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ake Pickens; and the Administration would not be justified if it listened to his advice and evacuated either. Very soon thereafter, I think at the next Cabinet meeting, the President announced his decision that supplies should be sent to Sumter, and issued confidential orders to that effect. All were gratified with this decision, except Mr. Seward, who still remonstrated, but preparations were immediately commenced to fit out an expedition to forward supplies. Lincoln and Seward, New York, 1874, pp. 57, 58. The italics are not in the original. This account is confirmed by a letter of Montgomery Blair. Ibid., pp. 64-69. The date of the announcement of the President's final purpose is fixed by Welles, in the next paragraph to that above quoted, as March 28. This was four days before Seward's assurance given Judge Campbell—after conference with the President—that there would be no departure from the pledges previously given (which were that the fort would be evacuated), and ten d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Acrelius, Israel, 1714-1800 (search)
Acrelius, Israel, 1714-1800 Clergyman: born in Osteraker, Sweden, Dec. 25, 1714: was ordained in 1743; came to America to preside over the Swedish congregations in New Sweden in 1749. His work was marked with success, but after seven years toil he was forced to resign by ill-health, and returned to Sweden. His publications include The Swedish colonies in America (1759, translated into English in 1874), and articles on America. He died in Fellingsbro, April 25, 1800. See New Sweden, founding of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adams, Henry C. (search)
Adams, Henry C. Born in Davenport, Ia., 1861. Graduated from Iowa College, 1874. Professor of Political Economy in the University of Michigan since 1887. Director of the division of transportation of the eleventh census; statistician to Interstate Commerce Commission since 1887; president American Economic Association from 1895-97. He has written Lectures on political Economy ; State in relation to industrial action; Public debts; The Science of finance.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adler, Felix, 1851- (search)
Adler, Felix, 1851- Educator; born in Alzey, Germany, Aug. 13, 1851; was graduated at Columbia University in 1870 and then studied in Germany. In 1874-76 he was Professor of Hebrew and Oriental Literature at Cornell University; and in 1876 he founded the New York Society of Ethical Culture, before which he has since lectured on Sundays. On May 5, 1901, at its twenty-fifth anniversary, in recognition of Dr. Adler's services, the society presented him with $10.000 as a nucleus of a larger fund the income of which is to be employed in developing the natural gifts of worthy young men and women. Dr. Adler is a member of the editorial board of the International journal of Ethics. His publications include Creed and deed; The moral instruction of children, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Agassiz, Alexander, 1835- (search)
Agassiz, Alexander, 1835- Naturalist; born in Neuchatel, Switzerland, Dec. 17, 1835: son of Prof. Louis Agassiz; came to the United States in 1849; and was graduated at Harvard College in 1855, and at Lawrence Scientific School in 1857. He was curator of the Natural History Museum, in Cambridge, in 1874-85: has since been engaged in important zoological investigations; and became widely known by his connection with the famous Calumet and Hecla copper-mines. The University of St. Andrews conferred the honorary degree of Ll.D. upon him, April 2, 1901.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ainsworth, Frederick Crayton, 1852- (search)
Ainsworth, Frederick Crayton, 1852- Military officer; born in Woodstock, Vt., Sept. 11, 1852; was appointed a first lieutenant and assistant surgeon in the United States army in 1874; promoted major and surgeon in 1891; colonel and chief of the Record and Pension Office in the War Department in 1892; and brigadier-general in 1899. He invented and introduced the index-record card system, by the use of which the full military history of any soldier may be immediately traced. About 50,000.000 of these cards have been placed on file, and their introduction has resulted in a yearly saving of more than $400,000. In 1898 he succeeded Gen. George W. Davis as supervisor of the publication of the official records of the Civil War.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Altgeld, John Peter, 1847- (search)
Altgeld, John Peter, 1847- Lawyer; born in Germany, in December, 1847; was brought to the United States in infancy by his parents, who settled near Mansfield, O.; received a public school education; entered the Union army in 1863, and served till the close of the war. In 1869 he was admitted to the Missouri bar; in 1874 was elected State attorney of Andrew county, Mo.; in the following year removed to Chicago; in 1886-91 was judge of the superior court of that city; and in 1893-97 was governor of Illinois. His action in pardoning (June 27, 1893) Fielden, Schwab, and Neebe, who had been imprisoned for complicity in the Haymarket atrocity by alleged anarchists, excited strong and general criticism (see anarchists; Chicago). His publications include Our penal machinery and its victims; Lice questions; Oratory; Its requirements and its rewards (1901); etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ames, Adelbert, 1835- (search)
Ames, Adelbert, 1835- Military officer; born in Rockland, Me., Oct. 31, 1835; was graduated at West Point in 1861; and for his gallant conduct in the Battle of Bull Run (1861) was brevetted major. He served in the campaigns on the Peninsula in 1862. At Chancellorsville he led a brigade, also at Gettysburg, in 1863, and before Petersburg, in 1864, he commanded a division. In the expedition against Fort Fisher, near the close of that year, he commanded a division of colored troops, and afterwards led the same in North Carolina. In the spring of 1865 he was brevetted major-general of volunteers and brigadier-general, U. S. A. In 1871 he was a representative of Mississippi in the United States Senate; was governor in 1874; and was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers June 20, 1898, serving through the war with Spain.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Andrews, Elisha Benjamin, 1844- (search)
Andrews, Elisha Benjamin, 1844- Educator: born in Hinsdale, N. H., Jan. 10,) 1844; graduated at Brown University in 1870, and at Newton Theological Institute in 1874; was president of Brown University in 1889-98; superintendent of the Chicago Public Schools in 1898-1900; and in the last year became chancellor of the University of Nebraska. He is author of History of the United States; An honest dollar, a plea for bimetallism, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arbor day, (search)
Arbor day, A day set apart to encourage the voluntary planting of trees by the people; inaugurated by Nebraska State Board of Agriculture, in 1874, who so designated the second Wednesday in April, and recommended that all public school children should be urged to observe it by setting out young trees; and now observed as either a legal holiday or a school holiday by nearly every State and Territory in the country.
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