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William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2 1,747 1,747 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 574 574 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 435 435 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 98 98 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 90 90 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 86 86 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 58 58 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 54 54 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 53 53 Browse Search
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War 49 49 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1865 AD or search for 1865 AD in all documents.

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or this purpose. The air-reservoirs of Fisk (U. S. patent, 1865) have a similar purpose. See air-compressing machine. s of the stretchers. Sirs, 1863, Wilkins, 1864, Slatter, 1865, and others have patented improvements which might be citedot-air engines:Lanbereau,1859. for explosive engines:Drake,1865. for steam engines:Drake,1865. combined with hair:Murphey1865. combined with hair:Murphey,1870. loose flock asbestus;Hoke. 6. Boiler covering:Peters,1862. Hardy,1869.Selden and Kidd,1865. Murphy,1870.Spen1865. Murphy,1870.Spencer,1868. Riley,1871.French,1869. Murfey,1870. 7. For forming a radiating surface, as in gasstoves, fire-grates, and bsh patent, 2048 of 1858.Devlin, 1860. Peters, 1862.Devlin, 1865. Botticher: with soapstone and cotton,1864. Kelly: with garsh, 1867. 13. Electric insulator:English patent, 362 of 1865. 14. In refrigerators:Hyatt, 1870. 15. In ink:Smilie, 1in Eversholt Street, London, and an extension was opened in 1865. This realizes the dreams of Papin and the hopes of Medh
o.Adams,Feb.20,1872. p.Peyton,July18,1871. q.Lecky,Oct.29,1867. r.Sechler,March19,1867. s.Sheppard,Aug.22,1871. t.Latting,Dec.18,1866. u.Onions,June5,1866. v.Lee,Oct.16,1866. w.Milligan,Nov.6,1866. x.Merritt,April10,1866. y.Quant,Oct.28,1865. z.McCOMB,Jan.29,1861. a′.Seaver,Oct.23,1866. b′.McCOMB,Oct.23,1866. c′.Wailey,Oct.9,1866. d′.Gridley,Oct.23,1866. Bale-ties. In connection with the subject of ties for bales may be mentioned the devices for baling cut hay, and for bal. 4. Forms of many-barreled cannon, revolving on a vertical axis, the pieces being muzzle-loaded. (Milburn, 1866. Divergent, Natcher, 1864.) 5. A cluster of rotating barrels, consecutively loaded and fired by automatic action. (Gatling, 1861-65.) This will have a longer description presently. 6. A cluster of barrels, in whose rear is placed a chambered plate, each of whose chambers corresponds to one of the cluster of barrels, against whose rear it is locked before firing. The mitrai
mid-length, the inner ends of which are supported in a box or sleeve. See also patent of Hewett, 1865. In another form of the divided axle, one portion of the axle is hollow, and forms a sleeve fo motive-power to generate a blast of air, and the escaping heated air was carbureted. Boynton, 1865, dispensed with moving machinery in the chamber, by making a plain metallic box with a fibrous maide, through which air was forced. He also mixed the benzoles of gas-tar and petroleum. Myer, 1865, washed the carbureted air, to remove extraneous matters. Pease's carburetor. Pease, 1865,1865, injected air at the lower portion of the carburetor, causing it to ascend through fluid in contact with the lower surfaces of a series of inclined planes with flanged edges and ends, passing from one0. In 1860 it was £ 52,000,000. In 1823, Great Britain employed 10,000 steam-looms; the number in 1865 was 400,000, driven by steampower estimated equal to 294,000 horses, and directly employing 1,000
ith great difficulty, he felt no inconvenience, after making eight or ten forced respirations to clear the lungs, until the mouth and nostrils had been closed more than a minute and a half; and that he continued to hold breath to the end of the second minute. A knowledge of this fact may enable a diver to remain under water at least twice as long as he otherwise could do. The experience of a French diver, who descended for the purpose of examining the wreck of a steamer sunk off Ushant in 1865, is interesting. He found that at the depth of 195 feet the general pressure over the whole body was so great that the bladder was involuntarily emptied. At this depth he rested on the sands in which his feet sunk. He detaches one end of the guide-cord; he can distinguish this cord, the weights, and his hands, and the advances a few steps. He has great difficulty in withdrawing his feet from the sands, to which he feels rooted. All at once his sight is obscured, his head turns; he return
ere cylindrical pipes of 12 inches diameter, hollowed out of freestone blocks 20 inches in hight. The drains were led down from the upper stories through pipes in the masonry of the stairs, and united with hundreds of other drains at the larger conduits, which conducted the water to the Cloaca Maxima. Earth-closets. The arrangement of the aqueduct and distributing pipes which conducted the water from the fountain of Nismes was as elaborate as the emunctories described. See Cresy, ed. 1865, pp. 108-118. Earth′en-ware. A general expression which covers all ceramic work, such as stone-ware, delft, porcelain, etc. See pottery. The term, as far as it may have a less general meaning, includes merely the commoner classes of clay-ware, otherwise known as crockery. The clay, having been properly tempered, is formed on the wheel and dried under cover until it has acquired considerable solidity. The glaze, of the consistence of cream, is then put on as evenly as possible by me
