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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 9 9 Browse Search
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or new outbreaks took place at Alexandria, and the Meletians openly joined the Arians. (Athanas. Apolog. § 59.) Eusebius, who was still the main supporter of the Arian party, had secured its ascendancy in Syria, and caused the synod of Tyre, in A. D. 335, to depose Athanasius, and another synod held in the same year at Jerusalem, to revoke the sentence of excommunication against Arius and his friends. The attempt of Arius to re-establish himself at Alexandria failed notwithstanding, and in A. D. 336, he travelled to Constantinople to have a second interview with the emperor. he again presented his confession of faith, which was apparently orthodox. Hereupon Alexander, bishop of Constantinople, who had hitherto refused recognising Arius as a member of the orthodox church, received orders from the emperor to administer to Arius, on the Sunday following, the holy communion. When the day came, Arius accompanied by Eusebius and other friends, went in a sort of triumph through the streets o
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Athana'sius or St. Athana'sius (search)
, and declared that his motive in banishing the primate was to remove him from the machinations of his enemies. * Gibbon ascribes the sentence to reasons of policy. "The emperor was satisfied that the peace of Egypt would be secured by the absence of a popular leader; but he refused to fill the vacancy of the archiepiscopal throne; and the sentence, which, after long hesitation, he pronounced, was that of a jealous ostracism, rather than of an ignominious exile." Athanasius went to Treves (A. D. 336), where he was not only received with kindness by Maximinus, the bishop of that city, but loaded with favours by Constantine the Younger. The Alexandrians petitioned the emperor to restore their spiritual father, and Antony the hermit joined in the request; but the appeal was unsuccessful. In the year 337, Constantine died. In the following year, Athanasius was replaced in his see by Constantine II. He was received by the clergy and the people with the liveliest demonstrations of joy. Bu
Basi'lius (*Basilei/os and *Basi/lios), commonly called BASIL. 1. Bishop of ANCYRA (A. D. 336-360), originally a physician, was one of the chief leaders of the Semi-Arian party, and the founder of a sect of Arians which was named after him. He was held in high esteem by the emperor Constantius, and is praised for his piety and learning by Socrates and Sozomen. He was engaged in perpetual controversies both with the orthodox and with the ultra Arians. His chief opponent was Acacius, through whose influence Basil was deposed by the synod of Constantinople (A. D. 360), and banished to Illyricum. He wrote against his predecessor Marcellus, and a work on Virginity. His works are lost. (Hieron. de Vir. Illust. 89 ; Epiphan. Haeres. 73.1; Socrates, H. E. 2.30, 42; Sozomen, H. E. 2.43
Apollonius of Tyana. (See Lactantius, Instit. 5.2, 3, 4.) In answering this work, Eusebius reviews the life of Apollonins by Philostratus. Editions The Against Hierocles was published in Greek and Latin by F. Morell (among the works of Philostratus) at Paris, 1608, and with a new translation and notes by Olearius, Leipzig, 1709. 7. Against Marcellus Against Marcellus (kata\ *Marke/llou), bishop of Ancyra, in two books. Marcellus had been condemned for Sabellianism at Constantinople, A. D. 336, and this work was written by desire of the synod which passed sentence. Editions The most important edition is by Rettberg, Götting. 1794-8. 8. De Ecclesiastica Theologia De Ecclesiastica Theologia (peri\ th=s e)kklhsiastikh=s *Qeologi/as, tw=n pro\s *Ma/rkellon e)le)gxwn *Bi/clia g/). This is a continuation of the Against Marcellus. Editions The Against Marcellus and the De Ecclesiastica Theologia both were edited with a Latin version and notes by Montagu, bishop of Chichester,
