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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 259 AD or search for 259 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Aelia'nus, Lu'cius one of the thirty tyrants (A. D. 259-268) under the Roman empire. He assumed the purple in Gaul after the death of Postumus, and was killed by his own soldiers, because he would not allow them to plunder Moguntiacum. Trebellius Pollio and others call him Lollianus; Eckhel (Doctr. Num. vii. p. 448) thinks, that his true name was Laelianus; but there seems most authority in favour of L. Aelianus. (Eutrop. 9.7; Trebell. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 4; Aurel. Vict. de Caes. 33, Epit. 32.)
Aemilia'nus 3. One of the thirty tyrants (A. D. 259-268) was compelled by the troops in Egypt to assume the purple. He took the surname of Alexander or Alexandrinus. Gallienus sent Theodotus against him, by whom he was taken and sent prisoner to Gallienus. Aemilianus was strangled in prison. (Trebell. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 22, Gallien. 4, 5.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ateria'nus, Ju'lius wrote a work upon the Thirty Tyrants (A. D. 259-268), or at least upon one of them, Victorinus. Trebellius Pollio (Trig. Tyr. 6) gives an extract from his work.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Callini'cus or Callini'cus Sutorius (search)
Callini'cus or Callini'cus Sutorius (*Kalli/nikos), surnamed Sutorius, a Greek sophist and rhetorician, was a native of Syria, or, according to others, of Arabia Petraea. He taught rhetoric at Athens in the reign of the emperor Gallienus (A. D. 259-268), and was an opponent of the rhetorician Genethlius. (Suid. s. vv. *Kalli/nikos, *Gene/qlios, and *)Iouliano\s *Do/mnou.) Works Eulogium on Rome Suidas and Eudocia (p. 268) mention several works of Callinicus, all of which are lost, with the exception of a fragment of an eulogium on Rome, which is very inferior both in form and thought. Editions It is printed in L. Allatius' Excerpt. Rhet. et Sophist. pp. 256-258, and in Orelli's. edition of Philo, "De VII Spect. Orb." Lipsiae, 1816, 8vo. History of Alexandria Among the other works of Callinicus there was one on the history of Alexandria, in ten books, mentioned by Suidas and Eudocia, and referred to by Jerome in the preface to his commentary on Daniel. Further Information
Diony'sius 39. Bishop of ROME, is called a lo/gio/s te kai\ *Dauma/sios a)nh/r by his contemporary, Dionysius, bishop of Alexandria. (Ap. Euseb. H. E. 7.7.) He is believed to have been a Greek by birth, and after having been a presbyter, he was made bishop of Rome in A. D. 259, and retained this high dignity for ten years, till A. D. 269. During his administration of the Roman diocese, some bishops brought before him charges against Dionysius, bishop of Alexandria, for being guilty of heretical opinions in his controversies with Sabellius. The bishop of Rome therefore convoked a synod, and with its consent he declared, in a letter to the accused, that he was guilty of heresies, and gave him a gentle reprimand. A fragment of this letter is preserved in Athanasius (de Decret. Synod. Nicaen. p. 421), and it was this letter which induced Dionysius of Alexandria to write his work against Sabellius, which was addressed to the bishop of Rome. (Cave, Hist. Lit. i. p. 97.)
Nico'stratus 5. A native of Trapezus, who lived in the reign of Aurelian. He wrote an account of the exploits of Philippus, the successor of Gordianus among the Arabs; and also an account of Decius, Gallus, Valerianus, and the son of Gallienus, up to the time of the expedition of Valerianus against Sapor, the king of the Persians, A. D. 259. (Voss. de Hist. Graec. p. 288, ed. Westermann.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Salo'nina, Corne'lia Augusta, the wite of Gallienus and mother of Saloninus. Since her son perished at the age of seventeen [SALONINUS], upon the capture of Colonia Agrippina by Postumns, in A. D. 259, she must have been married before A. D. 242, that is, upwards of ten years before the elevation of Valerian. Zonaras asserts that she witnessed with her own eyes the death of her husband before the walls of Milan, in A. D. 268, a statement fully confirmed, as far as dates are concerned, by the nutmerals found on Alexandrian medals. Hence it is evident that Gibbon is mistaken in supposing that Pipara or Pipa, the daughter of the Suevic Attalus, had any claim to be regarded as the lawful spouse of Gallienus. The Roman medals of Saloinina, which are very common, exhibit those names only which are placed at the head of this article, but on the productions of the Greek mint we find also the appellations Julia (*I*O*U. *K*O*R. *C*A*L*W*N*I*N*A), Publia Licinia (*P*O. *L*I*K. *K*O*R. *c*A*L
ian. When his father and grandfather assumed the title of Augustus, in A. D. 253, the youth received the designation of Caesar. Some years afterwards he was left in Gaul, under the charge of Silvanus, at the period when Gallienus was hastily summoned to encounter the rebel Ingentuus, in Pannoinia. The insurrection headed by Postumus soon after broke out, and Saloninus was driven to take refuge in Colonia Agrippina, where he was put to death by the conqueror, upon the capture of the city in A. D. 259 [see POSTUMUS], being at that time about seventeen years old. In addition to the names placed at the head of this article, we find Gallieius upon a coin of Perinthus (see also Zonaras. 12.24), and Egnatius upon one of Samos. The appellations Cornelius Saloaninus appear to have been inherited from his mother, the remainder from his paternal ancestors. Great embarrassment has been caused to historians and archaeologists by the circumstance that, upon many of the numerous medals, both Greek a