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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 13 13 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.), BOOK VII. We here enter upon the third division of Pliny's Natural History, which treats of Zoology, from the 7th to the 11th inclusive. Cuvier has illustrated this part by many valuable notes, which originally appeared in Lemaire's Bibliotheque Classique, 1827, and were afterwards incorporated, with some additions, by Ajasson, in his translation of Pliny, published in 1829; Ajasson is the editor of this portion of Pliny's Natural History, in Lemaire's Edition.—B. MAN, HIS BIRTH, HIS ORGANIZATION, AND THE INVENTION OF THE ARTS., CHAP. 2.—THE WONDERFUL FORMS OF DIFFERENT NATIONS. (search)
epublic, abolished them. We read, however, in other authorities, that in 116, B.C. , two Gauls, a male and a female, were sacrificed by the priests in one of the streets of Rome, shortly after which such practices were forbidden by the senate, except in those cases in which they had been ordered by the Sibylline books. Still we read, in the time of Augustus, of one hundred knights being sacrificed by his orders, at Perusia, and of a similar immolation in the time of the emperor Aurelian, A.D. 270. These, however, were all exceptional cases, and do not imply a custom of offering human sacrifices. In the vicinity also of those who dwell in the northern re- gions, and not far from the spot from which the north wind arises, and the place which is called its cave,Pliny, in describing the Riphæan mountains, B. iv. c. 26, calls them "gelida Aquilonis conceptacula," "the cold asylum of the northern blasts;" but we do not find the cavern mentioned in this or any other passage. The name here
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BALINEUM ANTIOCHIANI (search)
BALINEUM ANTIOCHIANI mentioned only in Not. in Region I. It was probably near the porta Capena, and built perhaps by Flavius Antiochianus, consul in 270 A.D.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
atre Qf Pompey burnt, 517. Hecatostylon burnt, 251. 248(ca.). Holovitreum (?), 258. 249-251Reign of Decius: he builds Porticus, 421. 250Amphitheatrum Flavium (Colosseum) restored after a fire, 6. 252Thermae Decianae, 526. 253-268Reign of Gallienus: he plans a Porticus, 422. 262Arch of Gallienus, 39. Horti Liciniani, 268. 270-275Reign of Aurelian: he extends Pomerium, 393; plans Thermae, 524: builds Castra Urbana, 108; increases height of Castra Praetoria, 107. 270Balineum Antiochiani, 68. 272(before). The Walls of Aurelian, 348. Porta Nomentana, 410. 273Temple of the Sun, 491. 276-282Reign of Probus: Pons Probi, 401. 282-284Reign of Carinus: fresco in Palace, 379. 283Great fire in Forum, 234; destroys Forum Julium, 226: Theatre of Pompey, 517: Porticus of Pompey, 428: Graccostadium, 248: Basilica Julia, 79: Curia, 144. 284-305Reign of Diocletian: he restores Forum, 234: Basilica Julia, 79, 80: Curia, 144:
Anato'lius (*)Anato/lios), Bishop of LAODICEA (A. D. 270), was an Alexandrian by birth. Eusebius ranks him first among the men of his age, in literature, philosophy, and science, and states, that the Alexandrians urged him to open a school of Aristotelian philosophy. (H. E. 7.32.) He was of great service to the Alexandrians when they were besieged by the Romans, A. D. 262. From Alexandria he went into Syria. At Caesarea he was ordained by Theotechnus, who destined him to be his successor in the bishopric, the duties of which he discharged for a short time as the vicar of Theotechnus. Afterwards, while proceeding to attend a council at Antioch, he was detained by the people of Laodicea, and became their bishop. Of his subsequent life nothing is known; but by some he is said to have suffered martyrdom. Works Volumen de Paschate He wrote a work on the chronology of Easter, a large fragment of which is preserved by Eusebius. (l.c.) The work exists in a Latin translation, which some
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Clau'dius Gothicus (search)
