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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUGUSTUS, DOMUS (2) (search)
the senate decreed that an oak crown should be placed over the door (Fast. Praen. 13 Jan.; Mon. Anc. vi. 13; Cass. Dio liii. 16. 4; Ov. Fasti, i. 509; iv. 951; for a representation cf. the Sorrento base (Mitt. 1889, pl. x.; 1894, 238 sqq.; SScR 76), and Cohen, Aug. 385=BM. Aug. 126). The authors speak of its great simplicity, and of a lofty tower chamber, into which the emperor was glad to retire (Suet. Aug. 72, 73) and of an AEDICULA ET ARA VESTAE (q.v.). The house was destroyed by fire in 3 A.D. (Cass. Dio lv. 12; Suet. Aug. 57), and Augustus only accepted pro forma the contributions made for its repair. Hulsen suggests that the older remains under the basilica, peristyle and triclinium of the DOMUS AUGUSTIANA (v. p. 161) may belong to the palace of Augustus (HJ go). But even if we accept his theory as to the temple of Apollo, on which this depends, this is only possible for the former group, to which, however, the rooms under the large hall to the S.E. and the so-called lararium mu
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MAGNA MATER, AEDES (search)
.C., by the praetor M. Junius Brutus, on which occasion the ludi Megalenses were instituted (Liv. loc. cit.; Fast. Praen. ap. CIL i". p. 235, 314-315, cf. p. 251=vi. 32498; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 91) and celebrated in front of the temple (Cic. de har. resp. 24; cf. for site Ov. Fast. ii. 55; Mart. vii. 73. 3). It was burned in 111 B.C., when the statue of Quinta Cloelia within it was uninjured, restored by a Metellus, probably the consul of 110 B.C., burned again and restored by Augustus in 3 A.D. (Val. Max. i. 8. II; Obseq. 99; Ov. Fast. iv. 347-348; Mon. Anc. iv. 8), and was standing unharmed in the fourth century (Not. Reg. X). It is referred to incidentally under date of 38 B.C. (Cass. Dio xlviii. 43. 4), by Juvenal (ix. 23) as a place of assignation, and in the third century (Hist. Aug. Claud. 4; Aurel. I). The stone needle itself is described by a late writer (Arnob. adv. gentes vii. 49) as small and set in a silver statue of the goddess (cf. Herodianus ab exc. d. Marci i. II; A
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
ustus builds Atrium Minervae, 57. Macellum Liviae dedicated by Tiberius, 322. Terminal stones of Tiber banks, 537. 5Augustus rebuilds arch of aqueducts over Via Tiburtina, 417. 2Temple of Mars Ultor dedicated, 220. Forum of Augustus dedicated (unfinished), 220. Water brought to Circus Flaminius, 112. Naumachia Augusti, 357. Inscriptions on Basilica Aemilia to Augustus and his grandsons, 74. A.D. 2Tiberius resides in Gardens of Maecenas, 269. Arch of Lentulus and Crispinus, 40. 3Temple of the Magna Mater restored, 324. Horti Lamiani, 267. House of Augustus burnt, 157. 6Tiberius rebuilds Temple of Castor, 103. 7Altar of Ceres Mater and Ops Augusta, 110. Temple of Isis destroyed (?), 284. 10(before). Livia restores Temple of Bona Dea Subsaxana, 85. Arch of Dolabella and Silanus, 38. Temple of Concord completed, 139. 12Basilica Julia rebuilt after a fire, 79. 14Augustus restores Aqua Julia, 24. 14-37Reign of Tiberius: Tiberius builds Temple of Augustus, 62;
Ammo'nius the MONK, flourished A. D. 372. He was one of the Four Great Brothers (so called from their height), disciples of Pambo, the monk of Mt. Nitria (Vitae Patrum, 2.23; Pallad. Hist. Laus. 100.12, ed. Rosweyd. p. 543.) He knew the Bible by heart, and carefully studied Didymus, Origen, and the other ecclesiastical authors. In A. D. 339-341 he accompanied St. Athanasius to Rome. In A. D. 371-3, Peter II. succeeded the latter, and when he fled to Rome from his Arian persecutors, Ammonius retired from Canopus into Palestine. He witnessed the cruelties of the Saracens against the monks of Mount Sinai A. D. 377, and received intelligence of the sufferings of others near the Red Sea. On his return to Egypt, he took up his abode at Memphis, and described these distresses in a book which he wrote in Egyptian. This being found at Naucratis by a priest, named John, was by him translated into Greek, and in that form is extant, in Christi Martyrum Electi triumphi (p. 88, ed. Combefis, 8vo.,
