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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BASILICA IUNII BASSI (search)
BASILICA IUNII BASSI consul ordinarius in 331 A.D. (not 317, cf. Gotting. Nachr. 1904, 345), situated on the Esquiline east of S. Maria Maggiore. The inscription, in mosaic, was copied in the sixteenth century (Iunius Bassus, v.c. consul ordinarius propria impensa a solo fecit et dedicavit feliciter, CIL vi. 1737) in the apse of a richly decorated hall belonging to it. He died in 359 (ib. 32004). In the time of Pope Simplicius (468-483) the hall was dedicated by the munificence of the Goth Valila (or Flavius Theodobius) as the church of S. Andrea cata Barbara Patricia (LP xlviii. 1). Drawings of the fine decorations in marble and mosaic were made by Giuliano da Sangallo (Barb. 31' and text, p. 47) and at the end of the sixteenth century (see Hulsen in Festschrift fur Julius Schlosser (Vienna, 1926), 53-67, at the end of which a list of the drawings is given; add Windsor, Portfolio 5, No. 60 (Inv. 12121), for which see PBS vi. 186, n. 2; and Holkham, ii. 8, 9, 11; Badde
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
re and restored, 553. 311Secretarium Senatus restored, 146. 312-337Reign of Constantine: he completes Basilica, 76: Equestrian statue in Forum, 201; restores House of Vestals, 60: Circus Maximus, 117: Basin of Meta Sudans, 340: Arch of Janus Quadrifrons, 280: Porticus, 421: Aqua Virgo, 29. 312Castra Praetoria dismantled, 107. 315 (before). Thermae Constantinianae, 421, 525. 315-316Arch of Constantine, 36. 328Statio Aquarum restored, 313. 331(ca.). Basilica of Junius Bassus, 80. 341Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus on Janiculum destroyed, 295. 344-345Baths of Agrippa restored, 518. 352-353Equus Constantii, 201. 356Visit of Constantius: base in Comitium, 137; Pantheon, 385. 357Constantius sets up obelisk in Circus Maximus, 118, 367. 357-362Mithraeum of Tamesius, 345. 357Altar of Victory in Curia removed, 570. 358(ca.). Balnea Neratii Cerealis, 70. 360-363Julian: Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus on Janiculum rebuilt, 295;
Abla'vius 1. Prefect of the city, the minister and favourite of Constantine the Great was murdered after the death of the latter. (Zosimus, 2.40.) He was consul A. D. 331. Their is an epigram extant attributed to him, in which the reigns of Nero and Constantine are compared. (Anth. Lat. n. 2 (61, ed. Meyer.)
physicians (S. Gr. p. 293, D) and made such progress in Eristicism, that he became a paid advocate for such as wished their own theories exhibited most advantageously. On his mother's death he studied under Paulinus H., Arian Bishop of Antioch, A. D. 331; but his powers of disputation having exasperated some influential persons about Eulalius, the successor of Paulinus, he was obliged to quit Antioch for Anazarbus, where he resumed the trade of a goldsmith, A. D. 331. (Phil. 3.15.) Here a profeA. D. 331. (Phil. 3.15.) Here a professor of grammar noticed him, employed him as a servant, and instructed him; but he was dismissed in disgrace on publicly disputing against his master's interpretation of the Scripture. The Arian Bishop of the city, named Athanasius, received him and read with him the Gospels. Afterwards he read the Epistles with Antonius, a priest of Tarsus till the promotion of the latter to the Episcopate, when he returned to Antioch and studied the Prophets with the priest Leontius. His obtrusive irreligion
e of this Arius was recalled from his exile by very gracious letters from the emperor, and in A. D. 330, had an audience with Constantine, to whom he presented a confession of faith, which consisted almost entirely of passages of the scriptures, and apparently confirmed the representation which Eusebius had given of his opinions. The emperor thus deceived, granted to Arius the permission to return to Alexandria. (Socrat. H. E. 1.25; Rufin. H. E. 1.5.) On the arrival of Arius in Alexandria, A. D. 331, Athanasius, notwithstanding the threats of Eusebius and the strict orders of the emperor, refused to receive him into the communion of the church; for new outbreaks took place at Alexandria, and the Meletians openly joined the Arians. (Athanas. Apolog. § 59.) Eusebius, who was still the main supporter of the Arian party, had secured its ascendancy in Syria, and caused the synod of Tyre, in A. D. 335, to depose Athanasius, and another synod held in the same year at Jerusalem, to revoke the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
