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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
Pons Aurelius (?), 399; enlarges ianuae of Circus Maximus, 117; builds Temple of Serapis, 487, 492. 211-216Thermae Antoninianae, 520. Probable date of so-called Arch of Drusus, 32. Murder of Geta: inscriptions on Arches altered, 43, 44. 212-213Caracalla repairs and increases Marcia, 25-26. 215-245Excubitorium of the seventh Cohort of Vigiles, 129. 217Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) struck by lightning and partly burnt, 6. 218-222Reign of Elagabalus. 221Temple of Elagabalus dedicated, 199. Constructions on Palatine, 379. Senaculum Mulierum on Quirinal, 471. 222-235Reign of Alexander Severus: he decorates Temple of Isis, 284: of Juppiter Ultor (?), 307: Aqua Alexandrina, 20: buildings on Palatine, 379; restores Stadium of Domitian, 495: Balnea, 68: Basilica Alexandrina, 76: Temple of the Dea Suria (?), 148: Diaetae Mammaeae, 149; Shrine of Juppiter Redux in Castra
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
wards bishop of Alexandria. The later Syrian writers state, that he was subsequently made bishop. He was one of the most learned of the early Christian writers. Socrates (Hist. Eccl. 2.35) classes him with Origen and Clement; and it appears from his letter on the History of Susanna, that he was acquainted with Hebrew. Works Chronicon The chief work of Africanus was a Chronicon in five books (penta/biblion xronologiko/n), from the creation of the world, which he placed in 5499 B. C. to A. D. 221, the fourth year of the reign of Elagabalus. This work is lost, but a considerable part of it is extracted by Eusebius in his " Chronicon," and many fragments of it are also preserved by Georgius Syncellus, Cedrenus, and in the Paschale Chronicon. (See Ideler, Handbuch d. Chronol. vol. ii. p. 456, &c.) Editions The fragments of this work are given by Gallandi (Bibl. Pat.), and Routh (Reliquiae Sacrae). Letter to Origen Africanus wrote a letter to Origen impugning the authority of the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Aquilia Seve'ra, Ju'lia> the wife of the emperor Elagabalus, whom he married after divorcing his former wife, Paula. This marriage gave great offence at Rome, since Aquilia was a vestal virgin; but Elagabalus said that he had contracted it in order that divine children might be born from himself, the pontifex maximus, and a vestal virgin. Dio Cassius says, that he did not live with her long; but that after marrying three others successively, he again returned to her. It appears from coins that he could not have married her before A. D. 221. (D. C. 79.9; Herodian. 5.6; Eckhel, vii. p. 259.)
Fausti'na 4. Annia Faustina, a grand-daughter or great-grand-daughter of M. Aurelius, was the third of the numerous wives of Elagabalus. The marriage, as we infer from medals, took place about A. D. 221, but a divorce must speedily have followed. (D. C. 79.5; Herodian, 5.14; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 261.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Alexander Severus or Severus Alexander (search)
ianus Bassianus, the latter appellation having been derived from his maternal grandfather. Upon the elevation of Elagabalus, he accompanied his mother and the court to Rome, a report having been spread abroad, and having gained credit, that he also, as well as the emperor, was the son of Caracalla. This connection was afterwards recognised by himself, for he publicly spoke of the divine Antoninus as his sire; and the same fact is asserted by the genealogy recorded on ancient monuments. In A. D. 221 he was adopted by Elagabalus and created Caesar, pontiff, consul elect, and princeps juventutis, at the instigation of the acute and politic Julia Maesa, who, foreseeing the inevitable destruction of one grandson, resolved to provide beforehand for the quiet succession of the other. The names Alexianus and Bassianus were now laid aside, and those of M. Aurelius Alexander substituted; M. Aurelius in virtue of his adoption; Alexander in consequence, as was asserted, of a direct revelation on