hide Matching Documents

The documents where this entity occurs most often are shown below. Click on a document to open it.

Document Max. Freq Min. Freq
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 17 17 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 1 1 Browse Search
View all matching documents...

Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 249 AD or search for 249 AD in all documents.

Your search returned 17 results in 12 document sections:

1 2
De'cius Roman emperor, A. D. 249-251, whose full name was C. MESSIUS QUINTUS TRAJANUS DECIUS, was born about the close of the second century at Bubalia, a village in Lower Pannonia, being the first of a long series of monarchs who traced their origin to an Illyrian stock. We are altogether unacquainted with his early career, but he appears to have been entrusted with an important military command upon the Danube in A. D. 245, and four years afterwards was earnestly solicited by Philippus to uns he could escape from the thraldom of the legions. Philippus, not trusting these professions, hastened to meet his rival in the field, encountered him in the vicinity of Verona, was defeated, and slain. This event took place towards the end of A. D. 249. The short reign of the new prince, extending to about thirty months, was chiefly occupied in warring against the Goths, who now, for the first time, appeared as a formidable foe on the north eastern frontier, and having crossed the Danube, u
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Etruscus, Here'nnius son of the emperor Decius, upon whose accession in A. D. 249 he received the appellations of Caesar and Princeps Jueentuttis. In 2.51 he was consul, was admitted to a participation in the title of Augustus, and towards the close of the year was slain along with his father in a bloody battle fought against the Goths in Thrace. [DECIUS.] We gather from coins that his designation at full length was Q. Herennius Etruscus Messius Trajanus Decius, the names Herennius Etruscus being derived from his mother Herennia Etruscilla, while the rest were inherited from his sire. (Aurel. Vict. de Caes. xxix. Epit. xxix.; Zonar. 12.20.) [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
the family seems to have been engaged in commerce (Macr. 3.6 ; Serv. ad Aen. 8.363), especially in the Sicilian and African trade, and in the purchase and exportation of the silphium--ferula Tingitana -- (Sprengel, Rei Herbar. p. 84), from Cyrene. (Plin. Nat. 19.3.) The Herennii appear for the first time in the Fasti, B. C. 93. Under the empire they held various provincial and military offices (J. AJ 18.16; Tac. Hist. 4.19; D. C. 67.13; Plin. Ep. 7.33); and the wife of the Emperor Decius (A. D. 249) was Herennia Etruscilla. [ETRUSCILLA; ETRUSCUS.] The cognomens which occur under the republic are BALBUS, BASSUS, CERPINIUS, PONTIUS, and SICULUS. As the surnames of Balbus, Bassus, and Cerrinius, have been omitted under these names, they are placed under the gentile name. For the cognomens under the empire, see the alphabetical list on p. 408. In the Herennian, as in other families of Sabellian origin, a peculiarity in the system of names is to be noted. To the family or paternal nam
Mari'nus a centurion, who, in the reign of Philippus (A. D. 249), was saluted emperor in Moesia, by the soldiers, who soon after put him to death. A brass medal is extant, struck at Philippopolis, in Thrace, bearing the legend *Q*E*W . *M*A*R*I*N*W; but the Greek coin, quoted by Goltzius as exhibiting the names P. Carvilius Marinus, is regarded with suspicion. (Zonar. 12.19; Zosim. 1.20; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 373.) [W.R]
Metho'dius 6. Surnamed PATARENSIS, and sometimes, EUBULUS or EUBULIUS, lived in the third, and died in the beginning of the fourth century of our era. He held successively the sees of Olympus and Patara in Lycia (whence Patarensis) and Tyrus in Phoenicia. He was a Christian; and Suidas says that he died the death of a martyr, at Chalcis *)Anatolh=s (one of the two Chalcis in Syria), during the reign of Decius (A. D. 249-251) and Valerianus. The addition of the latter name seems to be spurious, since Valerian did not reign with, but after Decius. However the original text of Suidas may be, he was wrong with regard to the time assigned by him to the death of Methodius; for there seems to be no doubt that this divine was a contemporary of Porphyry, and perhaps outlived him; and if he therefore died during one of the later persecutions of the Christians, as is asserted, it might have been in 303, as Cave thinks, or in 311, according to Fabricius. Methodius was a man of great learning an
