In connection with the subject of ties for bales may be mentioned the devices for baling cut hay, and for bal.
4. Forms of many-barreled cannon, revolving on a vertical axis, the pieces being muzzle-loaded. (Milburn, 1866.
Divergent, Natcher, 1864.)
5. A cluster of rotating barrels, consecutively loaded and fired by automatic action. (Gatling, 1861-65.) This will have a longer description presently.
6. A cluster of barrels, in whose rear is placed a chambered plate, each of whose chambers corresponds to one of the cluster of barrels, against whose rear it is locked before firing.
mid-length, the inner ends of which are supported in a box or sleeve.
See also patent of Hewett, 1865.
In another form of the divided axle, one portion of the axle is hollow, and forms a sleeve fo motive-power to generate a blast of air, and the escaping heated air was carbureted.
Boynton, 1865, dispensed with moving machinery in the chamber, by making a plain metallic box with a fibrous maide, through which air was forced.
He also mixed the benzoles of gas-tar and petroleum.
Myer, 1865, washed the carbureted air, to remove extraneous matters.
Pease, 1865,1865, injected air at the lower portion of the carburetor, causing it to ascend through fluid in contact with the lower surfaces of a series of inclined planes with flanged edges and ends, passing from one0. In 1860 it was £ 52,000,000. In 1823, Great Britain employed 10,000 steam-looms; the number in 1865 was 400,000, driven by steampower estimated equal to 294,000 horses, and directly employing 1,000
ere cylindrical pipes of 12 inches diameter, hollowed out of freestone blocks 20 inches in hight.
The drains were led down from the upper stories through pipes in the masonry of the stairs, and united with hundreds of other drains at the larger conduits, which conducted the water to the Cloaca Maxima.
The arrangement of the aqueduct and distributing pipes which conducted the water from the fountain of Nismes was as elaborate as the emunctories described.
See Cresy, ed. 1865, pp. 108-118.
A general expression which covers all ceramic work, such as stone-ware, delft, porcelain, etc. See pottery. The term, as far as it may have a less general meaning, includes merely the commoner classes of clay-ware, otherwise known as crockery.
The clay, having been properly tempered, is formed on the wheel and dried under cover until it has acquired considerable solidity.
The glaze, of the consistence of cream, is then put on as evenly as possible by me
in General Norton's American breech-loading small-arms, New York, 1872.
Before the war of 1861-65, the principal breechloading small-arms were Sharps's, Burnside's, Maynard's, Merrill's, and Spenc 1864.
45,290R. WhiteNov. 29, 1864.
45,532E. T. StarrDec. 20, 1864.
46,131F. D. NewburyJan 31, 1865.
46,612C. E. SneiderFeb. 28, 1865.
1. Chambered Cylinder revolving on Parallel Axis.
(a.)s patents may be consulted: —
A kiln for drying blocks of artificial fuel.
The trays supporting the blocks of fuel run upon rollers upon the angle-iron bars s866.
Ruschaupt et al.1862.Goldmark1867.
An apparatus for applying smoke, gas, or perfume: —
1. To destroy insect
1864, have a platform supported by a piston in an air-cylinder beneath.
Eads (1865, 1869, and 1871) causes the recoil of the gun to depress it backwardly and downwe latter being fired, the axis is rotated and the guns change places.
Winans, 1865, lifts his gun, carriage, and traverse into firing position by steam piston and rsing and operating guns in turrets, see patent of Ericsson, 1866, 1870; Perley, 1865, 1867; Eads, 1864, 1865; Bartol, 1863.
Training twin guns in parallelism in tur1865; Bartol, 1863.
Training twin guns in parallelism in turrets, Eads, 1866.
Eads, 1864, 1865, has a means for training the gun upon an imaginary center, which is the center of the exterior opening of the port or embrasure1865, has a means for training the gun upon an imaginary center, which is the center of the exterior opening of the port or embrasure, so as to reduce the opening to the smallest size.
The first notice of the discovery of gun-cotton was made by Braconnet, in 1833, who detailed thdried in charges of twenty pounds in fire-proof cages.
See also Revy's process, 1865; and appendix to A. L. Holley's Treatise on ordnance and armor.
Mr. Abel, of
, and dividing the sum by 1,000.
20° Twaddel = 20 × 5 + 1,000/1,000 = 1.100
The density of liquids may also be determined by means of a series of glass beads of different specific gravities; the heavier sink and the lighter float on the surface, while one that indicates the precise specific gravity, which is marked in thousandths on its surface, remains in equilibrium at any depth in the liquid.
The subject is fully discussed in Kuppfer's Handbuch der Alkoholometrie, Berlin, 1865.
See also Alcoholometer, Acidimeter, areometer, saccharometer, etc. See list under meter; see also unit.
The most familiar hydrometer, to many, is a hen's egg, used by a farmer's wife to test the strength of lye for making soap.
When it floats as large as a quarter-dollar above the liquid the strength is satisfactory.
Others test it by its action on a feather.
Small hollow glass spheres called bubbles are also used in testing spirits, the rate at which they ascend therein being a
olled iron for bridges, girders, beams, rails, etc.
See Brandt's Eisen-Konstructionen, Berlin, 1865; Heinzerling's Die Brucken in Eisen ; Fairbairn's On the application of cast and wrought iron, Lo Fers Speciaux, Paris, 1853; and Maurer's Die Formen der Walzkunst und das Faconeisen, Stuttgart, 1865.
See also angle-iron.
A tackle-block with an iron shell and strap.
The illun, but was never seriously injured.
She was, unfortunately, burned at the wharf in Philadelphia, 1865.
The Dunderberg is an inclined armor broadside ship, of 7,000 tons displacement.
Her armor co23, 6, 1868.
Held4, 8, 1857.Welling5, 5, 1868.
Hackert31, 5, 1864.Cradenwitz25, 5, 1869.
Dupper1865.Hyatt and Blake4, 5, 1869.
Wheeler14, 11, 1865.Welling20, 4, 1869.
Wurtz1, 1, 1867.Welling27, 41865.Welling20, 4, 1869.
Wurtz1, 1, 1867.Welling27, 4, 1869.
Hackert19, 2, 1867.Welling27, 4, 1869.
Starr3, 3, 1868.Hyatt6, 4, 1869.
Starr and Welling9, 6, 1868.Hyatt6, 4, 1869.
Hyatt14, 4, 1868.Hyatt15, 6, 1869.
Gardner7, 1, 1868.Welling17, 1, 187