Lowell and Waltham are well known for their cotton manufactures, as are Marlborough, Woburn, Natick, and other towns for the manufacture of shoes.
The aggregate value of the agricultural and manufacturing products of the county in 1870 was $83,102,442. The surface of the county is uneven, and the soil barren.
It presents a great variety for the admiration of the patriot, scholar, farmer, mechanic, and painter.
The population of Middlesex County in 1860 was 216,352; in 1865 it was 220,618, being an increase in five years of 4,266.
The population in 1870 was 274,353, being an increase in five years of 53,735.
The valuation of the county in 1860 was $135,458,009; in 1865 it was $155,324,723, being an increase in five years of $19,866,714.
The number of men which Middlesex County furnished for the war, according to returns made by the selectmen of the towns and mayors of the cities in 1866—with the exception of Concord and West Cambridge, which do not appear to h