formal beginning of an organized Catholic society effected in this part of Middlesex County.
This same structure is still in use, being a part of the large Church of the Immaculate Conception (then called St. Mary's) which you see today, standing as it does, together with the rectory, on the land provided by those first pioneers.
On April 20, 1877, that part of the town of Medford in which this edifice is located was annexed to the town of Maiden by an act of the State Legislature.
In 1873, March 3d, it was voted in town meeting in Medford that the sum of $600.00 be appropriated for the Clock on the Catholic Church in Salem street, said clock to become the property of the Town, and the Society to keep the same in proper order and insured for the benefit of the Town.
In 1863 Father Ryan died, borne down by the weight of his toil and labor.
He was succeeded by the Rev. Thomas Scully, who had been an army chaplain, and while in the South with the Massachusetts soldiers was cap
ome of whom were members of the company, but has been unable to find any trace of the records made by its clerk.
The existence of the company grew out of no military exigency, but from the old-style noisy celebration of Independence Day, which required a salute fired at morning, noon and night.
In 1870 and 1871 this was by George Nichols' old gun (as we are told), each time at an expense of $50. In 1872 (see town report) the payment was to Mr. Nichols, $55.50, 3 salutes, 37 guns each.
In 1873 $100 was paid the 3d Light Battery, M. V. M., for similar service, and the increasing expense may have been the incentive to the gift of guns to Medford, that at last, disused, disappeared from public knowledge and notice.
Prior to and during the Civil War many vessels carried an armament, for protection in foreign seas and against Confederate cruisers.
One of these was the Swallow, owned by Thatcher Magoun of Medford, which had two brass cannon (six pounders), mounted on low wooden carri
Whatever I have said, or may say, on the subject of bells (Medford's or others) is on the historical line, and not from any musical knowledge.
I have purposely delayed mentioning the excellent chime of nine bells of Grace Church until now. In 1873 municipal appropriation, parish work, individual or memorial liberality, provided for its expense, which was $2,700. These nine bells have an aggregate weight of 5,324 lbs. and are attuned to the key of G, that of the largest, or tenor bell.
Each bears the inscription Grace Church, Medford, A. D. 1873, and all were cast by William Blake & Co.
A visit to the belfry reveals an oaken frame some eight feet square and four feet high.
Within this frame, suspended at their crowns, are eight of the bells, while upon its top is mounted, in the usual manner for ringing, the town, or largest bell.
In addition to that before mentioned, each bell has cast upon it its name and an appropriate inscription, scriptural or otherwise, as follows:—
a Yankee whose ancestors in this country date back to 1635.
His Medford is the county seat, has 2,000 people (14,000 in county), an $85,000 court house, $65,000 high school, four ward schools, eight churches, a Carnegie library coming, and two weekly newspapers (one German). The soil is a clay loam, highly productive and well watered by the various streams, in which are plenty of game fish.
This Medford got its name by the loyalty to New England of the Wisconsin Central Railroad manager in 1873.
He was Charles R. Colby from Boston, and gave the various stations names of Massachusetts towns—Medford, Chelsea, Auburndale, and others.
Another Medford is, as Clerk Bigelow writes, back in the Maine woods; was incorporated in 1824 as Kilmarnock (the birthplace in Scotland of an early settler's father), and changed, by petition of citizens, to Medford in 1856.
Water power is abundant (more than is utilized), lumbering and farming the chief occupation of its 300 people.
It has one chur