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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 7 7 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 3 3 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, APOLLO PALATINUS, AEDES (search)
18; FUR frgs. I, 418, 421), or area aedis Apollinis (CIL vi. 32327, 23, ludi saec. a. 203). The Sibylline books were brought here from the temple of Jupiter on the Capitol and placed beneath the pedestal of the statue of Apollo (Suet. Aug. 29; Verg. Aen. vi. 72 and Serv. ad loc.; Tib. ii. 5. 17), and they were saved when the temple itself was burned (see below). Part of the ceremony of the ludi saeculares took place at this temple (CIL vi. name. 32323, 32, 139, a. 17 B.C.; 32327, 7, 23, a. 203 A.D.), and it is mentioned incidentally by Tacitus (Hist. i. 27; iii. 65) and in Hist. Aug. Claud. 4 in connection with a meeting of the senate. It is mentioned in the Notitia (Reg. X), but was burned down on 18th March, 363 (Amm. xxiii. 3. 3) Besides Palatinus, the usual epithet of the god worshipped in this temple we find navalis (Prop. iv. 1. 3), Actius Applied because Augustus attributed the victory of Actium (31 B.C.) to the intervention of Apollo. (ib. iv. 6. 67), Actiacus (Ov. Met xii
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ARCUS SEPTIMII SEVERI (search)
ARCUS SEPTIMII SEVERI * the arch erected in 203 A.D. in honour of Severus and his sons Geta and Caracalla, at the north-west corner of the forum, in front of the temple of Concord. This information is contained in the dedicatory inscription (CIL vi. 1033; cf. 31230) on both sides of the attic of the arch, which is still standing. The original bronze letters of this inscription have disappeared, but their matrices remain, and it can be seen that the name of Geta was chiselled away after his murder, and the space filled up with additional titles of Severus and Caracalla. The arch is triple and built of Pentelic marble on a foundation of travertine, which was concealed by the flight of steps that formed the approach to the arch from the forum side. Later, probably in the fourth century, the level in front of the arch on this side was lowered, the flight of steps lengthened, and the top of the foundation cut away to provide for them (CR 1899, 233; Mitt. 1902, 21-22). The exposed c
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, DIVORUM, AEDES (search)
DIVORUM, AEDES a temple of the Divi, that is, the deified emperors, on the Palatine, mentioned three times in inscriptions of the Arvales as a place of assembling (CIL vi. 32379, 145 A.D.; 2087; 2104, 218 A.D.; DE i. 177), and probably referred to by Cassius Dio (lxxvi. 3: qewri/ais toi=s e)v tw= *palati/w| h(/rwsi pepoihme/nais( 203 A.D.). This seems to have been a new temple, which served for the collective worship of the divi Augusti, after the observance of their separate cults began to fall into disuse (HJ 81-82; WR 347; cf. Gilb. iii. 131-133).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, L. FABIUS CILO, DOMUS (search)
L. FABIUS CILO, DOMUS presented by Septimius Severus to Cilo, his intimate friend and praefectus urbi in 203 A.D. (Viet. Ep. 20. 6; Pros. ii. 45. 20). It is mentioned in the Regionary Catalogue in Region XII, and on an inseribed lead pipe (CIL xv. 7447) found near S. Balbina, on the Aventine (Bull. d. Inst. 1859, 164; NS 1884, 223; BC 1916, 198). Considerable remains of substructions, of an earlier date, however, still exist on the way up to and under the monastery, while the church itself was formed out of a rectangular hall of the house (Mon. L. i. 490). A fragment (43, cf. 58) of the Marble Plan may also indicate this house (LR 543; HJ 88 ; RE vi. 1767 ; ZA 279-280); Kirsch, Rem. Titelkirehen, 94-96).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTICUS OCTAVIAE (search)
ame of Octavia (Suet. Aug. 29; Cass. Dio xlix. 43; Liv. Ep. 138) at some time after 27 B.C. (cf. Vitr. iii 2. 5), in place of the PORTICUS METELLI (q.v.; Veil. i. I ) around the temples of Jupiter Stator and Juno (Plin. NH xxxvi. 42). The statement of Cassius Dio that it was built after 33 B.C. from the spoils of the war in Dalmatia, is due to confusion with the porticus Octavia. It was burned in 80 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24) and restored, probably by Domitian, and again after a second fire in 203 by Severus and Caracalla (CIL vi. 1034). It was adorned with foreign marble (Ov. AA i. 70), and contained many famous works of art (Plin. NH xxxiv. 31; xxxv. 114, 139; xxxvi. 15, 22, 24, 28, 34, 35; cf. Neapolis ii. 234 n.). Besides the TEMPLES (q.v.) there were within the enclosure a BIBLIOTHECA (q.v.) erected by Octavia in memory of the youthful Marcellus (Suet. de gramm. 21; Plut. Marc. 30), a curia Octaviae (Plin. NH xxxvi. 28), and a schola (ib. xxxv. 114) or scholae (ib. xxxvi. 22). Whe
