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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 314 AD or search for 314 AD in all documents.

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ntiles with the object of gaining them over to the true faith; in the nine which follow an attempt is made to bring home conviction to the obstinate ignorance of the Jews; the remainder are devoted to the instruction of catechumens and penitents. Date Doubts have been entertained with regard to the period when he flourished. Rigaltius concluded, from a conjectural emendation of his own upon the text of an obscure passage (Instruct. 33.5), that it contained an allusion to pope Sylvester (A. D. 314-335), the contemporary of Constantine the Great; but the careful and accurate researches of Cave and Dodwell have clearly proved that Commodianus belongs to the third century (comp. Instruct. 6.6), and may with tolerable certainty be placed about A. D. 270. Assessment The Instructiones display much devotion and a fervent zeal for the propagation of the Gospel, but from their harshness, dryness, and total want of all poetic fire, they present few attractions as literary productions. Ve
Liba'nius (*Liba/nios), the most distinguished among the Greek sophists and rhetoricians of the fourth century of our era. He was born at Antioch, on the Orontes, and belonged to an illustrious family of that place; but the year of his birth is uncertain, some assigning it to A. D. 314, and others two years later, according to a passage in one of the orations of Libanius (i. p. 94, ed. Reiske). He received his first education, which was probably not of a very high character, in his native place, but being urged on by an invincible desire of acquiring knowledge and cultivating his mind, he went to Athens. He himself mentions among his teachers Cleobulus, Didymus, and Zenobius (Epist. 50, 100, 321, 407, 1181). While at Athens, he became the object of a series of intrigues, against which he had to struggle throughout his subsequent life. The pedantry then prevalent at Athens, to which he was obliged to submit, made a bad impression upon him, so that he appears to have devoted himself m
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'rus TABENNENSIS (search)
Theodo'rus TABENNENSIS 70. TABENNENSIS, abbot of Tabenna, was born about A. D. 314, at Latopolis in the Thebaid. He belonged to a Christian family of station and wealth. As his mother is frequently mentioned, but not his father, it would appear that she was left a widow while Theodorus was still young. He had two brothers, Macarius and Paphnutius, who were also monks at Tabenna. Macarius was older than Theodorus, and his half-brother. Theodorus appears to have addicted himself to ascetic rules of living at a very early age. When not more than thirteen or fourteen years old, he joined some recluses, and was soon afterwards introduced to Pachomius at Tabenna, by whom he was received with great favour, and under whom he is said to have made rapid advances in all monastic virtues. His example seems to have induced his mother to enter a convent which Pachomius had established. Notwithstanding his youth, Theodorus was employed by Pachomius to supply his place in instructing the other monks
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Valens, Aure'lius Vale'rius an officer whom Licinius, after the battle of Cibalis (A. D. 314), associated with himself as colleague in the empire, and whom he put to death a few months afterwards, when he concluded a peace with Constantine, who stipulated positively for the deposition of this puppet Caesar. Eckhel assigns a medal hearing on the obverse the legend IMP. C. AUR. VAL. VALENS. P. F. AUG., and on the reverse JOVI CONSERVATORI AUGG., to this Valens ; but it seems doubtful whether he ever received, formally at least, any higher title than that of Caesar. [Compare MARTINIANUS.] (Excerpta Vales. 17, 18; Aurel. Vict. Epit. 40 ; Zosim. 2.19,, 20.) [W.R]