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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agrippa, D. Hate'rius called by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 2.51) the propinquus of Germanicus, was tribune of the plebs A. D. 15, praetor A. D. 17, and consul A. D. 22. His moral character was very low, and he is spoken of in A. D. 32, as plotting the destruction of many illustrious men. (Tac. Ann. 1.77, 2.51, 3.49, 52, 6.4.)
C. Bi'bulus an aedile mentioned by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 3.52) in the reign of Tiberius, A. D. 22, appears to be the same as the L. Publicius Bibulus, a plebeian aedile, to whom the senate granted a burial-place both for himself and his posterity. (Orelli, Inscr. n. 4698.)
Blaesus a Roman jurist, not earlier than Trebatius Testa, the friend of Cicero: for Blaesus is cited by Labeo in the Digest (33. tit. 2. s. 31) as reporting the opinion of Trebatius. Various conjectures have been made without much plausibility for the purpose of identifying the jurist with other persons of the same name. Junius Blaesus, proconsul of Africa in A. D. 22, was probably somewhat later than the jurist. (Majansius, vol. ii. p. 162; G. Grotii, Vita Ictorum, 9.18.) [J.T.G]
who is said to have believed his assassin to have been his own son; but this cannot have been, for Caesar was only fifteen years older than the younger Brutus. Scandal went so far as to assert, that Tertia, like her mother, was one of Caesar's mistresses; and Suetonius (Suet. Jul. 30) has preserved a double entendre of Cicero in allusion to Servilia's supposed connivance at her daughter's shame. This anecdote refers to a time subsequent to the death of the elder Brutus. The death of Tertia, A. D. 22, when she must have been very old, is recorded by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 3.76), who states that the images of twenty of the noblest families graced her funeral; " sed praefulgebant Cassius atque Brutus, eo ipso, quod effigies eorum non visebantur." The knowledge of these family connexions gives additional interest to the history of the times. Though the reputed dishonour of his wife did not prevent the father from actively espousing the political party to which Caesar belonged, yet it is poss
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
with the jurisdiction of the senate, and deprecated the impunity of such an atrocious delinquent as L. Ennius. " Let the emperor," said he, " be as slow as he likes in avenging his merely private griefs, but let his generosity have some limits--let it stop short of giving away the wrongs of the state." The men understood each other. The mock magnanimity of the emperor was proof against the mock remonstrance of the lawyer. (Tac. Ann. 3.70.) Shortly after this disgraceful scene Capito died, A. D. 22. Fragments It is remarkable that, notwithstanding the great legal reputation of Capito, not a single pure extract from any of his works occurs in the Digest, though there are a few quotations from him at second hand. His works may have perished before the time of Justinian, though some of them must have existed in the fifth century, as they are cited by Macrobius. It may be that he treated but little of private law, and that his public law soon became superannuated. Capito is quoted in
year Tiberius sent him to Illyricum, not only to teach him the art of war, and to make him popular with the soldiery, but to remove him from the dissipations of the city. It is not easy to determine the exact scene of his operations, but he succeeded in fomenting dissension among the Germanic tribes, and destroyed the power of Maroboduus. For these successes an ovation was decreed to him by the senate. In the year A. D. 21, he was consul a second time, and the emperor was his colleague. In A. D. 22, he was promoted to the still higher dignity of the " tribunicia potestas," a title devised by Augustus to avoid the obloquy attending the name of king or dictator. By this title subsequent emperors counted the years of their reign upon their coins. It rendered the power of intercession and the sacrosanct character of tribunus plebis compatible with patrician birth. To confer it upon Drusus was clearly to point him out as the intended successor to the empire. (Ann. 3.56.) On one occasion
Galba 12. C. Sulpicius Galba, a son of No. 11, and father of the emperor Galba. He was consul in A. D. 22, with D. Haterius Agrippa. He was humpbacked, and an orator of moderate power. He was married to Mummia Achaica, a great granddaughter of Mummius, the destroyer of Corinth. After her death he married Livia Ocellina, a wealthy and beautiful woman. By his former wife he had two sons, Caius and Servius. The former of them is said by Suetonius (Galb. 3) to have made away with himself, because Tiberius would not allow him to enter on his proconsulship ; but as it is not known that he ever was consul, it is more probable that Suetonius is mistaken, and that what he relates of the son Caius applies to his father, C. Sulpicius Galba, who, according to Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 6.40), put an end to himself in A. D. 36. [L.S] To which of the preceding P. Galbae the following coin belongs is doubtful. It has on the obverse a female head, and on the reverse a culter, a simpuvium, and a secespita,
Ju'nia 3. Junia Tertia, or TERTULLA, own sister of the preceding, and consequently half-sister of M. Brutus. The enemies of the dictator, Caesar, spread abroad the report that her mother, Servilia, had introduced her to Caesar's favour, when she herself became advanced in years. Tertia was the wife of C. Cassius, one of Caesar's murderers; but she survived her husband a long while, for she did not die till the sixty-fourth year after the battle of Philippi, A. D. 22, under the reign of Tiberius. Her property was very large; but though she left legacies to almost all the great men of Rome, she passed over the emperor Tiberius. He did not, however, resent the slight, but allowed her funeral to be celebrated with all the usual honours: the ancestral images of twenty illustrious houses were carried before her bier; "but Cassius and Brutus," says the historian, "shone before all the others, from the fact that their statues were not seen." (Suet. Cues. 50; Macr. 2.2; Cic. Att. 14.20, 15.11
Lentulus 37. CN. CORNELIUS CN. F. LENTULUS AUGUR, consul B. C. 14, with M. Licinius Crassus. He was a man of immense weath, but of a mean and pusillanimous spirit. His wealth excited the avarice of Tiberius, who caused him so much fear that at length he put an end to his life, leaving his fortune to the emperor (D. C. 54.12; Senec. de Benef. 2.27; Suet. Tib. 49). This Cn. Lentulus, who is always spoken of as Augur, must not be confounded with Cn. Lentulus Gaetulicus [No. 39]. (See Lipsius, ad Tac. Ann. 4.44.) The Augur Lentulus spoken of by Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 3.59) in A. D. 22, must, therefore, be the same as the preceding.
rname of Gaetulicus and the ornamenta triumphalia. (D. C. 55.28; Veil. Pat. 2.116; Flor. 4.12.40; Oros. 6.21; Tac. Ann. 4.44.) On the accession of Tiberius in A. D. 14, he accompanied Drusus, who was sent to quell the mutiny of the legions in Pannonia. The mutineers were especially incensed against Lentulus, because they thought that from his age and military glory he would judge their offences most severely; and on one occasion he narrowly escaped death at their hands. Cn. Lentulus is again mentioned in A. D. 16, in the debate in the senate respecting Libo, also in A. D. 22 in the debate respecting Silanus, and again in A. D. 24, when he was falsely accused of majestas, but Tiberius would not allow the charge to be prosecuted. He died A. D. 25, at a very great age, leaving behind him an honourable reputation. He had endured poverty, says Tacitus, with patience, acquired a great fortune by honest means, and enjoyed it with moderation. (Tac. Ann. 1.27, 2.32, 3.68, 4.29,44; D. C. 57.24.)
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