nd one of whose women was the heroine of the myth
of Tarpeia which circulated in so many versions. There was a statue of Tarpeia in the temple of Jupiter in the Porticus Metelli (Fest. 363).
For some discussion of
this question and references to the abundant literature, see Sanders,
Univ. of Michigan Studies, i. I-47; Pais, Anc. Legends 96-108; Storia 12.
430, 538; Rev. Arch. 1908, i. 64-74; Rosch. v. 111-116.
That Tarpeius mons continued in use to some extent is shown by
an inscription of 259 A.D. (NS 1892, 407; CIL vi. 37170: deae Virgini
Caelestis praesentissimo numini loci montis Tarpei), and there seems
to be no doubt that it was sometimes applied to the whole Capitoline
hill, but, like Capitolinus, that it was also used of the southern summit
Rupes Tarpeia is clearly identified by Varro (LL, v. 41) with saxum
Tarpeium, but nowhere in extant Latin literature is this name found in
connection with the execution of criminals. In several passages it is
closely connected with t