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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, *)a*f*r*d*i*s*i*o*n: (search)
*)a*f*r*d*i*s*i*o*n: apparently a shrine of Venus on the Palatine, mentioned only once, under date of 193 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxxiv. 3. I: to\n qa/lamon e)n tw=| *)afrodisi/w| tw=| kata\ to\ *pala/tion o)/nti pareskeu/asen. It is possible, but not very probable, that the name Venus Palatina, given in jest to L. Crassus (Plin. NH xxxvi. 7) may be based on the existence of this shrine (HJ 46; Gilb. iii. 430).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
), 339; M. Aurelius and L. Verus build column of Antoninus Pins, 131; Arcus Divi Veri, 47. 161(after). Temple of Faustina dedicated also to Antoninus, 13. 176Arches of M. Aurelius, 35, 37. 176Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus near Lucus Furrinae, 294. 176-193Column of Marcus Aurelius, 132. 180-193Reign of Commodus: he builds Temple of Marcus Aurelius, 327; extends Pomerium, 396; alters the Colossus of Nero, 130; Cleander builds Thermae Commodianae, 525. 193Fire of Commodus: destroys Temple of Peace, 386: Bibliotheca Capitolina, 84: Horrea Piperataria, 262: Temple of Vesta, 558. 193-211Reign of Severus: he restores Temple of Peace, 386: of Divus Vespasianus, 556; of Juppiter Stator and Juno Regina, 305; builds Thermae and Palace on Palatine, 164; alters exedra in Palatine hippodrome, 163; builds Septizonium, 473: Horrea, 263: Equus Severi in Forum, 202: Umbilicus Romae,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
The senate was very pleased with these sentiments, but not so the emperor, who sent Junius Severus to supersede Albinus in his command. At this time Albinus must have been a very distinguished man, which we may conclude from the fact, that some time before Commodus had offered him the title of Caesar, which he wisely declined. Notwithstanding the appointment of Junius Severus as his successor, Albinus kept his command till after the murder of Commodus and that of his successor Pertinax in A. D. 193. It is doubtful if Albinus was the secret author of the murder of Pertinax, to which Capitolinus makes an allusion. (Ib. 14.) After the death of Pertinax, Didius Julianus purchased the throne by bribing the praetorians; but immediately afterwards, C. Pescennius Niger was proclaimed emperor by the legions in Syria; L. Septimius Severus by the troops in Illyricum and Pannonia; and Albinus by the armies in Britain and Gaul. Julianus having been put to death by order of the senate, who dread
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
A'quila, Ju'lius (GALLUS?), a Roman jurist, from whose liber responsorum two fragments concerning tutors are preserved in the Digest. In the Florentine Index he is named Gallus Aquila, probably from an error of the scribe in reading *Gallouon for *Ioulion. This has occasioned Julius Aquila to be confounded with Aquillius Gallus. His date is uncertain, though he probably lived under or before the reign of Septimius Severus, A. D. 193-8; for in Dig. 26. tit. 7, s. 34 he gives an opinion upon a question which seems to have been first settled by Severus. (Dig. 27. tit. 3. s. 1.3.) By most of the historians of Roman law he is referred to a later period. He may possibly be the same person with Lucius Julius Aquila, who wrote de Etrusca disciplina, or with that Aquila who, under Septimius Severus, was praefect of Egypt, and became remarkable by his persecution of the Christians. (Majansius, Comm. ad 30 Juriscon. Fragm. vol. ii. p. 288; Otto, in Praef. Thes. vol. i. p. 13; Zimmern, Röm. Rech
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Vologeses IV. (search)
Arsaces Xxix. or Vologeses IV. VOLOGESES IV., probably ascended the throne in the reign of Commodus. In the contest between Pescennius Niger and Severus for the empire, A. D. 193, the Parthians sent troops to the assistance of the former ; and accordingly when Niger was conquered, Severus marched against the Parthians. He was accompanied by a brother of Vologeses. His invasion was quite unexpected and completely successful. He took Ctesiphon after an obstinate resistance in A. D. 199, and gave it to his soldiers to plunder, but did not permanently occupy it. Herodian appears to be mistaken in saying that this happened in the reign of Artabanus. (Herodian. 3.1, 9, 10; D. C. 75.9; Spartian. Sever. cc. 15, 16.) Reimar (ad Dio Cass. l.c.) supposes that this Vologeses is the same Vologeses, son of Sanatruces, king of Armenia, to whom, Dio Cassius tells us, that Severus granted part of Armenia; but the account of Dio Cassius is very confused. On the death of Vologeses IV., at the beginning
