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the Roman generals in the campaign of A. D. 15. On account of his services in this war he obtained the honour of the triumphal ornaments. (Tac. Ann. 1.29, 56, 72.) He was in Rome in the following year, A. D. 16 (2.32); and four years afterwards (A. D. 20), he succeeded Camillus, as proconsul, in the government of Africa. He carried on the war against Tacfarinas, and enforced military discipline with great severity. (3.21.) Hewas subsequently the propraetor of lower Germany, when the Frisii revole propraetor of lower Germany, when the Frisii revolted, and seems to have lost his life in the war against them. (4.73, compared with 11.19.) Apronius had two daughters: one of whom was married to Plautius Silvanus, and was murdered by her husband (4.22); the other was married to Lentulus Gaetulicus, consul in A. D. 26. (6.30.) He had a son, L. Apronius Caesianus, who accompanied his father to Africa in A. D. 20 (3.21), and who was consul for six months with Caligula in A. D. 39. (D. C. 59.13.)
Aspre'nas 2. L. Asprenas, a legate under his maternal uncle, Varus, A. D. 10, preserved the Roman army from total destruction after the death of Varus. (D. C. 56.22; Vell. 2.120.) He is probably the same as the L. Nonius Asprenas who was consul A. D. 6, and as the L. Asprenas mentioned by Tacitus, who was proconsul of Africa at the death of Augustus, A. D. 14, and who, according to some accounts, sent soldiers, at the command of Tiberius, to kill Sempronius Gracchus. (Tac. Ann. 1.53.) He is mentioned again by Tacitus, under A. D. 20. (Ann. 3.18.)
De'crius commanded a stronghold in Africa during the insurrection of Tacfarinas in A. D. 20. He was a brave and skilful soldier, and led his men out to an open battle, as he did not like the inactivity of a besieged. He had only a few soldiers, and they were not of the best kind; but although he was seriously wounded, he continued to fight like a lion, until he fell. (Tac. Ann. 3.20.) [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Florus, Annaeus (?). Works Epitome de Gestis Romanorum We possess a summary of Roman history, divided into four books, extending from the foundation of the city to the establishment of the empire under Augustus (A. D. 20), entitled Rerum Romanarum Libri IV., or Epitome de Gestis Romanorum, and composed, as we learn from the prooemium, in the reign of Trajan or of Hadrian. This compendium, which must by no means be regarded as an abridgment of Livy, but as a compilation from various authorities, presents within a very moderate compass a striking view of all the leading events comprehended by the above limits. A few mistakes in chronology and geography have been detected here and there ; but the narrative is, for the most part, philosophic in arrangement and accurate in detail, although it has too much the air of a panegyric upon the Roman people. The style is by no means worthy of commendation. The general tone is far too poetical and declamatory, while the sentiments frequently a
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
two sons, but both Lepida and her children died, and Galba never married again, although Agrippina, afterwards the wile of Claudius, did all she could to win his attachment. He was a man of great wealth, and a favourite of Livia, the wife of Augustus, through whose influence he obtained the consulship. She also left him a considerable legacy, of which, however, he was deprived by Tiberius. He was invested with the curule offices before attaining the legitimate age. After his praetorship, in A. D. 20, he had the administration of the province of Aquitania. In A. D. 33 he was raised to the consulship on the recommendation of Livia Drusilla, and after this he distinguished himself in the administration of the province of Gaul, A. D. 39, where he carried on a successful war against the Germans, and restored discipline among the troops. The Germans had invaded Gaul, but after severe losses they were compelled by Galba to return to their own country. On the death of Caligula many of his frie
