undred years. The Princess Anna Comnena, in mentioning resin, sulphur, and oil as its components, only intended, it is probable, to baffle curiosity by telling just so much as everybody knew already.
In 1098, the fleet of Alexis Comnenus used Greekfire against the Pisans.
His ships had siphos fore and aft, in form of syringes, which squirted the inflamed matters.
It is believed that the ancient Byzantium was marked by the present walls of the Seraglio.
Con- stantine enlarged it A. D. 328, gave it its name, and made it the rival of Rome.
It was taken from the Greeks, in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks, in 1261, under the Emperor Michael Palaeologus; captured by the Turks in 1453.
An old recipe for Greek-fire is thus given: —
Aspaltum, nepta, dragantum, pix quoque Graeca, Sulphur, vernicis, de perolio quoque vitro. Mercurii, sal gemmae Graeci dicitur ignis.
Another reads as follows: Take of pulverized resin, sulphur, and pitch equal parts;