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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
William Alexander Linn, Horace Greeley Founder and Editor of The New York Tribune 1 1 Browse Search
James Parton, The life of Horace Greeley 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: November 30, 1863., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 300 AD or search for 300 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
d by the name Aurelius simply. The name Charisius was not uncommon in the decline of the empire, and, when it occurs on coins, it is usually spelled Carisius, as if it were etymologically connected with Carus rather than xa/ris. The jurist, according to Panziroli (de Clar. Jur. Interpp. pp. 13, 59), was the same with the Arcadius to whom Carus, Carinus, and Numerianus directed a rescript, A. D. 283. (Cod. 9. tit. 11. s. 4.) There is a constitution of Diocletianus and Maximianus, addressed, A. D. 300-2, to Arcadius Chresimus. (Cod. 2. tit. 3. s. 27.) Panziroli would here read Charisius for Chresimus, and would also identify our Charisius with the Carisius (Vat. M. S.; vulg. lect. Charissimus), praeses of Syria, to whom was addressed (A. D. 290) an earlier constitution of the same emperors. (Cod. 9. tit. 41. s. 9.) These identifications, however, though not absolutely impossible, rest upon mere conjecture, and would require the jurist to have lived to a very advanced age. Three works o
Cyrus 5. Cyrus, St., was a native of Alexandria, where he practised medicine gratuitously and with great reputation. He was a Christian, and took every opportunity of endeavouring to convert his patients from paganism. During the persecution of Diocletian he fled to Arabia, where he was said to heal diseases not so much by his medicines as by miraculous powers. He was put to death with many tortures by the command of the prefect Syrianus, in company with several other martyrs, A. D. 300; and his remains were carried to Rome, and there buried. His memory is celebrated on the thirty-first of January both by the Romish and Greek churches. (Acta Sanctor.; Menolog. Graecor.; Bzovius, Nomencl. Sanctor. Professione Medicor.; C. B. Carpzovius, De Medicis ab Eccles. pro Sanctis habitis.) [W.A.G]
by birth. That he was a native of Corduba (Cordova) is a mere conjecture of Nicolaus Antonio. As he held the bishopric of Corduba above sixty years, his elevation to that see was not later than A. D. 296. He assisted at the council of Iliberi or Eliberi, near Granada, and his name appears in the Acta of the council as given by Labbe. (Concil. vol. i. col. 967, &c.) The date of this council is variously computed. Labbe fixes it in A. D. 305, and Cave follows him; but Tillemont contends for A. D. 300. Hosius suffered, as his own letter to the emperor Constantius shows, in the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian, but to what extent, and in what manner, is not to be gathered from the general term "confessus sum," which he uses. The reverence which his unsullied integrity excited was increased by his endurance of persecution ; and he acquired the especial favour of the emperor Constantine the Great. In A. D. 324 Constantine sent him to Alexandria with a soothing letter, in which he
Leo'ntius a physician, saint, and martyr, who was probably of Arabian origin, but born at Vicentia in Venetia, in the third century after Christ. He afterwards removed to Aquileia in Venetia, where, in company with St. Carpophorus, who was either his brother or intimate friend, he distinguished himself by his zeal in favour of Christianity. For this offence they were brought before the governor Lysias, and after being tortured in various modes, and (according to the legend) miraculously delivered, they were at last beheaded, probably A. D. 300. Their memory is celebrated by the Romish church, on August 20th. See the Acta Sanctorum (in Aug. 20), where several difficulties are critically discussed at length. [W.A.G]
of the subsequent generation. What were the religious opinions of Lucian himself it is difficult exactly to determine. They were such as to expose him to the charge of heterodoxy, and to induce three successive bishops of Antioch to excommunicate him, or else to induce him to withdraw with his followers from communion with them. According to Valesius and Tillemont the three bishops were Domnus, the successor of Paul of Samosata (A. D. 269-273), Timaeus (A. D. 273-280), and Cyrillus (A. D. 280-300) ; and Tillemont dates his separation from A. D. 269, and thinks it continued ten or twelve years. The testimony of Alexander, patriarch of Alexandria (apud Theodoret, H. E. 1.4), who was partly contemporary with Lucian, makes the fact of this separation indisputable. He states that Lucian remained out of communion with the church for many years; and that he was the successor in heresy of Paul of Samosata, and the precursor of Arins. Arins himself, in a letter to Eusebius of Nicomedeia (apud
Petrus (*Pe/tros), literary and ecclesiastical. 1. Of ALEXANDRIA (1). Petrus or Peter, the first of that name in the st of the bishops of Alexandria, succeeded Theonas in that see sometime between Easter and the latter part of November, A. D. 300, according to Tillemont's calculation ; and exercised his episcopal functions more than eleven (Eusebius says for twelve) years. Of the time and place of his birth we have no account. Cave considers that he was probably born at Alexandria, and that he was there "trained alike to virtue and to sacred literature by his predecessor Theonas ;" but we do not know that these statements ments are more than inferences from his being chosen to succeed Theonas. He had not occupied the see quite three years when the persecution commenced by the emperor Diocletian [DIOCLETIANUS] and continued by his successors, broke out A. D. 304. During its long continuance Peter was obliged to flee from one hiding-place to another. The monk Ammonius (De Caede SS. P
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Philosto'rgius (search)
ive of Borissus in Cappadocia, the son of Carterius and Eulampia. He was born in the reign of Valentinian and Valens in A. D. 358, according to Gothofredus (Proleg. ad Philost. p. 5, &c.), about A. D. 367, according to Vossius (de Hist. Gr. p. 314). He was 20 years old when Eunomius was expelled from Caesareia [EUNOMIUS]. Like his father Carterius, he warmly embraced the doctrines of Eunomius. Works Ecclesiastical History He wrote an ecclesiastical history, from the heresy of Arius in A. D. 300, down to the period when Theodosius the Younger conferred the empire of the West on Valentinian the Younger (A. D. 425). The work was composed in twelve books, which began respectively with the twelve letters of his name, so as to form a sort of acrostic. In this history he lost no opportunity of extolling the Arians and Eunomians, while he overwhelmed the orthodox party with abuse, with the single exception of Gregorius of Nazianzus. Photius charges him with introducing gross misrepresent