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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), BOOK VII., CHAPTER VI. (search)
Blind, applying this name to the Chalcedonians, who, although they were the first persons to arrive in these parts, had omitted to take possession of the opposite side, which afforded such great resources of wealth, and chose the barren coast. We have continued our description to Byzantium, because this celebrated city,The ancient Byzantium, there are grounds for believing, was marked by the present walls of the Seraglio. The enlarged city was founded by the emperor Constantine, A. D. 328, who gave it his name, and made it the rival of Rome itself. It was taken from the Greeks in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks in 1261 under the emperor Michael Palæologus, and conquered by the Turks in 1453. The crescent found on some of the ancient Byzantine coins was adopted as a symbol by the Turks. by its proximity to the mouth of the Euxine Sea, forms a better-known and more remarkable termination of an account of the coast from the Danube than any other.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
e of Venus and Rome injured by fire and restored, 553. 311Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 312-337Reign of Constantine: he completes Basilica, 76: Equestrian statue in Forum, 201; restores House of Vestals, 60: Circus Maximus, 117: Basin of Meta Sudans, 340: Arch of Janus Quadrifrons, 280: Porticus, 421: Aqua Virgo, 29. 312Castra Praetoria dismantled, 107. 315 (before). Thermae Constantinianae, 421, 525. 315-316Arch of Constantine, 36. 328Statio Aquarum restored, 313. 331(ca.). Basilica of Junius Bassus, 80. 341Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus on Janiculum destroyed, 295. 344-345Baths of Agrippa restored, 518. 352-353Equus Constantii, 201. 356Visit of Constantius: base in Comitium, 137; Pantheon, 385. 357Constantius sets up obelisk in Circus Maximus, 118, 367. 357-362Mithraeum of Tamesius, 345. 357Altar of Victory in Curia removed, 570. 358(ca.). Balnea Neratii Cerealis, 70. 360-363Julian: Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus
Agathe'merus (*)Agaqh/meros), the son of Orthon, and the author of a small geographical work in two books, entitled th=s gewgrafi/as u(potupw/seis e)n e)pitomh= (A Sketch of Geography in epitome), addressed to his pupil Philon. His age cannot be fixed with much certainty, but he is supposed to have lived about the beginning of the third century after Christ. He lived after Ptolemy, whom he often quotes, and before the foundation of Constantinople on the site of Byzantium in A. D. 328, as he mentions only the old city Byzantium. (2.14.) Wendelin has attempted to shew that he wrote in the beginning of the third century, from the statement he gives of the distance of the tropic from the equator; but Dodwell, who thinks he lived nearer the time of Ptolemy, contends that the calculation cannot be depended on. From his speaking of Albion e)n h(=| strato/peda i(/drutai, it has been thought that he wrote not very long after the erection of the wall of Severus. This is probably true, but the
were to be burnt, and stigmatizing the Arians with the name of Porphyrians -- (from Porphyrius, a heathen opponent of Christianity, who had nothing to do with the Arian question). The Arians at Alexandria, however, remained in a state of insurrection, and began to make common cause with the Meletians, a sect which had likewise been condemned by the council of Nicaea, for both had to regard Alexander, and his successor Athanasius, as their common enemies. Arius remained in Illyricum till A. D. 328, when Eusebius of Nicomedeia and his friends used their influence at the court of Constantine, to persuade the emperor that the creed of Arius did not in reality differ from that established by the council of Nicaea. In consequence of this Arius was recalled from his exile by very gracious letters from the emperor, and in A. D. 330, had an audience with Constantine, to whom he presented a confession of faith, which consisted almost entirely of passages of the scriptures, and apparently con
Persians, Lydians, Hebrews, and Egyptians. It is chiefly taken from the pentabi/blion xronologiko\n of Africanus [AFRICANUS, SEX. JULIUS], and gives lists of kings and other magistrates, with short accounts of remarkable events from the creation to the time of Eusebius. The second book consists of synchronological tables, with similar catalogues of rulers and striking occurrences, from the time of Abraham to the celebration of Constantine's Vicennalia at Nicomedeia, A. D. 327, and at Rome, A. D. 328. Eusebius's object in writing it was to give an account of ancient history, previous to the time of Christ, in order to establish belief in the truth of the Old Testament History, and to point out the superior antiquity of the Mosaic to any other writings. For he says that whereas different accounts had been given of the age of Moses, it would be found from his work that he was contemporary with Cecrops, and therefore not only prior to Homer, Hesiod, and the Trojan war, but also to Hercule