ten by eye-witnesses, the companions of his voyage to Rome, supposed to be Philo, a deacon of Tarsus or some other church in Cilicia, and Rheus Agathopus, a Syrian, who are mentioned in the Epistles of Ignatius (Ad Philadelph. 100.11; Ad Smyrneos, 100.13). Usher adds to them a third person, Gaius, but on what authority we know not, and Gallandius adds Crocus mentioned by Ignatius (Ad Romanos, 100.10). The account, with many interpolations, is incorporated in the work of Symeon Metaphrastes (A. D. 20, Dec.), and a Latin translation from him is given by Surius, De Probatis Sanctor. Vitis, and in the Acta Sanctorum, under the date of the 1st of Feb. The Martyrium was first printed in Latin by archbishop Usher, who gave two distinct versions from different MSS. The Greek text was first printed by Ruinart in his Acta Martyrum Sincera (4to. Paris, 1689) from a MS. in the Colbertine library, and in a revised edition in Le Clerc's Cotelerius. It is given by Jacobson and by most of the later ed
Ju'lia 9. Daughter of Drusus [DRUSUS CAESAR, No. 16] and Livia, the sister of Germanicus. She married, A. D. 20, her first cousin, Nero, son of Germanicus and Agrippina (Tac.. Ann. 3.29; Dio Cass. Iviii. 21), and was one of the many spies with whom her mother and Sejanus surrounded that unhappy prince. (Tac. Ann. 4.60.) After Nero's death Julia married Rubellius Blandus, by whom she had a son, Rubellius Plautus. (rac. Ann. 6.27, 45, 16.10; Juv. Sat. 8.40.) [BLANDUS.] As Blandus was merely the grandson of a Roman eques of Tibur, the marriage was considered degrading to Julia. She too, like the preceding, incurred the hatred of Messalina, and, her instigation, was put to death by Claudius, A. D. 59. (Tac. Ann. 13.43; D. C. 60.18; Suet. Cl. 29; Sen. de Mort. Claud.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Le'pida, Aemi'lia 2. The sister of M'. Aemilius Lepidus, who was consul A. D. 11. [LEPIDUS, No. 25.] She was descended from L. Sulla and Cn. Pompey, and was at one time destined for the wife of L. Caesar, the grandson of Augustus. She was, however, subsequently married to P. Quirinus, who divorced her, and who, twenty years after the divorce, in A. D. 20, accused her of having falsely pretended to have had a son by him: at the same time she was charged with adultery, poisoning, and having consulted the Chaldaeans for the purpose of injuring the imperial family. Though she was a woman of abandoned character, her prosecution by her former husband excited much compassion among the people; but as Tiberius, notwithstanding his dissimulation, was evidently in favour of the prosecution, Lepida was condemned by the senate, and interdicted from fire and water. (Tac. Ann. 3.22, 23; Suet. Tib. 49.)
Le'pidus 25. M'. Aemilius Lepidus, Q. F., the son apparently of No. 21, was consul with T. Statilius Taurus in A. D. 11. (D. C. 56.25.) He must be carefully distinguished from his contemporary M. Aemilius Lepidus, with whom he is frequently confounded. [See No. 23.] Though we cannot trace the descent of this M'. Lepidus [see No. 21], yet among his ancestors on the female side were L. Sulla and Cn. Pompey. (Tac. Ann. 3.22.) It is perhaps this M'. Lepidus who defended Piso in A. D. 20; and it was undoubtedly this Lepidus who defended his sister later in the same year. [LEPIDA, No. 2.] In A. D. 21 he obtained the province of Asia, but Sex. Pompey declared in the senate that Lepidus ought to be deprived of it, because he was indolent, poor, and a disgrace to his ancestors, but the senate would not listen to Pompey, maintaining that Lepidus was of an easy rather than a slothful character, and that the manner in which he had lived on his small patrimony was to his honour rather than his dis
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Clau'dius 20. M. Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus, M. F., son of the preceding. When a boy he broke his leg while acting in the Trojan games before Augustus, a circumstance of which his grandfather, Asinius Pollio, complained so loudly that the custom was abolished. (Suet. Oct. 43.) He was trained with much care by his grandfather in all kinds of oratorical exercises, and gave much promise as an orator. (Senec. Epit. Control. lib. iv. praef.) In A. D. 20 he was one of those whom Piso requested to undertake his defence on the charge of having poisoned Germanicus, but he declined the office. (Tac. Ann 3.11.) It is probable that ASINIUS MARCELLUS who is mentioned by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 14.40) as a great-grandson of Pollio, was a son of this Aeserninus.
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