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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
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Achilleus assumed the title of emperor under Diocletian and reigned over Egypt for some time. He was at length taken by Diocletian after a siege of eight months in Alexandria, and put to death, A. D. 296. (Eutrop. 9.14, 15; Aurel. Vict. de Caes. 39.)
Allectus was raised to the highest dignities in Britain during the dominion of Carausius ; but the crimes which he committed, and the fear of punishment on account of them, led him in A. D. 293 to murder Carausius and assume the imperial title in Britain for himself. He enjoyed his honours for three years, at the end of which Constantius sent Asclepiodotus with an army and fleet against him. Allectus was defeated in A. D. 296, and Britain was thus cleared of usurpers. (Aurel. Vict. de Caes. 39; Eutrop. 9.14.) On the annexed coin the inscription is IMP. C. ALLECTUS. AUG., P. F. [L.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Athana'sius or St. Athana'sius (search)
Athana'sius or St. Athana'sius (*)Aqana/sios), ST., archbishop of Alexandria, was born in that city, a few years before the close of the third century. The date of his birth cannot be ascertained with exactness ; but it is assigned by Montfaucon, on grounds sufficiently probable, to A. D. 296. No particulars are recorded of the lineage or the parents of Athanasius. The dawn of his character and genius seems to have given fair promise of his subsequent eminence; for Alexander, then primate of Egypt, brought him up in his own family, and superintended his education with the view of dedicating him to the Christian ministry. We have no account of the studies pursued by Athanasius in his youth, except the vague statement of Gregory Nazianzen, that he devoted comparatively little attention to general literature, but acquired an extraordinary knowledge of the Scriptures. His early proficiency in Biblical knowledge is credible enough; but though he was much inferior in general learning to s
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Constantinus Magnus or Constantine the Great or Constantine Magnus (search)
author's "Commentationes Historicae," Basel, 1741, 4to. Constantine was distinguished by the choicest gifts of nature, but his education was chiefly military. When his father obtained the supreme command in Gaul, Britain, and Spain, he did not accompany him, but remained with the emperor Diocletian as a kind of hostage for the fidelity of his parent, and he attended that emperor on his celebrated expedition in Egypt. After the capture of Alexandria and the pacification of that country in A. D. 296, Constantine served under Galerius in the Persian war, which resulted in the conquest and final cession to the Romans of Iberia, Armenia, Mesopotamia, and the adjoining countries, for which Diocletian and Maximian celebrated a triumph in Rome in 303. In these wars Constantine distinguished himself so much by personal courage as well as by higher military talents, that he became the favourite of the army, and was as a reward appointed tribunus militum of the first class. But he was not allo
minary, allowing him, however, to retain his post at court, and at the same time doubling his salary, which thus amounted to the large sum of 600,000 sesterces, or about 5000l. per annum. The principal, before entering on his duties, delivered (A. D. 296 or 297) the oration now before us, in the presenee of the praeses of Gallia Lugdunensis, in order that he might publicly acknowledge the liberality of the prince, might explain his own views as to the manner in which the objects in view could bport of the establishment. We find included (100.14) an interesting letter addressed by Constantius to Eumenius. 2. Panegyricus Constantino Caesari dictus. A congratulatory address upon the recovery of Britain, delivered towards the close of A. D. 296, or the beginning of 297. [ALLECTUS; CARAUSIUS.] 3. Panegyricus Constantino Augusto dictus This was pronounced at Treves, A. D. 310, on the birth-day of the city, in the presence of Constantine, containing an outline of the career of the emp
ry. As he was above a century old at the time of his death, his birth cannot be fixed later than A. D. 257, and is commonly fixed in 256. That he was a Spaniard is generally admitted, though if he be (as Tillemont not unreasonably suspects), the person mentioned by Zosimus (2.29), he was an Egyptian by birth. That he was a native of Corduba (Cordova) is a mere conjecture of Nicolaus Antonio. As he held the bishopric of Corduba above sixty years, his elevation to that see was not later than A. D. 296. He assisted at the council of Iliberi or Eliberi, near Granada, and his name appears in the Acta of the council as given by Labbe. (Concil. vol. i. col. 967, &c.) The date of this council is variously computed. Labbe fixes it in A. D. 305, and Cave follows him; but Tillemont contends for A. D. 300. Hosius suffered, as his own letter to the emperor Constantius shows, in the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian, but to what extent, and in what manner, is not to be gathered from the gen
d in the tine of Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, who died A. D. 326. It is likely, therefore, that the mention of Constantine's name is an error of the biographer, and that Tillemont is right in thinking that the conscription in which Pachomius was drawn was ordered by Maximin II. We may, therefore, with Tillemont, fix the time of Pachomius birth in A. D. 292. Papebroche makes the war to be that of Diocletian (under whom Constantine, then a youth, was serving) against the usurper Achilles,A. D. 296, but this supposition is inadmissible. The conscripts were embarked in a boat and conveyed down the Nile; and being landed at Thebes, were placed in confinement, apparently to prevent desertion. Here they were visited and relieved by the Christians of the place, and a grateful curiosity led Pachomius to inquire into the character and opinions of the charitable strangers. Struck with what he heard of them, he seized the first opportunity of solitude to offer the simple and touching prayer