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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK II. AN ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD AND THE ELEMENTS., CHAP. 86. (81.)—WONDERFUL CIRCUMSTANCES ATTENDING EARTHQUAKES. (search)
in the Universal History, xiv. 129, 130. We are informed by Hardouin, that coins are still in existence which were struck to commemorate the liberality of the emperor on the occasion, inscribed "civitatibus Asiæ restitutis." Lemaire, i. 410., by which twelve cities of Asia were laid prostrate in one night. They occurred the most frequently during the Punic war, when we had accounts brought to Rome of fifty-seven earthquakes in the space of a single year. It was during this yearU.C. 537; A.C. 217. that the Carthaginians and the Romans, who were fighting at the lake Thrasimenus, were neither of them sensible of a very great shock during the battleThis circumstance is mentioned by Livy, xxii. 5, and by Florus, ii. 6.. Nor is it an evil merely consisting in the danger which is produced by the motion; it is all equal or a greater evil when it is considered as a prodigy"Præsagiis, inquit, quam ipsa clade, sæviores sunt terræ motus." Alexander in Lemaire, i. 410.. The city of Rome never exp
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SEP. C. ET L. CAESARIS (search)
SEP. C. ET L. CAESARIS a mnhmei=on or tomb of Gaius and Lucius Caesar, in which the body of Julia Domna was placed in 217 A.D. before being deposited in the mausoleum of Hadrian (Cass. Dio lxxviii. 24). This passage seems to prove that these two Caesars had a separate tomb and that their ashes were not placed in the mausoleum of Augustus. See p. 333, and p. 476, n. i. On the other hand, it is generally believed that a fragmentary inscription (CIL vi. 895 =31195) containing a dedication to Lucius Caesar, although found in the wall of a private house near the Piazza Capranica, belonged to a statue of Lucius in the mausoleum of Augustus. Whatever be the explanation of the statue, it seems unreasonable to doubt the statement of Dio (HJ 572 ; Mitt. 1903, 53 ; Gilb. iii. 306).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE ANTONINIANAE (CARACALLAE) (search)
nd on. the right of the via Appia, a little beyond the porta Capena. Hier. ad Euseb. a. Abr. 2231: Antoninus Romae thermas sui nominis aedificavit, fixes the date of their dedication as 216 A.D. Breval, Remarks on Several Parts of Europe, Ser. I (1726), ii. 259, saw the letters .... ONINI on the exterior, perhaps a fragment of the dedicatory inscription; cf. Aur. Victor. Caesar. 21: ad lavandum absoluto opere pulcri cultus; quibus confectis cum Syriam circumgrederetur, anno potentiae sexto (217 A.D.) moritur (from which Hist. Aug. Carac. 9 is probably derived); cf. also Eutrop. 8. 20; Chron. 147. The commencement of the building may be fixed by the fact that the brickstamps with Geta's name not yet erased (CIL xv. 769. 3, 4), which have been found in use in its construction, can only belong to the period between February 211 and February 212. A quarry mark with the consular date 206 A.D. upon a mass of Greek statuary marble (Ann. d. Inst. 1870, p. 193, No. 279) has nothing to do with t
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
tre, 517. 211-217Reign of Caracalla: he constructs Via Nova, 565; builds Aqua Antoniniana, 26, 32: Pons Aurelius (?), 399; enlarges ianuae of Circus Maximus, 117; builds Temple of Serapis, 487, 492. 211-216Thermae Antoninianae, 520. Probable date of so-called Arch of Drusus, 32. Murder of Geta: inscriptions on Arches altered, 43, 44. 212-213Caracalla repairs and increases Marcia, 25-26. 215-245Excubitorium of the seventh Cohort of Vigiles, 129. 217Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) struck by lightning and partly burnt, 6. 218-222Reign of Elagabalus. 221Temple of Elagabalus dedicated, 199. Constructions on Palatine, 379. Senaculum Mulierum on Quirinal, 471. 222-235Reign of Alexander Severus: he decorates Temple of Isis, 284: of Juppiter Ultor (?), 307: Aqua Alexandrina, 20: buildings on Palatine, 379; restores Stadium of Domitian, 495: Balnea, 68: Basilica Alexandrina, 76:
Agrippi'nus Bishop of Carthage, of venerable memory, but known for being the first to maintain the necessity of re-baptizing all heretics. (Vincent. Lirinens. Commonit. 1.9.) St. Cyprian regarded this opinion as the correction of an error (S. Augustin. De Baptismo, 2.7, vol. ix. p. 102, ed. Bened.), and St. Augustine seems to imply he defended his error in writing. (Epist. 93, c. 10.) He held the Council of 70 Bishops at Carthage about A. D. 200 (Vulg. A. D. 215, Mans. A. D. 217) on the subject of Baptism. Though he erred in a matter yet undefined by the Church, St. Augustine notices that neither he nor St. Cyprian thought of separating from the Church. (De Baptismo, 3.2, p. 109.) [A.J.C]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Artabanus IV. (search)