Clarus 5. C. JULIUS ERUCIUS CLARUS, probably the son of No. 4, was consul in A. D. 193, with Q. Sosius Falco. The emperor Commodus had determined to murder both consuls, as they entered upon their office on the st of January, but he was himself assassinated on the preceding day. (D. C. 67.22; Capitol. Pertin. 15.) After the death of Niger, who had been one of the claimants to the vacant throne, Severus wished Clarus to turn informer, and accuse persons falsely of having assisted Niger, partly with the view of destroying the character of Clarus, and partly that the wellknown integrity of Clarus might give an appearance of justice to the unjust judgments that might be pronounced. But as Clarus refused to discharge this disgraceful office, he was put to death by Severus. (D. C. 74.9; Spartian. Sever. 13.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
the first of that of Commodus. He had then attained the senatorial age of twentyfive, and was raised to the rank of a Roman senator ; but he did not obtain any honours under Commodus, except the aedileship and quaestorship, and it was not till A. D. 193, in the reign of Pertinax, that he gained the office of praetor. During the thirteen years of the reign of Commodus, Dio Cassius remained at Rome, and devoted his time partly to pleading in the courts of justice, and thus assisting his friends, and partly in collecting materials for a history of Commodus, of whose actions he was a constant eye-witness. After the fall of this emperor, Dion, with the other senators, voted for the elevation of Pertinax, A. D. 193, who was his friend, and who immediately promoted him to the praetorship, which however he did not enter upon till the year following, the first of the reign of Septimius Severus. During the short reign of Pertinax Dio Cassius enjoyed the emperor's friendship, and conducted hi
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Eudo'xius Heros (search)
them " optimam sui memoriam in Legibus reliquerunt," for the imperatorial constitutions were often called Leges, as distinguished from the Jus of the jurists. In Basil, ii. p. 614, Thalelaeus, who survived Justinian, classes Eudoxius among the older teachers, and cites his exposition of a constitution of Severus and Antoninus of A. D. 199, which appears in Cod. 2. tit. 12. s. 4. Again, in Basil. i. pp. 810, 811, is cited his exposition of a constitution of Diocletian and Maximinian, of A. D. 193, which appears in Cod. 2. tit. 4. s. 18, with the interpolated words excepto adulterio. In both these passages, the opinion of Heros Patricius is preferred to that of Eudoxius. In like manner, it appears from the scholiast in the fifth volume of Meerlnian's Thesaurus (JCtorum Graecorum Commentarii, p. 56 ;Basil., ed. Heimbach, i. p. 403) that Domninus, Demosthenes, and Eudoxitts, differed from Patricius in their construction of a constitution of the emperor Alexander, of A. D. 224, and tha
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Falco, Q. So'sius a Roman of high birth and great wealth, consul for the year A. D. 193, one of those whom Commodus had resolved to put to death that very night on which he himself was slain. When the Praetorians became disgusted with the reforms of Pertinax, they endeavoured to force the acceptance of the throne upon Falco, and actually proclaimed him emperor. The plot, however, failed, and many of the ringleaders were put to death; but Falco, whose guilt was by no means proved, and who was even believed by many to be entirely innocent, was spared, and, retiring to his property, died a natural death. (D. C. 72.22, 73.8; Capitolin. Pertin. 8.) [W.R]
He'lvia Gens plebeian, occurs only once in the Fasti--the ovation of M. Helvius Blasio, B. C. 195 [BLASIO]--and was first rescued from obscurity by the election of P. Helvius Pertinax to the empire, A. D. 193. The Helvia gens contained in the time of the republic the surnames BLASIO, CINNA, MANCIA. A few are mentioned without a cognomen. [W.B.D]
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