e longer name Gregorianus must be preferred to Gregorius. (Zimmern. R. R. G. vol. 1.46. n. 35.) Burchardi (Lehrbuch des Rör. Rechts, vol. i. p. 233, Stuttgart. 1841), nevertheless, prefers the shorter form, Gregorius, and thinks that the compiler of the codex may have been the Gregorius to whom was addressed, in A. D. 290, a rescript of the emperor Diocletian (Cod. Just. i. tit. 22. s. 1), and may also have been identical with the Gregorius who was praefectus praetorio under Constantine in A. D. 336 and 337. (Cod. Theod. 3. tit. 1. s. 2, Cod. Theod. 2. tit. 1. s. 3, Cod. Just. 5. tit. 27. s. 1, Nov. 89. 100.15.) This hypothesis is consistent with the date at which the Gregorianus Codex may be supposed to have been compiled, for the latest constitution it contains is one of Diocletian and Maximinian of the year A. D. 295. Institutio Gregoriani. In the ninth volume of Savigny's Zeitschrift, p. 235-300, Klenze published, for the first time, from a manuscript of the Breviarium Alaricia
Grego'rius 1. Praefectus Praetorio, apparently in Italy, having Africa also subject to him, near the close of the reign of Constantine the Great, A. D. 336 and 337. The heresiarch Donatus wrote to him a most insolent letter, calling him " the stain of the senate," " the disgrace of the prefects," and similar names; to which abuse Gregory replied "with the patience of a bishop." (Optatus, De Schismate Donatist, 3.3. ed. Dupin; Cod. Theodos. 11. tit. 1. s. 3; 3. tit. 1. s. 2, with the note of Gothofredus ; Gothofred. Prosopog. Cod. Theodos.
to prove that Bonavem Taberniae is Boulogne-sur-mer on the coast of Picardy. The arguments are stated very fully in Lanigan's Eccle siastical History of Ireland, chapter iii. According to several of the most ancient national authorities the mission of St. Patrick commenced during the reign of Laoghaire, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (A. D. 429-458); but the book of Lecan places him under Lughaidh, a son of the former (A. D. 484-508), while the Annals of Connaught assign his birth to A. D. 336, and his captivity to A. D. 352. Mr. Petrie, in his learned dissertation on the History and Antiquities of Tara Hill, enters deeply into the investigation, and arrives at the conclusion that if we assume that there was a second Patrick in Ireland during the fifth century, and that many of the acts of the first or great St. Patrick have been falsely ascribed to his namesake and successor, then Irish as well as foreign testimonies nearly concur in the following facts: -- 1. That he was born
Paulus 5. Of CONSTANTIOPLE (1). On the death of Alexander, patriarch of Constantinople (A. D. 336), Paul, one of the presbyters of that church, and comparatively a young man, was chosen to succeed him by the Homoousian or orthodox party, while the Arians were anxious for the election of the deacon Macedonius, who sought to prevent the election of Paul by some charge of misconduct, which, however, he did not persist in. Both men appear to have been previously marked out for the succession by their respective partizans; and Alexander had, before his death, passed a judgment on their respective characters, which is given elsewhere [MACEDONIUS, No). 3.] The Hoimoousians had carried their point; buit the election was annulled by a council summoned by the emperor, either Constantine the Great, or his son Constantius II., and Paul being ejected, was banished into Pontus (Athanas. Histor. Arianor. ad Monachos, 100.7), aud Eusebius, bishop of Nicomnedeia, was appointed by the council in his r
he Propontis, and bishop of the Church there. He advocated the Arian doctrine while yet a presbyter, and was raised the episcopate by the favour of the Arian party. (Athanas. Ad Episcopos Aegypti et Libyae, 100.7, Opp. vol. i. p. 277, ed. Montfaucon.) He is mentioned by Theodoret (H. E. 1.28), as one of those who persuaded Constantine to summon the (Council of Caesareia in Palestine, which was, however, countermanded. [ATHANASIUS.] He was probably afterwards present at the Council of Tyre, A. D. 336; for he was one of the delegates sent by that Council into Egypt, to investigate the charges against Athanasius. (Theodoret. H. E. 1.30 ; Athanas. Apolog. contra Arianos, 100.13, p. 135.) He was one of those who combined to raise Macedonius to the see of Constantinople. (Socrat. H. E. 2.12.) In A. D. 342 he was one of the delegates sent to convey to the emperor Constans the Confession of Antioch. (Athanas. De Synod. 100.25 ; Socrat. H. E. 2.18.) He was one of the Eastern bishops who, in A.