could only show the desperate straits to which the Confederates were reduced, and was merely an attempt to keep up the semblance of a war on the ocean. The Atlanta made two trips to Wilmington as a blockade-runner. She was then converted into a cruiser and named the Tallahassee. Under this name she left the Cape Fear River early in August, 1864. and on the 19th of that month arrived at Halifax, after capturing and destroying several vessels. Owing to the vigilance of the authorities, who in this instance were upon the alert to prevent a violation of the neutrality laws, the Tallahassee was unable to obtain coal or othersupplies, and was obliged to return to Wilmington. In November this vessel made another attempt, under the name of the Olustee, and took a few prizes, but, returning to Wilmington, assumed her old character of
es of each Army during the entire campiaign, from May to Sefitember, inclusive, we have, in the Union Army, as per table appended: Sherman's Memoirs, page 132, vol. II. Killed 4,423 Wounded 22,822 Missing 4,442   Aggregate loss 31,687. headquarters military Division of the Mississippi, in the field, Atlanta, Georgia, September 15th, 1864. Prisoners and deserters taken by Army in the field, Military Division of the Mississippi, during May, June, July, and August, 1864 : Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, page 134. commands. prisoners. deserters.     Officers. Men. Officers. Men. Aggregate. Army of the Cumberland, 121 3,838 21 1,543 5,523 Army of the Tennessee 133 2,591 5 576 3,305 Army of the Ohio 16 781 1 292 1,090 Total 270 7,210 27 2,411 9,918 Sherman's forces. Sherman's Memoirs, vol. II, page 136. Recapitulation-Atlanta Campaaign. Arm. June I. July I. August I. Sept I. Infantry 94,310 88,066 75,659 67,674 Cava
1/2 March171139 1/2170159 1/2 April159 1/2146189164 May156143 1/2195167 1/2 June149 1/2140 1/2252167 July145 1/2133 1/2290229 August128 1/2122 1/2261231 September142 1/2127 1/2251 1/2185 October156 1/2142 1/2222 1/2189 November154 1/2143 1/2260209 1/4 December153146 1/2243 1/4211 By the pecuniary gauge thus afforded, it appears that the very darkest hours of our contest-those in which our loyal people most profoundly despaired of a successful issue — were those of July and August, 1864; following Grant's repulse from Cold Harbor, the mine explosion before Petersburg, and during Early's unpunished incursion into Maryland, and his cavalry's raids up to Chambersburg and McConnellsburg. Two abortive efforts to open a door to accommodation between the belligerents were made during this gloomy period. One of these originated with certain Confederates then in Canada, one of whom wrote July 5, 1864. to the author of this work, averring that Messrs. Clement C. Clay, of A
illiam--H. Emory; the First Division, containing 17 regiments, was commanded by General William Dwight; the Second Division, containing 4 brigades, 21 regiments, was commanded by General Cuvier Grover. The returns from these two divisions for August, 1864, show an aggregate of 21,640, present and absent; 14,645 present, with 13,176 present for duty. Of the latter, the corps lost over 5,000 men in the Shenandoah campaign. It lost at the Opequon, September 19th, 314 killed, 1,554 wounded, and 2valry battles in Grant's campaign, might be mentioned Todd's Tavern, May 8; Hawes' Shop, May 28; Trevilian Station, June 11; St. Mary's Church, June 24; Dinwiddie Court House, March 31; Five Forks, April 1; and Appomattox, April 9, 1865. In August, 1864, Sheridan was promoted to the command of the Army of the Shenandoah, and took with him the First and Third Cavalry Divisions — Merritt's and Wilson's. General Torbert was assigned to the command of the cavalry forces in the Shenandoah, and his
of 1,883 engaged, or 61 per cent. Most of the missing at Gettysburg were killed or wounded. The Iron Brigade was also hotly engaged at South Mountain, Antietam, The Wilderness and Spotsylvania. It was organized in August, 1861, at which time it was composed of the three Wisconsin regiments and the Nineteenth Indiana. In October, 1862, the Twenty-fourth Michigan was added. The Second Wisconsin and Nineteenth Indiana did not reenlist, and so were mustered out, respectively, in June and August, 1864. During the Wilderness campaign the Seventh Indiana was attached to the brigade, but it was mustered out in August. The First New York Sharpshooters' Battalion was also attached to the brigade at one time, joining it in the fall of 1863. In February, 1865, the brigade was broken up, the Twenty-fourth Michigan having been ordered to Baltimore. The Sixth and Seventh Regiments remained in the First Brigade, Third Division (Crawford's), Fifth Corps, while the Sharpshooters' Battalion was
June 15, 1864, it sustained a further loss of 13 killed, and 30 wounded. In August, 1864, the regiment returned to North Carolina where it served until mustered out e the average and entitles it to distinction. The Division was broken up in August, 1864, and the regiment transferred to Potter's (2d) Division. Fifty-Seventh 99 wounded, and 6 missing. It fought in the ranks of the Second Corps until August, 1864, when it was ordered home for muster-out. The recruits and reenlisted men r the Wilderness campaign, and then, while in the trenches before Petersburg, August, 1864, it received the order for its muster-out. Seventy-Sixth Pennsylvania Isault on Petersburg, June 18th. The enlistment of the Nineteenth expired in August, 1864, when the few remaining members of the original regiment went home. Twe stationed at Huntsville, Ala., at Kingston, Ga., and at other places, until August, 1864, when it was mustered out. The recruits and reenlisted men who were retained
f seven companies, and in 1864 it served, dismounted, in the Sixth Corps. The Delaware Heavy Artillery consisted of one company only — Ahl's Independent Company. The State furnished, also, an infantry company — Stirling's — which enlisted in August, 1864, for one year; and a company of cavalry — Milligan's — which enlisted in July, 1864, for thirty days. Maryland.--Over 40,000 Marylanders followed the old line bugle, fife, and drum into the Union ranks. Including colored troops, the State de thus in April, 1862, under command of Colonel Crocker of the 13th Iowa, and served together until mustered out in July, 1865. Crocker, having been promoted Brigadier, was succeeded by Colonel Hall of the 11th, who was in turn succeeded, in August, 1864, by General William W. Belknap, formerly of the 15th. Colonels Reid and Chambers, also, commanded the brigade at times. It fought in all the battles of the Army of the Tennessee, in the Vicksburg and Atlanta campaigns, marched with Sherman
nge of purpose did not take place until the numbers and morale of the troops had been so far reduced that the flanking movements became, in the main, ineffectual from the want of vigor in attack, at the critical moments, when a little of the fire which had been exhibited in the great assaults of May would have sufficed to crown a well-conceived enterprise with a glorious victory. But that fire had for the time burned itself out; and on more than one occasion during the months of July and August, 1864, the troops of the Army of the Potomac, after an all-day or all-night march which had placed them in a position of advantage, failed to show a trace of that enthusiasm and élan which characterized the earlier days of the campaign. This result was not due to moral causes only. Physically the troops were dead-beat, from the exertions and privations of the preceding two months. [no. 82. see page 715.] [Private.] Headquarters of Tie Army, Washington, July 3, 1864. Lieut.-Gen. U. S. Grant
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