hter of Artabanus in marriage; and when Artabanus went to meet him unarmed with a great number of his nobility, Caracalla treacherously fell upon them and put the greater number to the sword; Artabanus himself escaped with difficulty. Dio Cassius merely relates that Artabanus refused to give his daughter in marriage to Caracalla, and that the latter laid waste in consequence the countries bordering upon Media. During the winter Artabanus raised a very large army, and in the following year, A. D. 217, marched against the Romans. Macrinus, who had meantime succeeded Caracalla, advanced to meet him; and a desperate battle was fought near Nisibis, which continued for two days, but without victory to either side. At the commencement of the third day, Macrinus sent an embassy to Artabanus, informing him of the death of Caracalla, with whom the Parthian king was chiefly enraged, and offering to restore the prisoners and treasures taken by Caracalla, and to pay a large stun of money besides.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Diadu'imenia'nus (search)
Diadu'imenia'nus or DIADUMENUS, M. OPE'LIUS, the son of M. Opelius Macrinus and Nonia Celsa, was born on the 19th of September, A. D. 208. When his father was elevated to the purple, after the murder of Caracalla on the 8th of March, A. D. 217, Diadumenianus received the titles of Caesar, Princeps Juventutis, Antoninus, and eventually of Imperator and Augustus also. Upon the victory of Elagabalus, he was sent to the charge of Artabanus, the Parthian king, but was betrayed and put to death about the same time with Macrinus. This child is celebrated on account of his surpassing beauty by Lampridius, who declares, that he shone resplendent like a heavenly star, and was beloved by all who looked upon him on account of his surpassing grace and comeliness. From his maternal grandfather he inherited the name of Diadumenus, which upon his quasi-adoption into the family of the Antonines was changed into Diadumenianus. (D. C. 78.4, 17, 19, 34, 38-40; Herodian. 5.9; Lamprid. Diadumen.; Capi
ng the dagger against his mother also. Upon learning the successful issue of the rebellion of Macrinus, Julia at first resolved not to survive the loss of her son and of her dignities, but having been kindly treated by the conqueror, she for a while indulged in bright anticipations. Her proceedings, however, excited a suspicion that she was tampering with the troops : she was abruptly commanded to quit Antioch, and, returning to her former resolution, she abstained from food, and perished, A. D. 217. Her body was transported to Rome, and deposited in the sepulchre of Caius and Lucius Caesar, but afterwards removed by her sister, Maesa, along with the bones of Geta, to the cemetery of the Antonines. There can be little doubt that Domna was her proper Syrian name, analogous to the designations of Maesa, Soaemias, and Mammaaca, borne by other members of the same family. The idea that it is to be regarded as a contraction for domina, and was employed because the latter would have been
Macri'nus Roman emperor, April, A. D. 217--June, A. D. 218. M. OPELIUS (OR OPILIUS) MACRINUS, afterwards M. OPELIUS SEVERUS MACRINUS, at whose instigation Caracalla was assassinated, when marching to encounter the Parthians, was a native of Caesareia in Mauritania, and was born of very humble parents, in the year A. D. 164. Having been recommended to the notice of Plautianus, the all-powerful favourite of Septimius Severus, he was admitted into his employment, and narrowly escaped being involv by Caracalla, and discharged the duties of that high office with the greatest prudence and integrity, whenever he was permitted to follow the dictates of his own inclinations uncontrolled. The death of Caracalla took place on the 8th of April, A. D. 217 [CARACALLA], and on the 11th Macrinus, who had hitherto abstained from coming forward openly, lest he might be suspected of having participated in the plot, having, through the secret agency of his friends, succeeded in gaining over the soldier
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcia'nus, Ae'lius a Roman jurist, who wrote after the death of Septimius Severus, whom he calls Divus (Dig. 50. tit.4. s. 7). Another passage (48. tit. 17. s. 1 ) shows that he was then writing under Antoninus Caracalla, the son and successor of Severus. It also appears from his Institutions, that he survived Caracalla (Dig. 35. tit. 1. s. 33; Cod. 9. tit. 8. s. 8 ). It is therefore probable that he also wrote under Alexander Severus, whose reign commnenced A. D. 222. Caracalla died A. D. 217. Another Aelius Marcianus is cited in the Digest, who was proconsul of Baetica in the time of Antoninus Pius (Dig. 1. tit. 6. s. 2, where Ulpian gives the rescript of Pius addressed to this Marcianus). The works of Marcianus, front which there are excerpts in the Digest, are :--Sixteen books of Institttiones, from which there are excerpts in the Digest : this work was also used for the compilation of Justinian's Institutions (compare Inst. 4. tit. 3. s. 1, and Dig. 32. s. 65.4; Inst. 2. tit.
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