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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 24 24 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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career, and discusses the various methods employed for the division and calculation of time, together with sundry topics connected with astronomy, mathematics, geography, and music. It affords much valuable information with regard to the various systems of ancient chronology, and is constantly referred to by those who have investigated these topics. The book is dedicated to a certain Q. Cerellius, whom the writer addresses as his patron and benefactor (100.1), and was composed in the year A. D. 238, in the consulship of Ulpius and Pontianus (100.21). Censorinus terms Rome the "communis patria" of himself and Cerellius (100.16); and this fact, along with those detailed above, comprise the whole knowledge we possess with regard to the work and its author. Other Works A fragment de Metris and lost tracts de Accentibus and de Geometria are ascribed, but upon no sure evidence, to this same Censorinus. Carrio, in his edition published at Paris in 1583, divided the twenty-fourth chapter
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crispi'nus, L. Bru'ttius Qui'ntius was consul A. D. 224, and fourteen years afterwards (A. D. 238) persuaded the inhabitants of Aquileia to shut their gates and defend their walls against the savage Maximin, whose rage when he found his attacks upon the city baffled led to those excesses which caused his assassination. [MAXIMINUS.] (Capitolin. Max. duo, 100.21; Herodian. 8.4.) [W.R]
Gallica'nus a Roman consular, who, along with Maecenas, rashly slew two soldiers who through curiosity had entered the senatehouse, and thus gave rise to that bloody strife which raged for many days between the populace and the praetorians during the brief reign of Balbinus and Pupienus, A. D. 238. In the course of these disorders a large portion of the city was destroyed by fire. (Herodian. 7.27; Capitolin. Maximin. duo, 20, Gordiani tres, 22.) [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
most satisfactory manner that the revolt in Africa against Maximinus must have taken place in A. D. 238, probably about the beginning of March, and that the death of the two Gordians happened in thene for the fourth time, which therefore cannot belong to an earlier date than the beginning of A. D. 238. 2. Upon receiving intelligence of the proceedings in Africa, the senate at once acknowledgedigy after these events, which must therefore belong to some period later than the beginning of A. D. 238. 3. It is known that the third Gordian was killed about the month of March, A. D. 244, and nuign, from the 29th of August, they must have reckoned some period prior to the 29th of August, A. D. 238, as the first year of the third Gordian's reign. Hence the elevation of the first two Gordiahe death of Maximinus, the accession and death of Balbinus with Pupienus, and the accession of the third Gordian, must all have fallen between the 1st of January and the 29th of August, A. D. 238.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Gordia'nus III. (search)
Gordia'nus III. 3. M. Antonius Gordianus, according to most of the authorities consulted by Capitolinus, was the son of a daughter of the elder Gordianus, although some maintained that he was the son of the younger Gordianus. Having been elevated to the rank of Caesar, under circumstances narrated in the life of Balbinus [BALBINUS], after the murder of Balbinus and Pupienus by the praetorians a few weeks afterwards, in July A. D. 238, he was proclaimed Augustus, with the full approbation of the troops and the senate, although at this time a mere boy, probably not more than fifteen years old. The annals of his reign are singularly meagre. In the consulship of Venustus and Sabinus (A. D. 240), a rebellion broke out in Africa, but was promptly suppressed. In 241, which marks his second consulship, the young prince determined to proceed in person to the Persian war, which had assumed a most formidable aspect, but before setting out married Sabinia Tranquillina, the daughter of Misitheus
appears to have lived for a considerable period in Rome, but without holding any public office. From his work, which is still extant, we gather that he was still living at an advanced age in the reign of Gordianus III., who ascended the throne A. D. 238. Beyond this we know nothing respecting his life. Works History His history extends over the period from the death of M. Aurelius (A. D. 180) to the commencement of the reign of Gordianus III. (A. D. 238), and bears the title, *(Hrwdianou=A. D. 238), and bears the title, *(Hrwdianou= th=s meta\ *Ma/rkon *Basilei/as i(storiw=n *Bibli/a o)ktw/. He himself informs us (1.1.3, 2.15.7) that the events of this period had occurred in his own lifetime. Photius (Phot. Bibl. 99) gives an outline of the contents of the work, and passes a flattering encomium on the style of Herodian, which he describes as clear, vigorous and agreeable, preserving a happy medium between an utter disregard of art and elegance and a profuse employment of the artifices and prettinesses which were known und
Maximi'nus I., Roman emperor, A. D. 235-238. C. Julius Verus Maximinus was born in a village on the confines of Thrace, of barbarian parentage, his father Micca being a Goth, his mother Ababa a German, from a tribe of the Alani. Brought up as a shepherd, he attracted the attention of Septimius Severus, by his gigantic stature and uently designated as Cyclops, or Busiris, or Sciron, or Phalaris, or Typhon, or Gyges. But this fury was kindled into absolute madness, when, in the beginning of A. D. 238, Maximinus received intelligence of the insurrection in Africa headed by the Gordians. of the favour displayed by the provinces and the senate towards their caussuccessful campaign against the Germans, towards the close of A. D. 237; that the elevation of the Gordians in Africa took place about the commencement of March, A. D. 238, and their death about six weeks afterwards; that Maximinus set out upon his march for Rome early in April, sat down before Aquileia towards the end of the month
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
campaigns against the barbarians, he was subsequently styled Germanicus, Sarmaticuas, and Dacicus. It does not appear probable, however, that he was invested with the tribunician power or with the consulship, or that he was ever formally associated in the imperial dignity with the title of Augustus, although such legends as VICTORIA AUGUSTORUM and MAXIMINUS ET MAXIMUS. AUGUSTI. GERMANICI, are found upon medals. He was murdered, along with his father, by the troops while besieging Aquileia, A. D. 238, at the age of eighteen, or, according to other authorities, twenty-one. From coins and inscriptions we are enabled to pronounce with certainty that his name was maximus, and not Maximinus, as Capitolinus would lead us to suppose. This youth was equally celebrated for the surpassing beauty of his person, the elaborate finish of his dress, and the excessive haughtiness of his demeanour. He was, however, educated with much care, was well acquainted with Greek and Latin literature, and seem
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ma'ximus, M. Clo'dius Pupie'nus was elected emperor with Balbinus, in A. D. 238, when the senate received intelligence of the death of the two Gordians in Africa. For particulars, see BALBINUS.
he received several works of Symmachus, the Greek translator of the Old Testament. (Pallad. l.c. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.17.) If his journey into Cappadocia be placed in the reign of Maximin, he probably returned about the time of Maximin's death (A. D. 238) to Caesareia in Palestine, and there continued, preaching daily and steadily pursuing his biblical studies, composing his commentaries on the prophets Isaiah and Ezekiel and on the Canticles (Euseb. H.E. 6.32), and labouring also at his Hexupls lo/gos *Ei)s martu/rion protreptiko\s lo/gos, Exhortatio ad Martyrium, or *Peri\ marturi/ou, De Martyrio, addressed to his friend and patron Ambrosius, and to Protoctetus of Caesareia, during the persecution under the emperor Maximin (A. D. 235-238), and still extant. (Delarue, vol. i. pp. 273-310.) It was first published by Jo. Rud. Wetstenius (Wetstcin) the younger, 4to, Basel, 1574, with a Latin version and notes. Origen's letter of like purport, written when a mere boy to his father, has
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