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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 8 8 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 5 5 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 15. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 204 AD or search for 204 AD in all documents.

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Alexander (*)Ale/candros), ST., HIEROSOLYMITANUS, a disciple, first, of Pantaenus, then of St. Clement, at Alexandria, where he became acquainted with Origen, (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.14,) was bishop of Flaviopolis, (Tillemont, Hist. Eccl. 3.415,) in Cappadocia. (S. Hier. Vir. Ill. § 62.) In the persecution under Severus he was thrown into prison, (circ. A. D. 204, Euseb. 6.11,) where he remained till Asclepiades succeeded Serapion at Antioch, A. D. 211, the beginning of Caracalla's reign. (See [a] the Epistle St. Alexander sent to the Antiochenes by St. Clement of Alexandria, Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.11.) Eusebius relates (l.c.), that by Divine revelation he became coadjutor bishop to Narcissus, bishop of Aelia, i. e. Jerusalem, A. D. 212. (See Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.8; Chronic. ad A. D. 228, and Alexander's [b] Epistle to the Antinoites ap. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.11.) During his episcopate of nearly forty years (for he continued bishop on the death of St. Narcissus), he collected a valuable
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
nsisted of four books at least. (Dig. 45. tit. 1. s. 101.) Other works were, De Ritu Nuptiarunm, De Differentia Dotis, and the single treatises De Legatis et Fideicommissis, and De Testamentis, which are mentioned in the Florentine Index. The Florentine Index does not mention the Libi tad Quintlum MIcium, though there are two excerpts from this work in the Digest, from the fourteenth and thirty-first books respectively. (Dig. 41. tit. 1. s. 53, 54.) A rescript of the emperors Septimius Severus and Antoninus Caracalla, A. D. 204 (Cod. 4. tit. 2. s. 1), can hardly have been directed to this Modestinus, who lived to the time of Gordian; for it is dated thirty-five years before the time of Gordian, and, besides this, the demand of Modestinus is characterised as neither equitable nor usual. (G. Grotius, Vitae Jurisconsultorum, &c.; Puchta, Cursus der Institutionen, vol. i. p. 459; Zimmern, Geschichte des Rom. Privatrechts, p. 383; Fabretti, Inscript. Antiq., Romae. 1699, p. 278.) [G.L]
Soe'mis or SOAE'MIAS, JU'LIA, the daughter of Julia Maesa, and the mother of Elagabalus, either by her husband Sextus Varius Marcellus, or, according to the report industriously circulated with her own consent, by Caracalla. Of her early history we know nothing, but it is manifest that she must have been living at the Roman court under the protection of her aunt Julia Domna, about A. D. 204, otherwise the story with regard to the origin of her son, who was born in the following year, would have been palpably impossible. In the battle which transferred the empire from Macrinus to Elagabalus, she is said to have decided the fortune of the day, having succeeded in rallying the flving soldiers by prayers and entreaties, and by placing her boy in their path. Being forthwith created Augusta, she became the chosen counsellor of the youthful prince, and seems to have encouraged and shared his follies and enormities. She took a place in the senate, which then, for the first time, witnessed
lorious crown of a martyr in exchange for the impure crown which he had rejected. Neander imagines that the largess alluded to was bestowed upon the army after the victory of Severus over the Parthians, in which case we may assign this piece to A. D. 204. 16. De Virginibus velandis. It was the practice in Africa for married women only to wear veils, while maidens appeared in public uncovered. The latter custom is here denounced as contrary to nature, contrary to the will of God, and contraryt the termination of the civil war by the death of Niger (A. D. 194) and of Albinus (A. D. 197). Others believe that the preparations referred to were for the Secular Games, which commemorated the completion of the eighth great century of Rome (A. D. 204). This diversity of opinion upon such a point is in itself sufficient to prove that the historical allusions are of a vague and general character. 25. De Idololatria. Composed for the purpose of warning Christians that not those only were gu