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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, THERMAE DECIANAE (search)
THERMAE DECIANAE built by the Emperor Decius in 252 A.D. on the Aventine (Cassiod. ad a. 252; Chron. min. ii. 147: his consulibus (Gallo et Volusiano) Decius Romae lavacra publica aedificavit quae suo nomine appellari iussit; Eutrop. ix. 4: Romae lavacrum aedificavit; Chron. a. 354, i. 147: hoc imperatore thermae Commodianae (an evident error for Decianae) dedicatae sunt; Not. Reg. XIII; CIL xv. 7181: in Aventino in domo Potiti v. c. ad Decianas; cf. BC 1887, 266, 293; 1893, 240-241). A partial plan of these thermae drawn by Palladio about 1600 was found by Lanciani in the Devonshire collection (portfolio 15, pl. 81; LR fig. 210), on which can be traced the outlines of the central hall, the beginning of the caldarium, and the dressing and lounging rooms on the sides, in the usual manner of the Roman baths. This main part seems to have measured about 70 by 35 metres, which shows that the whole complex of buildings was very large. The site of the thermae was between the present chur
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
227Thermae Neronianae rebuilt, 531. 238The Three Gordians: restore Thermae Suranae, 533. Arch in Castra Praetoria (?), 108. Balinea, 69. Gordian III continues repairs to Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum), 6, and builds a Porticus (?), 422. 247Naumachia of Philippus Arabs, 358. Theatre Qf Pompey burnt, 517. Hecatostylon burnt, 251. 248(ca.). Holovitreum (?), 258. 249-251Reign of Decius: he builds Porticus, 421. 250Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after a fire, 6. 252Thermae Decianae, 526. 253-268Reign of Gallienus: he plans a Porticus, 422. 262Arch of Gallienus, 39. Horti Liciniani, 268. 270-275Reign of Aurelian: he extends Pomerium, 393; plans Thermae, 524: builds Castra Urbana, 108; increases height of Castra Praetoria, 107. 270Balineum Antiochiani, 68. 272(before). The Walls of Aurelian, 348. Porta Nomentana, 410. 273Temple of the Sun, 491. 276-282Reign of Probus: Pons Probi, 401. 282-284Reign of Carinus: fresco in Palac
e church to grant forgiveness under such circumstances and restore the culprits to her communion. The result of the dispute was, that, upon the election of Cornelius, Novatianus refused to acknowledge the authority of his opponent, who summoned a council, by which his own opinions were fully confirmed. Upon this the religious warfare raged more fiercely than ever; Novatianus was irregularly chosen bishop by some of his own partisans, and thus arose the schism of the Novatians. [NOVATIANUS.] Cornelius, however, enjoyed his dignity for but a very brief period. He was banished to Civita Vecchia by the emperor Gallus, in A. D. 252, where he soon after died, or, according to some accounts, suffered martyrdom. He is known to have written several Epistles, two of which addressed to Cyprian will be found in the works of that prelate, and in Coustant's " Epistolae Pontificum," p. 125, while a fragment of a third is preserved in the ecclesiastical history of Eusebius. (6.43.) [CYPRIANUS.] [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
was acknowledged throughout nearly the whole of Africa. In the month of June, A. D. 252, began what is commonly termed the persecution of Gallus, but which in realitber De Unitate Ecclesiae Catholicae liber, written and despatched to Rome in A. D. 252, at a period when both Italy and Africa were distracted by the pretensions ofer De Lapsis liber, written and despatched to Rome in the month of November, A. D. 252. It may be considered as a sort of supplement to the preceding work, explaini1. 7. De Oratione Dominica liber De Oratione Dominica liber, written about A. D. 252, in imitation of Tertullian, " De Oratione," contains a lengthened commentary (Advers. lviii.) 8. De Mortalitate liber De Mortalitate liber, written in A. D. 252, during the prevalence of the terrible pestilence which for the space of fivetione Martyrii De Exhortatione Martyrii, a letter addressed to Fortunatus in A. D. 252, during the persecution of Gallus, on the reasonableness, the duty, and the r
Lu'cius PAPA 8. PAPA, succeeded Cornelius as bishop of Rome according to Baronius in A. D. 255, but according to Pagi and Pearson in A. D. 252. According to Baronius he was born at Rome, and his father was named Porphyrius. Of his history previous to his pontificate little more is known than that he was one of the presbyters who accompanied his predecessor into exile when he was banished by the emperor Gallus to Centum Cellae, now Civita Vecchia. [CORNELIUS.] Lucius himself was banished a short time after his election, but soon obtained leave to return. His return was about the end of the year 252, or early in the year 253 (256 according to Baronius), and he could not have long survived it, as his whole pontificate was only of six or eight months, perhaps even shorter than that. He died, not as Baronius states, in A. D. 257, but in A. D. 253, being, according to some accounts, martyred by decapitation. The manner of his death is, however, very doubtful. (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 7.2; Cypri
eus, the presbyter of Constantinople, in his work De Trilici Receptione Haercticorum (apud Coteler. Eccles. Graec. Aonum. vol. iii. p. 385), distinguishes Sabellius the Libyan from Sabellius of the Pentapolis, but without reason: and his inaccuracy in this respect throws doubt on his unsupported assertion that Sabellius was bishop of the Pentapolis. Abulpharagius (Hist. Dynastiar. p. 81, vers. Pocock) calls him a presbyter of Byzantium, and places him in the reign of Gallus and Volusianus, A. D. 252, 253. That he was of Byzantium is contradicted by all other accounts; but the date assigned is sufficiently in accordance with other authorities to be received. Philastrius (ibid.) calls him a disciple of Noetus, but it does not appear that this means anything more than that he embraced views similar to those of Noetus, who was of Asia Minor; either of Smyrna (Theodoret. ibid. 3.3) or of Ephesus (Epiphan. Hacres. lvii.), and flourished about the middle of the third century. When Sabellius