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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 24 24 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER PROPUGNATOR, AEDES (search)
IUPPITER PROPUGNATOR, AEDES a temple on the Palatine, known only from the fragmentary fasti of some collegium (CIL vi. 2004-2009), which speak of the meeting-place of the members of this collegium, possibly the sodales Flaviales Titiales, in Palatio in aede Iovis Propugnatoris. These fragments date from 190 to 238 A.D. The identification of this temple with that of Iuppiter Victor is purely conjectural, nor is its exact site determinable by any known evidence (HJ 50; Rosch. ii. 751; AJP 1907, 327; BC 1917, 85).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PORTICUS THERMARUM TRAIANARUM (search)
PORTICUS THERMARUM TRAIANARUM mentioned in an inscription from Thrace (CIL iii. 12336), in which it is stated that a certain document was posted here in 238 A.D. This may be the same porticus as that which was connected with the scrinia, or archives, of the PRAEFECTURA URBANA (q.v.), and restored by a certain Junius Valerius Bellicius at some time in the fourth century (CIL vi. 31959).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE TITI (search)
et. Tit. 7:amphitheatro dedicato thermisque iuxta celeriter extructis munus edidit apparatissimum; Cass. Dio lxvi. 25. I:to/ te balanei=on to\ e)pw/numon au)tou=; Chron. 146; Hier. a. Abr. 2105). These baths were in Region III (Not.), near the Colosseum and within the precinct of Nero's DOMUS AUREA (q.v.) (Mart. Spect. 2: hic ubi miramur velocia munera thermas abstulerat miseris tecta superbus ager), but no actual buildings of the domus seem to have been removed to make room for them. In 238 A.D. some restoration was evidently contemplated (Hist. Aug. Max. et Balb. I), and incidental references to them occur in Martial (iii. 20. 15; 36. 6) and in later inscriptions (CIL vi. 9797 =AL 29. 4; IG xiv. 956 B 15 :para\ ta\s *titiana/s). Early in the sixteenth century Julius II brought to the Vatican a large granite basin, which had been seen on the site of these thermae in 1450; it was buried in 1565 by Pius IV, but dug up again by Paul V, Cf. Orbaan, Documenti sul Barocco, 302; the inscr
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
decorates Temple of Isis, 284: of Juppiter Ultor (?), 307: Aqua Alexandrina, 20: buildings on Palatine, 379; restores Stadium of Domitian, 495: Balnea, 68: Basilica Alexandrina, 76: Temple of the Dea Suria (?), 148: Diaetae Mammaeae, 149; Shrine of Juppiter Redux in Castra Peregrina dedicated to Severus and Mammaea, 106. 222-223Repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) completed, 6. 227Thermae Neronianae rebuilt, 531. 238The Three Gordians: restore Thermae Suranae, 533. Arch in Castra Praetoria (?), 108. Balinea, 69. Gordian III continues repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6, and builds a Porticus (?), 422. 247Naumachia of Philippus Arabs, 358. Theatre Qf Pompey burnt, 517. Hecatostylon burnt, 251. 248(ca.). Holovitreum (?), 258. 249-251Reign of Decius: he builds Porticus, 421. 250Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after a fire, 6. 252Thermae Decianae, 526. 253-268Reign
career, and discusses the various methods employed for the division and calculation of time, together with sundry topics connected with astronomy, mathematics, geography, and music. It affords much valuable information with regard to the various systems of ancient chronology, and is constantly referred to by those who have investigated these topics. The book is dedicated to a certain Q. Cerellius, whom the writer addresses as his patron and benefactor (100.1), and was composed in the year A. D. 238, in the consulship of Ulpius and Pontianus (100.21). Censorinus terms Rome the "communis patria" of himself and Cerellius (100.16); and this fact, along with those detailed above, comprise the whole knowledge we possess with regard to the work and its author. Other Works A fragment de Metris and lost tracts de Accentibus and de Geometria are ascribed, but upon no sure evidence, to this same Censorinus. Carrio, in his edition published at Paris in 1583, divided the twenty-fourth chapter
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crispi'nus, L. Bru'ttius Qui'ntius was consul A. D. 224, and fourteen years afterwards (A. D. 238) persuaded the inhabitants of Aquileia to shut their gates and defend their walls against the savage Maximin, whose rage when he found his attacks upon the city baffled led to those excesses which caused his assassination. [MAXIMINUS.] (Capitolin. Max. duo, 100.21; Herodian. 8.4.) [W.R]
Gallica'nus a Roman consular, who, along with Maecenas, rashly slew two soldiers who through curiosity had entered the senatehouse, and thus gave rise to that bloody strife which raged for many days between the populace and the praetorians during the brief reign of Balbinus and Pupienus, A. D. 238. In the course of these disorders a large portion of the city was destroyed by fire. (Herodian. 7.27; Capitolin. Maximin. duo, 20, Gordiani tres, 22.) [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
most satisfactory manner that the revolt in Africa against Maximinus must have taken place in A. D. 238, probably about the beginning of March, and that the death of the two Gordians happened in thene for the fourth time, which therefore cannot belong to an earlier date than the beginning of A. D. 238. 2. Upon receiving intelligence of the proceedings in Africa, the senate at once acknowledgedigy after these events, which must therefore belong to some period later than the beginning of A. D. 238. 3. It is known that the third Gordian was killed about the month of March, A. D. 244, and nuign, from the 29th of August, they must have reckoned some period prior to the 29th of August, A. D. 238, as the first year of the third Gordian's reign. Hence the elevation of the first two Gordiahe death of Maximinus, the accession and death of Balbinus with Pupienus, and the accession of the third Gordian, must all have fallen between the 1st of January and the 29th of August, A. D. 238.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Gordia'nus III. (search)
Gordia'nus III. 3. M. Antonius Gordianus, according to most of the authorities consulted by Capitolinus, was the son of a daughter of the elder Gordianus, although some maintained that he was the son of the younger Gordianus. Having been elevated to the rank of Caesar, under circumstances narrated in the life of Balbinus [BALBINUS], after the murder of Balbinus and Pupienus by the praetorians a few weeks afterwards, in July A. D. 238, he was proclaimed Augustus, with the full approbation of the troops and the senate, although at this time a mere boy, probably not more than fifteen years old. The annals of his reign are singularly meagre. In the consulship of Venustus and Sabinus (A. D. 240), a rebellion broke out in Africa, but was promptly suppressed. In 241, which marks his second consulship, the young prince determined to proceed in person to the Persian war, which had assumed a most formidable aspect, but before setting out married Sabinia Tranquillina, the daughter of Misitheus
appears to have lived for a considerable period in Rome, but without holding any public office. From his work, which is still extant, we gather that he was still living at an advanced age in the reign of Gordianus III., who ascended the throne A. D. 238. Beyond this we know nothing respecting his life. Works History His history extends over the period from the death of M. Aurelius (A. D. 180) to the commencement of the reign of Gordianus III. (A. D. 238), and bears the title, *(Hrwdianou=A. D. 238), and bears the title, *(Hrwdianou= th=s meta\ *Ma/rkon *Basilei/as i(storiw=n *Bibli/a o)ktw/. He himself informs us (1.1.3, 2.15.7) that the events of this period had occurred in his own lifetime. Photius (Phot. Bibl. 99) gives an outline of the contents of the work, and passes a flattering encomium on the style of Herodian, which he describes as clear, vigorous and agreeable, preserving a happy medium between an utter disregard of art and elegance and a profuse employment of the artifices and prettinesses which were known und
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