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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, HECATOSTYLON (search)
HECATOSTYLON a porticus of one hundred columns (Mart. ii. 14. 9; iii. 19. I) represented on a fragment (31) of the Marble Plan as a row of columns on each side of a long wall running along the north side of the porticus Pompei, of which it may have formed a part. It was burned in 247 A.D. (Hier. a. Abr. 2263). For possible remains of this building see LS iii. 123 ; cf. HJ 532; RE vii. 2590. Hiilsen's comparison of it with the so-called Poikile at Hadrian's villa is illuminating. From Martial we learn that the plane grove which surrounded it was adorned with bronze statues of wild beasts (ferae), including that of a bear: the correlative is the locality known as MANSUETAE (q.v.). Cf. Eranos 1923, 49.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, NAUMACHIA PHILIPPI (search)
NAUMACHIA PHILIPPI a naumachia on the right bank of the Tiber, constructed by Philippus Arabs and his son in 247 A.D., when the one thousandth anniversary of the founding of Rome was celebrated (Aur. Vict. Caes. 28). This may have been only a restoration of the naumachia Augusti, which in that case would have lasted a century longer and been one of the two naumachiae of the Notitia (HJ 653-654).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THEATRUM POMPEI (search)
he exterior of the theatre for that one occasion, and to have stretched purple awnings over the cavea (Plin. cit. xxxiii. 54; Cass. Dio lxii. 6. 1-2). In 80 the scaena was burned (Cass. Dio lxvi. 24. 2), but must have been repaired very soon. Under Severus some restoration must have been carried out, for there are two inscriptions of Q. Acilius Fuscus, who was procurator operis theatri Pompeiani in 209-211 A.D. (Pros. i. 6. 47; CIL viii. 1439; xiv. 154; cf. NS 1880, 471, and CIL vi. 1031). In 247 the theatre was burned again (Hier. a. Abr. 2263), and probably under Carinus (Hist. Aug. Car. 19), for it was restored by Diocletian and Maximian (Chron. 148). Other restorations are recorded, by Arcadius and Honorius (CIL vi. 1191, cf. 1193; Mitt. 1899, 251-259), and finally by Symmachus at the command of Theodoric between 507 and 511 (Cassiod. Var. iv. 51; cf. Sym. Rel. 8. 3). Successive restorations probably increased its magnificence, and it is mentioned among the notable monuments of th
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
exandrina, 76: Temple of the Dea Suria (?), 148: Diaetae Mammaeae, 149; Shrine of Juppiter Redux in Castra Peregrina dedicated to Severus and Mammaea, 106. 222-223Repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) completed, 6. 227Thermae Neronianae rebuilt, 531. 238The Three Gordians: restore Thermae Suranae, 533. Arch in Castra Praetoria (?), 108. Balinea, 69. Gordian III continues repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6, and builds a Porticus (?), 422. 247Naumachia of Philippus Arabs, 358. Theatre Qf Pompey burnt, 517. Hecatostylon burnt, 251. 248(ca.). Holovitreum (?), 258. 249-251Reign of Decius: he builds Porticus, 421. 250Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after a fire, 6. 252Thermae Decianae, 526. 253-268Reign of Gallienus: he plans a Porticus, 422. 262Arch of Gallienus, 39. Horti Liciniani, 268. 270-275Reign of Aurelian: he extends Pomerium, 393; plans Thermae, 524: builds Castra Urbana, 108; i
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
an aged presbyter of the church at Carthage, and, assuming the name of the spiritual patron by whom he had been set free from the bondage of Paganism, was henceforward styled THASCIUS CAECILIUS CYPRIANUS. At the same period he sold all that he had, and distributed the price among the poor. The popularity acquired by this liberality, combined probably with the reputation he had previously enjoyed, and the pride naturally felt in so distinguished a proselyte, secured his rapid elevation. In A. D. 247 he was raised to the rank of a presbyter, and in the course of the following year the bishopric of Carthage was forced upon his reluctant acceptance by a large majority of the African clergy, not without strenuous opposition, however, from a small party headed by Novatus [NOVATUS] and Felicissimus, whose obstinate resistance and contumacy subsequently gave rise to much disorder and violence. When the persecution of Decius burst forth (A. D. 250), Cyprian, being one of the first marked ou
rsons of rank and influence. He studied the doctrines of the various philosophical sects, and this led him at last to embrace Christianity. Origen, who was one of his teachers, had probably great influence upon this step of his pupil. After having been a presbyter for some time, he succeeded, about A. D. 232, Heraclas as the head of the theological school at Alexandria, and after the death of Heraclas. who had been raised to the bishopric of Alexandria, Dionysius succeeded him in the see, A. D. 247. During the persecution of the Christians by Decius, Dionysius was seized by the soldiers and carried to Taposiris, a small town between Alexandria and Canopus, probably with a view of putting him to death there. But he escaped from captivity in a manner which lie himself describes very minutely (apud Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.40). He had, however, to suffer still more severely in A. D. 257, during the persecution which the emperor Valerian instituted againist the Christians. Dionysius made an