production of Cyprian, but of Novatianus. The piece before us, however, does not altogether answer his description, since it cannot be regarded as a mere transcript of the opinions of Tertullian, but is an independent exposition of the orthodox doctrine very distinctly embodied in pure language and animated style. II. De Cibis Judaicis This work was written at the request of the Roman laity at a. period when the author had, apparently, withdrawn from the fury of the Decian persecution (A. D. 249-257), probably towards the close of A. D. 250. If composed under these circumstances, as maintained by Jackson, it refutes in a most satisfactory manner the charges brought by Cornelius in reference to the conduct of Novatianus at this epoch. The author denies that the Mosaic ordinances, with regard to meats, are binding upon Christians, but strongly recommends moderation and strict abstinence from flesh offered to idols. III. Epistolae. Two letters, of which the first is certainly genu
and his restoration to the then orthodox belief of Beryllus, bishop of Bostra, who had propagated some notions respecting our Lord's pre-existent nature, which were deemed heretical. [BERYLLUS.] During the reign of Philippus the Arabian (A. D. 244-249), Origen wrote his reply to the Epicurean Celsus, and his commentaries on the twelve minor prophets, and on the Gospel of Matthew; also a number of letters, among which were one to the emperor Philippus, one to the empress Severa his wife, and otht morally indifferent, and supported their heresy by a book which they affirmed to have fallen from heaven. (Euseb. 6.36, 37, 38.) But the life of this laborious and self-denying Christian was drawing near its close. With the reign of Decius (A. D. 249-251) came a renewal of persecution [DECIUS,] and the storm fell fiercely upon Origen. His friend Alexander of Jerusalem died a martyr : and he was himself imprisoned and tortured, though his persecutors carefully avoided such extremities as wou
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Otaci'lia Seve'ra, Ma'rcia> the wife of the elder M. Julius Philippus, and the mother of the boy who was put to death by the praetorians. after the battle of Verona, A. D. 249. She appears to have had a daughter also, since Zosimus speaks of a certain Severianus as the son-in-law of the emperor. No other circumstances are known regarding this princess, except that she was believed by many of the ancients to have been a Christain. The Alexandrian Chronicle makes a positive assertion to this effect, and Eusebius (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 6.36) mentions a letter, said to have been addressed to her by Origen. (Tillemont, Notes sur l' Empereur Philippe, in his Histoire des Empereurs, vol. lii. p, 499; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 332; Zosim. 1.19.) [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Philippus I., M. Ju'lius> Roman emperor A. D. 244-249, was an Arabian by birth, a native of Trachonitis, according to Victor; of the colony of Bostra, according to Zonaras. Of his early history we know nothing, except that he is said to have been the son of a celebrated robber captain, and we are equally ignorant of the various steps in his military career. Upon the death of the excellent Misitheus [MISITHEUS; GORDIANUS III.], during the Persian campaign of the third Gordian, Philippus was at once promoted to the vacant office of praetorian praefect. The treacherous arts by which he procured the ruin of the young prince his master, and his own elevation to the throne, are detailed elsewhere [GORDIANUS III.]. The senate having ratified the choice of the troops, the new sovereign proclaimed his son Caesar, concluded a disgraceful peace with Sapor, founded thecityof Philippopolis, and then returned to Roine. These events took place in the early part of A.D. 244. The annals of this perio
called Atheniensis, to distinguish him from his younger namesake. The account given by Suidas of his having been alive in the time of the emperor Philip (A. D. 244-249), tallies precisely with what we find written in his own works. Clinton conjectures the time of his birth to be A. D. 182 (Fast. Rom. p. 257), but this seems too launt is palpably inconsistent with itself, as it makes a man who lived in the time of Nero, A. D. 54-168, the father of another who was alive under Philip, A. D. 244-249. Besides, the connection between the second and the third Philostratus is unintelligible, and, if we are to take every thing as it stands, is contradicted by a passsible that he can have been a grandson of the biographer, as Kayser in his preface supposes, as the latter was writing vigorously in th>e reign of Philip (A. D. 244-249), when, according to the computation already given, the Lemnian, born in 191, would have been between 53 and 58 years old. We have already seen that the biographer
1 2