Clau'dius Ii. or Clau'dius Gothicus (M. AURELIUS CLAUDIUS, surnamed GOTHICUS), Roman emperor A. D. 268-270, was descended from an obscure family in Dardania or Illyria, and was indebted for distinction to his military talents, which recommended him to the favour and confidence of Decius, by whom he was entrusted with the defence of Thermopylae against the northern invaders of Greece. By Valerian he was nominated captain-general of the Illyrian frontier, and commander of all the provinces on these glorious achievements, which gained for the emperor the title of Gothicus, by which he is usually designated, he was attacked by an epidemic which seems to have spread from the vanquished to the victors, and died at Sirmium in the course of A. D. 270, after a reign of about two years, recommending with his last breath his general Aurelian as the individual most worthy of the purple. Claudius was tall in stature, with a bright flashing eye, a broad full countenance, and possessed extraordi
ubts have been entertained with regard to the period when he flourished. Rigaltius concluded, from a conjectural emendation of his own upon the text of an obscure passage (Instruct. 33.5), that it contained an allusion to pope Sylvester (A. D. 314-335), the contemporary of Constantine the Great; but the careful and accurate researches of Cave and Dodwell have clearly proved that Commodianus belongs to the third century (comp. Instruct. 6.6), and may with tolerable certainty be placed about A. D. 270. Assessment The Instructiones display much devotion and a fervent zeal for the propagation of the Gospel, but from their harshness, dryness, and total want of all poetic fire, they present few attractions as literary productions. Versification The versification is curious, since it exhibits an early specimen of the Versus Politici, in which, while an attempt is made to imitate the general rhythm of some ancient measure, the rules of quantity are to a great extent neglected. Thus the
s Junius, Antwerp, 1568, 8vo. Among the subsequent editions we may mention those of H. Commelinus (Frankfurt, 1596, 8vo.) and Paul Stephens. (Geneva, 1616, 8vo.) The best, however, which gives a much improved text, with a commentary and notes by Wyttenbach, is that of J. F. Boissonade, Amsterdam, 1822, 2 vols. 8vo. 2. A continuation of the history of Dexippus (*Meta\ *De/cippon xronikh\ i(stori/a) In fourteen books. (Phot. Bibl. Cod. 77.) It began with the death of Claudius Gothicus, in A. D. 270, and carried the history down to A. D. 404, in which year St. Chrysostom was sent into exile, and which was the tenth year of the reign of Arcadius. This account of Photius (l.c.) seems to be contradicted by a passage of the excerpta (p. 96, ed. Bekker and Niebuhr), in which Eunapius speaks of the avarice of the empress Pulcheria, who did not obtain that dignity till A. D. 414; but the context of that passage shews that it was only a digression in the work, and that the work itself did not
Eusto'chius (*Eu)sto/xios), a physician of Alexandria, who became acquainted with the philosopher Plotinus late in life, and attended him in his last illness, A. D. 270. He arranged the works of Plotinus. (Porphyr. Vita Plot. in Plot. Opera, vol. i. p. 1. li. lvii. ed. Oxon.) [W.A.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ffered severely during his bishopric. In the Decian persecution he fled into the wilderness, not, as it really appears, from fear, but to preserve his life for the sake of his flock. He was a warm champion of orthodoxy, and sat in the council which was held at Antioch in A. D. 265, to inquire into the heresies of Paul of Samosata. He died not long afterwards. The very probable emendation of Kuster to Suidas, substituting the name of Aurelian for that of Julian, would bring down his life to A. D. 270. This is not the place to inquire into the miracles which are said to have been performed by Gregory at every step of his life. One example of them is sufficient. On his journey from the wilderness to his see he spent a night in a heathen temple. The mere presence of the holy man exorcised the demons, so that, when the Pagan priest came in the morning to perform the usual service, he could obtain no sign of the presence of his divinities. Enraged at Gregory, he threatened to take him bef
Lupercus (*Lou/perkos), of Berytus, a learned grammarian, lived a little time before the Roman emperor Claudius II. (reigned A. D. 268-270). He was the author, according to Suidas, of the following works :-three books on the particle a)\n, *Peri tou= taw/s, *Peri\ th=s karidos, *Peri\ tou= para\ *Pla/twni a)lektruo/nos, a *Kti/sis of the Egyptian town Arsinoetus or Arsinoe, *)Attikai\ le/ces, *Te/xnh grammatikh/, and thirteen books on the three genders, in which Suidas says that Lupercus surpasses Herodian in many point
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