Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1866 AD or search for 1866 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Christian Science, (search)
Christian Science, A religious faith founded by the Rev. Mary Baker G. Eddy, of Boston, Mass., in 1866. It absolutely denies the power of the human mind and human will, and claims no will but God's. It holds that man is the reflection of God's mind, and therefore establishes the brotherhood of man. It further claims that Jesus Christ brought perfect salvation from sin and disease. It is not mindcure, as that is generally understood, for it recognizes but one mind, which is God. Neither is it faith-cure, for it does not accomplish its work through blind faith in God, but through the understanding of man's relation to God. The one great text-book of Christian Science is Science and health, with key to the Bible, supplemented by another book called Miscellaneous writings, both of which were published by Mrs. Eddy. In 1899 there were in the United States 497 regularly organized churches, 12,000 ministers, and 80,000 members. Churches have also been organized in England, France,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil service, United States colonial. (search)
a, Bali, and Madura languages. This systematic training has borne abundant fruit in the indefatigable activity of the Dutch officials, travellers, and scientific men in the collection of material and the diffusion of knowledge relating to every aspect of their colonial domain, to an extent of which the average American can have no idea. In 1895 a clerk in the Dutch colonial office published a bibliography of the literature of the Netherlands East Indies, covering only the twenty-seven years 1866-1893. This simple list of titles and references fills 400 octavo pages. Turning to England, France, or Germany, we find, as we might expect, a highly trained colonial service, and university courses of study designed to supply such a training. At Oxford, there are teachers of Hindustani, Persian, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengalese, Turkish, and Chinese, Indian law and Indian history. In Cambridge, nine courses of a practical character are provided for the candidates for the Indian civil
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clay, Clement Claiborne 1819- (search)
Clay, Clement Claiborne 1819- Lawyer; born in Huntsville, Ala., in 1819; graduated at the University of Alabama in 1835; admitted to the bar in 1840; elected United States Senator in 1853 and 1859; was expelled in 1861; and elected to the Confederate Senate. In 1864 he was a secret Confederate agent to Canada, and participated in laying the plans for the raids on the northern border. At the close of the war, hearing that a reward was offered for his capture, he surrendered himself, and was a prisoner with Jefferson Davis in Fort Monroe; was released in 1866; and resumed the practice of law at Huntsville, Ala., where he died, Jan. 3, 1882.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Conger, Edwin Hurd 1843- (search)
Conger, Edwin Hurd 1843- Diplomatist; born in Knox county, Ill., March 7, 1843; graduated at Lombard University, Galesburg, Ill., in 1862; served in the 102d Illinois Regiment in the Civil War from 1862-65; and was brevetted major. After the war he entered the Albany Law School, where he graduated in 1866; practised law in Galesburg, Ill.; and after 1868 was enagaged in banking and stockraising in Iowa. He was State treasurer Edwin Hurd Conger. of Iowa in 1882-85; member of Congress in 1885-91; and minister to Brazil in 1891-95, being reappointed to the latter post in 1897. On Jan. 12, 1898, he was transferred to China, and served in Peking during the critical days of the Boxer uprising in 1900, and the subsequent negotiations for peace and the restoration of order in that country. See China.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Conkling, Roscoe 1829-1888 (search)
Conkling, Roscoe 1829-1888 Statesman; born in Albany, N. Y., Oct. 30, 1829; received an academic education; studied law with his father, a judge in the United States District Court and former minister to Mexico; admitted to the bar in 1850 in Utica; elected mayor in 1858, and also to Congress as a Republican; re-elected Roscoe Conkling. to Congress in 1860, 1864, and 1866, and in January, 1867, was chosen United States Senator and held his seat till 1881. During his service in the Senate he was active in the promotion of the reconstruction measures and in opposition to President Johnson's policy; was influential in securing the passage of the Civil rights bill (q. v.) over President Johnson's veto; and was notably conspicuous in his support of President Grant. Senator Conkling was a member of the judiciary committee during the entire course of his senatorial career. He was a strong advocate of a third term for President Grant in 1880, and after the election of James A. Garfie