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
repudiate his wife, to make way for Theodora, the step-child of Maximianus Herculius : but the necessity of such a divorce is in itself a sufficient proof that the existing marriage was regarded as regular and legal. Subsequently, when her son succeeded to the purple, Helena was in some degree compensated for her suffering, for she was treated during the remainder of her career with the most marked distinction, received the title of Augusta, and after her death, at an advanced age, about A. D. 328, her memoory was kept alive by the names of Helenopolis and Helenopontus, bestowed respectively upon a city of Syria, a city of Bithynia, and a district bordering on the Euxine. The virtues of this holy lady, her attachment to the Christian faith, which she appears to have embraced at the instance of Constantine, her pilgrimage to Jerusalem, where she was believed to have discovered the sepulchre of our Lord, together with the wood of the true cross, and her zealous patronage of the faithf
ecluse St. Antony in the Egyptian desert. His wife, Aristaeneta, was with him, and they were accompanied by three sons. On their departure from Egypt, the sons were all taken ill at Gaza, and given up by the physicians, but were restored to health by the prayers (as was supposed) of St. Hilarion, who was then leading a solitary life near Gaza, and to whom Aristaeneta, a lady of eminent piety, paid a visit. The data furnished by St. Jerome enable us to fix the date of this visit to Egypt at A. D. 328; and as Helpidius had then three sons old enough to encounter the difficulties of such a journey, it is obvious that he might have been vicarius of Italy in 320. In A. D. 356 Aristaeneta visited Hilarion again, and was about to visit Antony when she was prevented by the intelligence of his death. Jerome speaks of Helpidius as praefect at this time; but if this is correct, he must have held some other praefecture before that of the East, in which he succeeded Hermogenes. Ammianus places his
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Porphy'rius, Publi'lius Optatia'nus a Roman poet, who lived in the age of Constantine the Great. From his panegyric on this emperor, we learn that he had been banished for some reason; and Constantine was so pleased with the flattery of the poet, that he not only recalled him from exile, but honoured him with a letter. Hieronymus says that he was restored to his native country in A. D. 328; but the panegyric must have been presented to Constantine in A. D. 326, as in the manuscript it is said to have been composed in the Vicennalia of the emperor, which were celebrated in this year, and likewise from the fact that the poet praises Crispus, the son of Constantine, who was put to death by order of his the in A. D. 326. We may therefore conclude that the panegyric was written in the previous year. and was intended to celebrate the Vicennalia of the emperor It is probable that Publilius, after his return, was raised to offices of honour and trust, since Tillemont points out (Histoire d
VALENS emperor of the East A. D. 364-378, the brother of Valentinian [VALENTINIANUS I.], was born about A. D. 328. The name of his wife was Albia Dominica, by whom he had a son and two daughters. Under Julian he was one of the Domestici. He was made emperor of the East by his brother on the 28th of March A. D. 364, as is told in the article VALENTINIANUS. Valens had in his service the Prefect Sallustius, and the generals Lupicinus, Victor, and Arinthaeus. By a constitution of the 16th of December of this year, he forbade the practice of giving presents to those who carried to the provinces important news, such as the accession of an emperor or his assumption of the consulship : he allowed the carriers of such news to receive the presents which persons of property or condition might choose to give, but not to exact anything from those who were not in easy circumstances. The Goths are spoken of as having made their appearance in Thrace in this year, but they were induced to retire, p
undred years. The Princess Anna Comnena, in mentioning resin, sulphur, and oil as its components, only intended, it is probable, to baffle curiosity by telling just so much as everybody knew already. In 1098, the fleet of Alexis Comnenus used Greekfire against the Pisans. His ships had siphos fore and aft, in form of syringes, which squirted the inflamed matters. It is believed that the ancient Byzantium was marked by the present walls of the Seraglio. Con- stantine enlarged it A. D. 328, gave it its name, and made it the rival of Rome. It was taken from the Greeks, in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks, in 1261, under the Emperor Michael Palaeologus; captured by the Turks in 1453. An old recipe for Greek-fire is thus given: — Aspaltum, nepta, dragantum, pix quoque Graeca, Sulphur, vernicis, de perolio quoque vitro. Mercurii, sal gemmae Graeci dicitur ignis. Another reads as follows: Take of pulverized resin, sulphur, and pitch equal parts;