in General Norton's American breech-loading small-arms, New York, 1872. Before the war of 1861-65, the principal breechloading small-arms were Sharps's, Burnside's, Maynard's, Merrill's, and Spenc 1864. 45,290R. WhiteNov. 29, 1864. 45,532E. T. StarrDec. 20, 1864. 46,131F. D. NewburyJan 31, 1865. 46,612C. E. SneiderFeb. 28, 1865. 1. Chambered Cylinder revolving on Parallel Axis. (a.)s patents may be consulted: — 13,0561855.44,2621864. 15,6881856.44,9401864. 26,5411859.47,2961865. 35,4721862.50,5881865. 40,7531863.51,8331866. 40,7911863.53,4311866. 40,9201863.55,3691866. 1865. 40,7531863.51,8331866. 40,7911863.53,4311866. 40,9201863.55,3691866. 42,1631864.61,0061867. 43,1121864. Fuel-dryer. Fuel-dry′er. A kiln for drying blocks of artificial fuel. The trays supporting the blocks of fuel run upon rollers upon the angle-iron bars s866. Kling1857.Rand1867. Ruschaupt et al.1862.Goldmark1867. Lipps1864.Ruschaupt1868. Stockwell1865. Fumi-ga′tor. An apparatus for applying smoke, gas, or perfume: — 1. To destroy insect
1864, have a platform supported by a piston in an air-cylinder beneath. Eads (1865, 1869, and 1871) causes the recoil of the gun to depress it backwardly and downwe latter being fired, the axis is rotated and the guns change places. Winans, 1865, lifts his gun, carriage, and traverse into firing position by steam piston and rsing and operating guns in turrets, see patent of Ericsson, 1866, 1870; Perley, 1865, 1867; Eads, 1864, 1865; Bartol, 1863. Training twin guns in parallelism in tur1865; Bartol, 1863. Training twin guns in parallelism in turrets, Eads, 1866. Eads, 1864, 1865, has a means for training the gun upon an imaginary center, which is the center of the exterior opening of the port or embrasure1865, has a means for training the gun upon an imaginary center, which is the center of the exterior opening of the port or embrasure, so as to reduce the opening to the smallest size. Gun-cot′ton. The first notice of the discovery of gun-cotton was made by Braconnet, in 1833, who detailed thdried in charges of twenty pounds in fire-proof cages. See also Revy's process, 1865; and appendix to A. L. Holley's Treatise on ordnance and armor. Mr. Abel, of
, and dividing the sum by 1,000. Thus, — 20° Twaddel = 20 × 5 + 1,000/1,000 = 1.100 The density of liquids may also be determined by means of a series of glass beads of different specific gravities; the heavier sink and the lighter float on the surface, while one that indicates the precise specific gravity, which is marked in thousandths on its surface, remains in equilibrium at any depth in the liquid. The subject is fully discussed in Kuppfer's Handbuch der Alkoholometrie, Berlin, 1865. See also Alcoholometer, Acidimeter, areometer, saccharometer, etc. See list under meter; see also unit. The most familiar hydrometer, to many, is a hen's egg, used by a farmer's wife to test the strength of lye for making soap. When it floats as large as a quarter-dollar above the liquid the strength is satisfactory. Others test it by its action on a feather. Small hollow glass spheres called bubbles are also used in testing spirits, the rate at which they ascend therein being a
olled iron for bridges, girders, beams, rails, etc. See Brandt's Eisen-Konstructionen, Berlin, 1865; Heinzerling's Die Brucken in Eisen ; Fairbairn's On the application of cast and wrought iron, Lo Fers Speciaux, Paris, 1853; and Maurer's Die Formen der Walzkunst und das Faconeisen, Stuttgart, 1865. See also angle-iron. I′ron—block. A tackle-block with an iron shell and strap. The illun, but was never seriously injured. She was, unfortunately, burned at the wharf in Philadelphia, 1865. The Dunderberg is an inclined armor broadside ship, of 7,000 tons displacement. Her armor co23, 6, 1868. Held4, 8, 1857.Welling5, 5, 1868. Hackert31, 5, 1864.Cradenwitz25, 5, 1869. Dupper1865.Hyatt and Blake4, 5, 1869. Wheeler14, 11, 1865.Welling20, 4, 1869. Wurtz1, 1, 1867.Welling27, 41865.Welling20, 4, 1869. Wurtz1, 1, 1867.Welling27, 4, 1869. Hackert19, 2, 1867.Welling27, 4, 1869. Starr3, 3, 1868.Hyatt6, 4, 1869. Starr and Welling9, 6, 1868.Hyatt6, 4, 1869. Hyatt14, 4, 1868.Hyatt15, 6, 1869. Gardner7, 1, 1868.Welling17, 1, 187
til from the station m the visual line from m passing to c d will touch the ends e f of the cursor. Place a picket at m. Slip the cursor on to the third division of the staff and retire till from a new station n the visual rays from thence will reach the same objects, c d touching c f as before. Drive a picket. The distance between the pickets is equal to the distance between the objects. This is but one illustration of its application. See Cresy's Encyclopedia civil Engineering, edition 1865, pp. 832-835. 3. A straight rod b shod with iron, and with a socket joint and pintle at the summit for supporting a surveyor's circumferentor. Jac-o-net′. (Fabric.) A fine, close, white cotton goods, like cambric. Jac′quard loom. A loom for weaving figured goods. A chain of, perforated cards is made to pass over a drum, and the strings by which the threads of the warp are raised pass over an edge with a wire or leaden weight of small diameter suspended from each. These weig<
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