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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 268 AD or search for 268 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Aelia'nus, Lu'cius one of the thirty tyrants (A. D. 259-268) under the Roman empire. He assumed the purple in Gaul after the death of Postumus, and was killed by his own soldiers, because he would not allow them to plunder Moguntiacum. Trebellius Pollio and others call him Lollianus; Eckhel (Doctr. Num. vii. p. 448) thinks, that his true name was Laelianus; but there seems most authority in favour of L. Aelianus. (Eutrop. 9.7; Trebell. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 4; Aurel. Vict. de Caes. 33, Epit. 32.)
Aemilia'nus 3. One of the thirty tyrants (A. D. 259-268) was compelled by the troops in Egypt to assume the purple. He took the surname of Alexander or Alexandrinus. Gallienus sent Theodotus against him, by whom he was taken and sent prisoner to Gallienus. Aemilianus was strangled in prison. (Trebell. Poll. Trig. Tyr. 22, Gallien. 4, 5.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Ateria'nus, Ju'lius wrote a work upon the Thirty Tyrants (A. D. 259-268), or at least upon one of them, Victorinus. Trebellius Pollio (Trig. Tyr. 6) gives an extract from his work.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Callini'cus or Callini'cus Sutorius (search)
Callini'cus or Callini'cus Sutorius (*Kalli/nikos), surnamed Sutorius, a Greek sophist and rhetorician, was a native of Syria, or, according to others, of Arabia Petraea. He taught rhetoric at Athens in the reign of the emperor Gallienus (A. D. 259-268), and was an opponent of the rhetorician Genethlius. (Suid. s. vv. *Kalli/nikos, *Gene/qlios, and *)Iouliano\s *Do/mnou.) Works Eulogium on Rome Suidas and Eudocia (p. 268) mention several works of Callinicus, all of which are lost, with the exception of a fragment of an eulogium on Rome, which is very inferior both in form and thought. Editions It is printed in L. Allatius' Excerpt. Rhet. et Sophist. pp. 256-258, and in Orelli's. edition of Philo, "De VII Spect. Orb." Lipsiae, 1816, 8vo. History of Alexandria Among the other works of Callinicus there was one on the history of Alexandria, in ten books, mentioned by Suidas and Eudocia, and referred to by Jerome in the preface to his commentary on Daniel. Further Information
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Clau'dius Gothicus (search)
Clau'dius Ii. or Clau'dius Gothicus (M. AURELIUS CLAUDIUS, surnamed GOTHICUS), Roman emperor A. D. 268-270, was descended from an obscure family in Dardania or Illyria, and was indebted for distinction to his military talents, which recommended him to the favour and confidence of Decius, by whom he was entrusted with the defence of Thermopylae against the northern invaders of Greece. By Valerian he was nominated captain-general of the Illyrian frontier, and commander of all the provinces on th who pretended that such had been the last injunctions of their victim--a choice confirmed with some hesitation by the army, which yielded however to an ample donative, and ratified with enthusiastic applause by the senate on the 24th of March, A. D. 268, the day upon which the intelligence reached Rome. The emperor signalized his accession by routing on the shores of the Lago di Garda a large body of Alemanni, who in the late disorders had succeeded in crossing the Alps, and thus was justified
Gallie'nus with his full name, P. LICINIUS VALERIANUS EGNATIUS GALLIENUS, Roman emperor A. D. 260-268. When Valerian, upon the death of Aemilianus, was raised to the throne (A. D. 253), he immediately assumed his eldest son Gallienus as an associate in the purple, and employed him, under the care of the experienced Postumus, governor of Gaul, to check the incursions of the barbarian Franks and Alemanni upon the Upper Danube and the Rhine. Could we repose any faith in the testimony of medals an devastating Mocsia; he returned hastily to Italy upon receiving news of the insurrection of Aureolus, whom he defeated, and shut up in Milan ; but, while pressing the siege of that city, he was slain by his own soldiers, in the month of March, A. D. 268, in the fiftieth year of his age, after lie had enjoyed the title of Augustus for fifteen years, and reigned alone for upwards of seven. [SALONINUS.] (Trebell. Poll. Valerian. pater et fil., Gallieni duo ; Victor, de Caes. xxxiii, Epit. xxxii
Lupercus (*Lou/perkos), of Berytus, a learned grammarian, lived a little time before the Roman emperor Claudius II. (reigned A. D. 268-270). He was the author, according to Suidas, of the following works :-three books on the particle a)\n, *Peri tou= taw/s, *Peri\ th=s karidos, *Peri\ tou= para\ *Pla/twni a)lektruo/nos, a *Kti/sis of the Egyptian town Arsinoetus or Arsinoe, *)Attikai\ le/ces, *Te/xnh grammatikh/, and thirteen books on the three genders, in which Suidas says that Lupercus surpasses Herodian in many point
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Valeria'nus Ju'nior a son of the emperor Valerianus, but not by the same mother as Gallienus. He was remarkable for the beauty of his person, the modesty of his address, the high cultivation of his mind, and the purity of his morals in which he exhibited a marked contrast to his dissolute brother, along with whom he perished at Milan in A. D. 268. [GALLIENUS.] Trebellius Pollio affirms that he received the title of Caesar from his father, and of Augustus from Gallienus, but this assertion is not supported by the Fasti nor by any other historical evidence, while Eckhel has adduced many weighty arguments to prove that he never could have enjoyed either of these appellations, and that all the coins ascribed to him belong in reality to his nephew Saloninus. (Trebell. Poll. Valerian. jun. ; Eutrop. 9.8; Zonar. 12.24, according to whom young Valerianus was slain not at Milan, but at Rome, along with the son of Gallienus, after the death of the latter. See also Eckhel, vol. vii. pp. 432, 43
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
vvo'nius who is included by Trebellius Pollio in his list of the thirty tyrants [see AUREOLUS], was the third of the usurpers who in succession ruled Gaul while it was dismembered from the empire during the reign of the imbecile son of Valerian. Victorinus, however, had previously been assumed as a colleague by Postumus to whom he afforded important aid in the war against Gallienus, and after the destruction of Gallienus alone enjoyed the sovereignty. He is said to have possessed many of the highest qualities both of a general and a statesman, but was unhappily a slave to his passions, which eventually proved his ruin, for he was assassinated at Agrippina by one of his own officers whose honour he had wounded. This event seems to have taken place in A. D. 268 after he had reigned for some-what more than a year. (Trebell. Pollio, Trig. Tyrann. v.; Aurel. Vict. de Caes. xxxiii.; Eutrop. 9.7; it would be a vain task however to attempt to reconcile these authorities with each other.)