. Of these two, the priority of date is probably, for several reasons, to be assigned to the former. It may be here mentioned, that Hermogenianus occupies the last place in the Florentine Index. Charisius cites Modestinus with applause (Dig. 50. tit. 4. s. 18.26), but his date is more closely to be collected from Dig. 1. tit. 11. s. un. § 1, where he states that appeal from the sentences of the praefecti praetorio has been abolished. Now, this appeal was abolished by Constantine the Great, A. D. 331 (Cod. 7. tit. 62. s. 19), and, from the language of Charisius in Dig. 1. tit. 11, it may be inferred, that Constantine was alive at the time when that passage was written. Charisius is sometimes (e. g. Dig. 22. tit. 5. s. 1. pr.) cited in the Digest by the name " Arcadius, qui et Charisius," and by Joannes Lydus (de Magist. Pop. Rom. 1.100.14), he is cited by the name Aurelius simply. The name Charisius was not uncommon in the decline of the empire, and, when it occurs on coins, it is usua
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Grego'rius Nysse'nus, St. bishop of Nyssa, in Cappadocia, and a father of the Greek church, was the younger brother of Basil the Great. He was born at Caesareia, in Cappadocia, in or soon after A. D. 331. Though we have no express account of his education, there is no doubt that, like his brother's, it was the best that the Roman empire could furnish. Like his brother also, he formed an early friendship with Gregory Nazianzen. He did not, however, share in their religious views; but, having been appointed a reader in some church, he abandoned the office, and became a teacher of rhetoric. Gregory Nazianzen remonstrated with him on this step by letter (Epist. 43), and ultimately he became a minister of the church, being ordained by his brother Basil to the bishopric of Nyssa, a small place in Cappadocia, about A. D. 372. As a pillar of orthodoxy, he was only inferior to his brother and his friend. The Arians persecuted him; and at last, upon a frivolous accusation, drove him into bani
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Hermogenia'nus (search)
i was in high credit, from its connection with the powerful race of the Anicii (Reines, Inscr. p. 70). In Dig. 48. tit. 15. s. ult., he says that the pecuniary punishment of the Lex Fabia de Plagiariis had fallen into disuse. Now that penalty was still in existence in the reign of Diocletian and Maximilian (Cod. 9. tit. 20. s. 6), who first made kidnapping a capital offence (Cod. 9. tit. 20. s. 7). He was acquainted (Dig. 4. tit. 4. s. 7) with the constitution of Constantine, bearing date A. D. 331, by which the right of appeal from the sentences of the praefecti praetorio was abolished (Cod. Theod. 11. tit. 30. s. 16; Cod. Just. 7. tit. 62. s. 19). Jacques Godefroi, in the commencement of his Prolegomena to the Theodosian Code (vol. i. p. 193), cites several passages which make it likely that Hermogenianus survived Constantine, and wrote under the reign of his sons. Thus, in Dig. 28. tit. 1. s. 41, Dig. 39. tit. 4. s. 10, Dig. 49. tit. 14. s. 46.7, he speaks of principes and imperat
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Clau'dius Apostata (search)
Julia'nus, Fla'vius Clau'dius or Clau'dius Apostata surnamed APOSTATA, "the Apostate," Roman emperor, A. D. 361-363, was born at Constantinople on the 17th of November, A. D. 331 (332?). He was the son of Julius Constantius by his second wife, Basilina, the grandson of Constantius Chlorus by his second wife, Theodora, and the nephew of Constantine the Great. [See the Genealogical Table, Vol. I. pp. 831, 832.] Julian and his elder brother, Flavius Julius Gallus, who was the son of Julius Constantius by his first wife, Galla, were the only members of the imperial family whose lives were spared by Constantius II., the son of Constantine the Great, when, upon his accession, he ordered the massacre of all the male descendants of Constantine Chlorus and his second wife, Theodora. Both Gallus and Julian were of too tender an age to be dangerous to Constantius, who accordingly spared their lives, but had them educated in strict confinement at different places in Ionia and Bithynia, and aft
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
appointment, and nominate another in his place. According to some accounts, Macarius repented almost immediately of the nomination of Maximus to Diospolis, and readily consented to his remaining at Jerusalem, taking him for his assistant in the duties of the episcopal office, and his intended successor, fearing lest Eusebius of Caesaraea and Patrophilus of Scythopolis should procure the election of a favourer of Arianism. (Sozomen, H. E. 2.20.) On the decease of Macarius some time between A. D. 331 and 335, Maximus succeeded him, and was present at the council of Tyre, A. D. 335, when Athanasius was condemned. Sozomen records (H. E. 2.25) that at this council Paphnutius, a bishop of the Thebais or Upper Egypt, and himself a confessor, took Maximus by the hand, and told him to leave the place: "For," said he, "it does not become us, who have lost our eyes and been hamstrung for the sake of religion, to join the council of the wicked." This appeal was in vain, and Maximus was induced b
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