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SEPTIZONIUM (search)
is aedibus, id est regium atrium, ab ea parte facere voluisse perhibetur. quod etiam post Alexander cum vellet facere, ab haruspicibus dicitur esse prohibitus, cum hoc sciscitans non litasset; cf. Hist. Aug. Geta 7; Chron. 147; Hieron. ad a. Abr. 2216: Severo imperante thermae Severianae apud Antiochiam et Romam factae et Septizonium exstructum; Cassiod.: Septizodium instructum est; Not. Reg. X: Septizonium divi Severi). The inscription (CIL vi. 1032, 31229) records the dedication in 203 A.D.; and the building is undoubtedly referred to by Amm. Marc. in 355 (15. 7. 3: cum plebs excita calore quo consuevit. . ad Septemzodium convenisset celebrum locum ubi operis ambitiosi nymfaeum Marcus condidit imperator) when the mention of Marcus instead of Severus is due to the fact that the name Marcus appears first in the dedicatory inscription. According to the Vita, therefore, Severus intended this building to serve as a monumental faSade at this corner of the hill, visible to all
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Castra Equitum Singularium, 105; Balneae (?), 70; strengthens aqueduct of Nero, 41: Septem Domus Parthorum, 187: so-called Domus Gelotiana under Palatine, 162: house of Clemens, 177; Julia Domna restores House of Vestals, 60, and Temple of Vesta, 558; alterations in the barracks of first Cohort of Vigiles, 129. 196Repairs to Aqua Marcia, 25. 197Domus Lateranorum, 183. 197-198Terminal stones of Tiber banks, 538. 202Pantheon restored, 383. 203Porticus of Octavia restored after a fire, 427. Arch of Severus in Forum, 43. (ca.). Domus Cilonis, 176. 204Arch of Severus in the Forum Boarium, 44. 209-211Restorations to Pompey's Theatre, 517. 211-217Reign of Caracalla: he constructs Via Nova, 565; builds Aqua Antoniniana, 26, 32: Pons Aurelius (?), 399; enlarges ianuae of Circus Maximus, 117; builds Temple of Serapis, 487, 492. 211-216Thermae Antoninianae, 520. Probable date of so-called Arc
Apronia'nus 3. APRONIANUS, governor of the province of Asia, was unjustly condemned to death in his absence, A. D. 203. (D. C. 76.8.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Geta, P. Septi'mius a brother of Septimius Severus, after having held the offices of quaestor, praetor of Crete, and of Cyrene, was elevated to the consulship in A. D. 203, along with Plautianus [PLAUTIANUS], and appears at one time to have entertained hopes of being preferred to his nephews. He is said to have revealed to the emperor with his dying breath the ambitious schemes of Plautianus, whom he hated, but no longer feared; and it is certain that from this period the influence of the favourite began to wane. (D. C. 76.2; Spartian. Sept. Sev. 8, 10, 14; Gruter, Corpus Inscripp. mxcix. 7.) [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
e was tormented. But the high fortunes of this second Sejanus were short-lived. having soon discovered the dislike cherished by Caracalla towards both his daughter and himself, and looking forward with apprehension to the downfall which awaited him upon the death of the sovereign, he resolved to anticipate these threatened disasters by effecting the destruction of his benefactor and of his son-in-law. His treachery was discovered, he was suddenly summoned to the palace, and there put to death in A. D. 203. His property was confiscated, his daughter banished, and his name erased from the public monuments on wkich it had been inscribed side by side with those of the emperor and the royal We ought to remark that the treason of Plautianus rests upon the testimony of Herodian, for Dio Cassius rather leans to the belief that this charge was fabricated by Caracalla for the ruin of an obnoxious favourite. (D. C. 75.14-16, 76.2-9, 77.1; Herodian, 3.13.7, 4.6.7; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 224.) [W.R]