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Columbian Exposition. Early in 1890 an act was passed by Congress, providing for an exhibition of arts. industries, manufactures, and products of the soil, mines, and sea in 1892. This exhibition was designed to be a commemoration and celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus, and hence was designated The World's Columbian Exposition. When the question of a site for the exposition came up for determination, the four cities, New York, Chicago, St. Louis, and Washingtion, were competitors, and on Feb. 24 Chicago, which had given a good guarantee of $10,000,000, was awarded that honor. Congress at once appropriated $1,500,000 towards providing for the successful management of the enterprise. A commission of two persons from each State and Territory was appointed by the President on the nomination of the governors, and also eight commissioners at large, and two from the District of Columbia, to constitute the World's Columbian Commission. It
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing),
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Croker, Richard 1843- Politician; born in Black Rock, Ireland, Nov. 24, 1843; was brought to the United States when two years old; received a public school education in New York; was alderman in 1868-70 and 1883; coroner in 1873-76; fire commissioner in 1883; and city chamberlain in 1889-90. He took a prominent part in opposing the Tweed Ring, and since the death of John Kelly has been the recognized leader of Tammany Hall. For several years Mr. Croker has passed a large part of his time annually in England.
Crook, George -1890 Military officer; born near Dayton, O., Sept. 8, 1828; graduated at West Point in 1852. In May, 1861, he was promoted to captain. He did good service in western Virginia, and in September was made brigadiergeneral and took command of the Kanawha district. In command of a division of cavalry in the Army of the Cumberland, he was at Chickamauga (q. v.) and drove Wheeler across the Tennessee. Brevetted major-general of volunteers (July, 1864), he was put in command of the Army of West Virginia, and took part in Sheridan's operations in the Shenandoah Valley. He was made major-general of volunteers in October, and late in February, 1865, was captured by guerillas, but exchanged the next month. He was brevetted brigadier-general and major-general in the regular Army March 13, 1865, and afterwards distinguished himself in several campaigns against the Indians, and particularly in the battles of Powder River, Tongue River, and the Rosebud. He died in Chicago, I