He'lvia 2. Wife of M. Annaeus Seneca, of Corduba, the rhetorician, and mother of his three sons, M. Annaeus Novatus, L. Annaeus Seneca, the philosopher, and L. Annaeus Mela. (Sen. Consol. ad Helv. 2.) Helvia was probably a native of Spain, and followed her husband to Rome, about A. D. 3-5, while her second son was an infant. (Ibid. 17.) The life of Helvia is contained in Seneca's address of condolence to his mother (Consolatio ad Helviam) on his exile to Corsica, in the reign of Claudius, A. D. 47-9. Through the rhetorical amplifications of this address we discover that Helvia had borne her full share of the sorrows of life. Her mother died in giving birth to her. She was brought up by a stepmother. She had lost her husband and a most indulgent uncle within a month of each other; and her grief for the untimely decease of one of her grandsons was embittered by the exile of her son. Helvia had at least one sister (Cons. ad Helv. 17), but her name is unknown. [W.B.D]
La'mia 2. L. Aelius Lamia, the son of the preceding, and the friend of Horace, was consul in A. D. 3. He was appointed by Tiberius governor of Syria, but was never allowed to enter upon the administration of his province. On the death of L. Piso in A. D. 32, Lamia succeeded him in the office of praefectus urbi, but he died in the following year, A. D. 33, and was honoured with a censor's funeral. (D. C. 58.19; Tac. Ann. 6.27.) Two of Horace's odes are addressed to him. (Carm. 1.26, 3.17.)
r's displeasure prepared the way for his downfal. At the council of Seleuceia (A. D. 359), where the Acacian or pure Arian party and the semi-Arians were openly divided and seceded from each other, some charges against him, apparently of cruelty, are said to have been contemplated. He did not appear at the first sitting of the council, alleging sickness, but he was present afterwards; and if any hostile proceedings were contemplated, no steps appear to have been openly taken against him. In A. D. 3G0, however, in a council held at Constantinople, he was deposed by the Acacians, who were favoured by Constantius, on the plea that he had been the occasion of many murders, and because he had admitted to communion a deacon convicted of adultery; but in reality to gratify Constantius, who was irritated against him, and perhaps also because he would not adopt their views. Though expelled from Constantinople he was not disposed to remain quiet, but sought to unite himself more closely with t
d its functions unconstitutional--incivilem potestatem (Euseb. 1991),--or himself unequal to their discharge--quasi nescius imperandi (Tac. Ann. 6.11; comp. D. C. 54.6). Messalla soon afterwards withdrew from all public employments except his augurship, to which Augustus had specially appointed him, although, at the time of his admission, there was no vacancy in the augural college. (D. C. 49.16.) About two years before his death, which happened about the middle of Augustus's reign, B. C. 3-A. D. 3 (Dialog. de Orat. 17), Messalla's memory failed him, and he often could not recall his own name. (Hieron. ad Euseb. 2027; Plin. Nat. 7.24.) A statue erected by Augustus in his own forum to M. Valerius Corvus, consul in B. C. 348, was probably either a tribute to his living or a memorial of his deceased friend Messalla. (Gel. 9.11; comp. Suet. Aug. 21.) He left at least one son, Aurelius Cotta Messallinus [COTTA, No. 12]; and he had a brother who bore the name of Gellius Poplicola. (D. C. 47
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Saturni'nus, Volu'sius 2. L. Volusius Saturninus, son of the preceding, was consul suffectus, A. D. 3. He died in the reign of Nero, A. D. 56, at the age of ninety-three, having survived all the persons who were members of the senate during his consulship. It appears from Pliny that he was praefect of the city at the time of his death. The great wealth which he had inherited from his father he still further increased by economy. (Tac. Ann. 13.30, 14.56; Plin. Nat. 7.12. s. 14, 7.48. s. 49, 11.3. s. 90.)
Sauromates 1. SAUROMATES I. was contemporary with Augustus and Tiberius : and assumed, in compliment to the latter emperor, the names of Tiberius Julius, which appear on some of his coins. The date on the one annexed, incorrectly copied in the engraving, is *Q*O|*S, or 299, which corresponds with A. D. 3: others bear dates as late as the year 310 of the Bosporan era, or A. D. 14. None of those with the titles of Ti. Julius have any dates, and Mionnet considers (apparently without sufficient reason) that these belong to a second king of the name of Sauromates. According to Eckhel (Ib. p. 375), Pepaepiris was the wife of this Sauromates [PEPAEPIRIS]; but later numismatists consider her as the queen of Mithridates king of Bosporus. It appears probable, also, that the true form of her name is Gepaepiris. (Dumersan, M├ędailles d'Allier, pp. 64, 66; Mionnet. Suppl. iv. pp. 482, 496.)
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