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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 337 AD or search for 337 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
r better known as having been the brother of St. Gregory Theologus. He was born of Christian parents, his father (whose name was Gregory) being bishop of Nazianzus. He was carefully and religiously educated, and studied at Alexandria, where he made great progress in geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, and medicine. He afterwards embraced the medical profession, and settled at Constantinople, where he enjoyed a great reputation, and became the friend and physician of the emperor Constantius, A. D. 337-360. Upon the accession of Julian, Caesarius was tempted by the emperor to apostatize to paganism; but he refused, and chose rather to leave the court and return to his native country. After the death of Julian, he was recalled to court, and held in high esteem by the emperors Jovian, Valens, and Valentinian, by one of whom he was appointed quaestor of Bithynia. At the time of the earthquake at Nicaea, he was preserved in a very remarkable manner, upon which his brother St. Gregory took oc
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Constans I., Fla'vius Ju'lius> the youngest of the three sons of Constantine the Great and Fausta, was at an early age appointed by his father governor of Western Illyricum, Italy, and Africa, countries which he subsequently received as his portion upon the division of the empire in A. D. 337. After having successfully resisted the treachery and violence of his brother Constantine, who was slain in invading his territory, A. D. 340, Constans became master of the whole West, and being naturally indolent, weak, and profligate, abandoned himself for some years without restraint to the indulgence of the most depraved passions. While hunting in Gaul, he suddenly received intelligence that Magnentius [MAGNENTIUS] had rebelled, that the soldiers had mutinied, and that emissaries had been despatched to put him to death. Flying with all speed, he succeeded in reaching the Pyrenees, but was overtaken near the town of Helena (formerly Illiberis) by the cavalry of the usurper, and was slain, A.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Constantinus Magnus or Constantine the Great or Constantine Magnus (search)
CONSTANTI'NUS I., FLA'VIUS VALERIUS AURE'LIUS or Constantinus Magnus or Constantine the Great or Constantine Magnus surnamed MAGNUS or the Great, Roman emperor, A. D. 306-337, the eldest son of the emperor Constantius Chlorus by his first wife Helena. His descent and the principal members of his family are represented in the following genealogical table:-- Constantine was born in the month or February, A. D. 272. There are many different opinions respecting his birth-place; but it is most probable, and it is now generally believed, that he was born at Naissus, now Nissa, a well-known town in Dardania or the upper and southern part of Moesia Superior. * Stephanus Byzantinus (s. v. *Nai+sso/s calls this town *Kti/sma kai\ patri\r *Kwnstanti/nou tou= basile/ws, meaning by *Kti/sma that that town was enlarged and embellished by Constantine, which was the case. The opinion that Constantine was born in Britain is ably refuted in Schöpflin's dissertation, "Constantinus Magnus non f
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Constanti'nus Ii. Fla'vius Clau'dius surnamed the Younger, Roman emperor, A. D. 337-340, the second son of Constantine the Great, and the first whom he had by his second wife, Fausta, was born at Arelatum, now Aries, in Gaul, on the 7th of August, A. D. 312. As early as A. D. 316, he was created Caesar, together with nis elder brother, Crispus, and the younger Licinius, and he held the consulship several times. In commemoration of the fifth anniversary of his Caesarship, in 321, the orator Nazarius delivered a panegyric (Panegyr. Veter. ix.), which, however, is of little importance. In 335 he was entrusted with the administration of Gaul, Britain, and Spain. After the death of his father, 337, he received in the division of the empire between the three sons of the Great Constantine and his nephews, Dalmatius and Hannibalianus, the same provinces which he had governed under his father, and a part of Africa. Being the eldest surviving son of Constantine, he received some exterior marks
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Flavius Julius> Consta'ntius Ii. Roman emperor, A. D. 337-361, whose name is sometimes written Flavius Claudius Constantius, Flavius Valerius Constantius, and Constantinus Constantius. He was the third son of Constantine the Great, and the second whom he had by his second wife, Fausta; he was born at Sirmium in Pannonia on the 6th of August, A. D. 317, in the consulate of Ovidius Gallicanus and Septimius Bassus. He was educated with and received the same careful education as his brothers, Constantine and Con stans, was less proficient in learned pursuits and fine arts, but surpassed them in gymnastic and military exercises. He was created consul in 326, or perhaps as early as 324, and was employed by his father in the administration of the eastern provinces. At the death of his father in 337, Constantius was in Asia, and immediately hastened to Constantinople, where the garrison had already declared that none should reign but the sons of Constantine, excluding thus the nephews of the