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut (search)
n S. Peters1831 to 1833 H. W. Edwards1833 to 1834 Samuel A. Foote1834 to 1835 H. W. Edwards1835 to 1838 W. W. Ellsworth1838 to 1842 O. F. Cleveland1842 to 1844 Roger S. Baldwin1844 to 1846 Clark Bissell1846 to 1849 Joseph Trumbull1849 to 1850 Thomas H. Seymour1850 to 1853 Governors of Connecticut—Continued. Name.Date. Charles H. Pond 1853 to 1854 Henry Dutton 1854 to 1855 W. T. Minor 1855 to 1857 A. H. Holley 1857 to 1858 William A. Buckingham 1858 to 1866 Joseph R. Hawley 1866 to 1867 James E. English1867 to 1869 Marshall Jewell 1869 to 1870 James E. English 1870 to 1871 Marshall Jewell1871 to 1873 Charles R. Ingersoll 1873 to 1876 R. D. Hubbard 1876 to 1879 Charles B. Andrews 1879 to 1881 H. B. Bigelow 1881 to 1883 Thomas M. Waller 1883 to 1885 Henry B. Harrison 1885 to 1887 Phineas C. Lounsbury 1887 to 1889 Morgan G. Bulkeley 1889 to 1891 to 1891 to 1893 Luzon B. Morris1893 to 1895 O Vincent Coffin 1895 to 1897 Lorrin A. Cooke 1897 to 1899 George
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Conrad, Joseph 1830-1891 (search)
Conrad, Joseph 1830-1891 Military officer; born in Wied-Selters, Germany, May 17, 1830; graduated at the Hesse-Darmstadt Military Academy in 1848; settled in Missouri; and joined the National army at the beginning of the Civil War in the 3d Missouri Infantry. He was present at many important actions during the war; was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers at its close; joined the regular army in 1866; and was retired with the rank of colonel in 1882. He died in Fort Randall, S. D., Dec. 4, 1891.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Couch, Darius Nash 1822-1897 (search)
3, 1822; graduated at West Point in 1846; served in the war with Mexico; aided in suppressing the last outbreak of the Seminoles, and resigned in 1855. In January, 1861, while residing in Taunton, Mass., he was commissioned colonel of a Massachusetts regiment, and made a brigadier-general of volunteers in August. He commanded a division in General Keyes's corps in the battle of fair Oaks, or seven Pines (q. v.). He also distinguished himself at Williamsburg and at Malvern Hills, and on July 4, 1862, was promoted to major-general. Soon after his service at Antietam he was put in command of Sumner's corps, and took a prominent part in battles under Burnside and Hooker; also under Thomas, in the defeat of Hood at Nashville (q. v.), and in North Carolina early in 1865. He was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for governor of Massachusetts in 1865; was collector of the port of Boston in 1866-67; adjutant-general of Connecticut in 1883-84. He died in Norwalk, Conn., Feb. 12, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cox, Jacob Dolson 1828- (search)
He was admitted to the bar in 1852, and practised in Warren, O., until elected State Senator, in 1859. He was appointed brigadier-general of State militia, and commanded a camp of instruction, in April, 1861, and in May was made brigadier-general of volunteers, doing good service in western Virginia. In August, 1862, he was assigned to the Army of Virginia, under General Pope, and in the fall was ordered to the district of the Kanawha. After the death of Reno, at South Mountain, he commanded the 9th Army Corps. He was in command of the district of Ohio in 1863; served in the Atlanta campaign in 1864; and was promoted to major-general in December of that year. He served in Sherman's army early in 1865; was governor of Ohio in 1866-68; Secretary of the Interior under President Grant, in 1869-70; and Representative in Congress in 1877-79. He published Atlanta; The March to the sea; Franklin and Nashville; The second battle of Bull Run, etc. He died in Magnolia, Mass., Aug. 4, 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Craven, Thomas Tingley 1808-1887 (search)
Craven, Thomas Tingley 1808-1887 Naval officer; born in Washington, D. C., Dec. 30, 1808; entered the United States navy as midshipman in 1822, and was made captain June 7, 1861. A year later he became commodore. He materially assisted in the reduction of the forts on the Mississippi below New Orleans (May, 1862) and the destruction of the Confederate flotilla there. He had been lieutenant-commander of the flag-ship Vincennes in Wilkes's exploring expedition in 1838-42, and was instructor of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1851-55. In 1866 (Oct. 10) he was made a rear-admiral; in 1868-69 was in command of the North Pacific squadron; and in 1869 was retired. He died in Boston, Aug. 23, 1887.
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