Delma'tius 2. FLAVIUS JULIUS DELMATIUS, who was educated at Narbonne under the care of the rhetorician Exsuperius; distinguished himself by suppressing the rebellion of Calocerus in Cyprus; was appointed consul A. D. 333; two years afterwards was created Caesar by his uncle, whom he is said to have resembled strongly in disposition; upon the division of the empire received Thrace, Macedonia, together with Achaia, as his portion; and was put to death by the soldiers in A. D. 337, sharing the fate of the brothers, nephews, and chief ministers of Constantine. It must be observed that there is frequently great ditfficulty in distinguishing Delmatius the father from Delmatius the son. Many historians believe the former to have been the consul of A. D. 333, and the conqueror of Calocerus, the date of whose revolt is very uncertain. A few coins of the younger in gold, silver, and small brass, are to to be found in all large collections, and on these his name is conjoined with the title
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Hanniballia'nus (search)
r's death must have been prevented by their youth from disputing the sovereignty, were educated at Toulouse, and when they grew up to manhood their politic brother took care to gratify any ambitious longings which they might have cherished, by a liberal distribution of empty honours. Hanniballianus, in acknowledgment of his royal blood, was invested with the scarlet goldbordered robe, and received the high-sounding but as yet vague title of Nobilissimus--distinctions which he enjoyed until A. D. 337, when he was involved in the cruel massacre of all those members of the Flavian house whose existence was supposed to threaten the security of the new Augusti. It must be observed, that the three sons of Theodora are, in the Alexandrian chronicle, distinguished as Delmatius, Constantius, and Hanniballianus; but by Zonaras they are named Constantinus, Hanniballianus, and Constantius, while Theophanes expressly asserts that Hanniballianus is the same with Delmatius. The conflicting evidenc
mmenced on the 1st of March A. D. 321 (cc. 1, 2). It is chiefly occupied with the praises of Constantine, the father, who is proposed as the bright exemplar of every virtue to his sons. The circumstance that the emperor was not present (100.3, comp. 100.36), renders the grossness of the flattery somewhat less odious. With regard to the author we find two notices in the version of the Eusebian Chronicle by Jerome, the one under A. D. 315, "Nazarius insignis rhetor habetur ;" the other under A. D. 337, "Nazarii rhetoris filia in eloquentia patri coaequatur," both of which we may fairly conclude refer to the author of this oration. Ausonius also notices incidentally an "illustrious" rhetorician, Nazarius, who may be the same person. (Prof. Burdig. xiv.) The eighth piece in the above collection, styled Incerti Panegyricus Constantino Augusto dictus, from the resemblance in style as well as from an expression in the ninth (100.30), is generally believed to be also the work of Nazarius. I
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Paulus SIMPLEX (search)
No. 4], then in the zenith of his reputation. "What do you want?" said the saint. "To be made a monk," was Paul's answer. "Monks are not made of old men of sixty," was the caustic rejoinder. But the pertinacity of Paul overcame the opposition of Antony, and sustained him through the ordeal of the stern discipline by which Antony hoped to weary him. The assiduity of Paul in the exercises of an ascetic life was rewarded, according to his credulous biographer Palladius, with miraculous gifts, and "he surpassed even his master in vexing the daemons, and putting them to flight" (Sozomen). The date of Paul's retirement, and the time of his death, are not known; but an anecdote recorded in the Eccles. Graec. Monumenta of Cotelerius (vol. i. p. 351) shows that he was living at the accession of the emperor Constantius II., A. D. 337. (Palladius, Hist. Lausiac. 100.28, in the Biblioth. Patrum, fol. Paris, 1654, vol. xiii. p. 941; Sozomen, H. E. 1.13; Tillemont, Mémoires, vol. vii. p. 144, &c.
l war of Constantine and Licinius, the author passes to the history of the Arian controversy, which he traces from its rise to the banishment of Athanasius, the recal and death of Arius, and the death, soon after, of Constantine himself, A. D. 306-337 (Lib. i.). He then carries on the history of the contentions of the Arian or Eusebian and Homöousian parties during the reign of Constantius II. A. D. 337-360 (Lib. ii.). The struggle of heathenism with Christianity under Julian, and the triumph oA. D. 337-360 (Lib. ii.). The struggle of heathenism with Christianity under Julian, and the triumph of Christianity under Jovian (A. D. 360-364), then follow (Lib. iii.). The renewed struggle of the Arians and Homöousians under Valens, A. D. 364-378 (Lib. iv.) : the triumph of the Homöousian party over the Arian and Macedonian parties, in the reign of Theodosius the Great A. D. 379-395 (Lib. v.) : the contention of John Chrysostom with his opponents, and the other ecclesiastical incidents of the reign of Arcadius A. D. 395-408 (Lib. vi.) : and the contentions of Christianity with the expiring
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