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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 4 4 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM TRAIANI (search)
57; BC 1904, 341-346; and for a base which may have belonged to it, JRS 1919, 192). The reliefs (supra, 241) found within the area of the forum may have belonged to the temple, but more probably to the encircling colonnade. The forum of Trajan was probably the most impressive and magnificent group of buildings in Rome (Cassiod. Var. vii. 6; Vict. Caes. 13. 5; Paus. locc. citt.), and a vivid picture is given of the astonishment of the Emperor Constantius on the occasion of his visit to it in 356 A.D. (Amm. Marcell. xvi. 10. 15). The history of its destruction begins with the sixth century, and throughout the Middle Ages it furnished an almost inexhaustible supply of decorative material for the churches and palaces of Rome (cf. BC 1901, 300-308; DAP 2. xv. 367-368; LS passim). See Jord. i. 2.453-467; Gilb. iii. 234-237; LR 312-321; DuP 117-119; ZA 44-52; RA 113-116. For restorations, see Richter e Grifi, Ristauro del Foro Traiano, Rome 1839; Canina, Edifizi ii. pls. 111-125; D'Esp. Mon
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PALATINUS MONS (search)
stable which Carinus decorated with a fresco of a great venatio (Hist. Aug. Carin. 19. 1), nor the thermae which Maxentius erected (Chron. 148). It is clear that in the time of Constantine a considerable part of the hill was occupied by streets and private buildings (the Notitia gives 20 vici, 89 domus, 2642 (or 2742) insulae) ; and the removal of the imperial residence to Byzantium meant the beginning of the end. Constantius, it is true, was 'in Palatium receptus ' when he visited Rome in 356 A.D. (Amm. Marcell. xvi. 10. 13). We know very little about the FORUM PALATINUM (q.v.) which was given to the Roman people by Valentinian I and his colleagues in 374 A.D. The emperors of the fifth century also resided on the Palatine when in Rome-Honorius (Claudian, Sext. Cons. Hon. 35), Valentinian III (Marccll. com. ad a. 434 in Chron. Min. ii. 79, Aetius (ibid. i. 303; ii. 27, 86, 157), Livius Severus (ibid. ii. 158), as well as Odoacer and Theodoric; the latter restored the Palatine, as well
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
use of Vestals, 60: Circus Maximus, 117: Basin of Meta Sudans, 340: Arch of Janus Quadrifrons, 280: Porticus, 421: Aqua Virgo, 29. 312Castra Praetoria dismantled, 107. 315 (before). Thermae Constantinianae, 421, 525. 315-316Arch of Constantine, 36. 328Statio Aquarum restored, 313. 331(ca.). Basilica of Junius Bassus, 80. 341Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus on Janiculum destroyed, 295. 344-345Baths of Agrippa restored, 518. 352-353Equus Constantii, 201. 356Visit of Constantius: base in Comitium, 137; Pantheon, 385. 357Constantius sets up obelisk in Circus Maximus, 118, 367. 357-362Mithraeum of Tamesius, 345. 357Altar of Victory in Curia removed, 570. 358(ca.). Balnea Neratii Cerealis, 70. 360-363Julian: Temple of Juppiter Heliopolitanus on Janiculum rebuilt, 295; base in Comitium, 137; altar of Victory in Curia restored (?), 570. 363Temple of Apollo Palatinus burnt, 18. 364-378Macellum Liviae restored, 322. 365-367Valentinian
councils of Seleuceia (A. D. 359) and Constantinople (A. D. 360). According to Socrates and Sozomen, Gregory, whom the Arian party had appointed to the see of Alexandria, vacant by the expulion of Athanasius,had becomeunpopular, through the tumults and disasters to which his appointment had led; and was at the same time regarded as not zealous enough in the support of Arianism. He was therefore removed, and George was appointed by the council of Antioch (A. D. 354, or, according to Mansi, A. D. 356;) in his place. It is probable that George was appointed from his subserviency to the court, and his readiness to promote to any fiscal exactions, and his general unscrupulousness; and he was induced to accept the appointment by the hope of gain, or, as Athanasis ext presses it, "he was hired" to become bishop. Count Heraclian was sent by Constantius to gain the support of the heathen people of Alexandria to apud George's election; and he succeeded in his object, by giving them hopes of ob
ill at Gaza, and given up by the physicians, but were restored to health by the prayers (as was supposed) of St. Hilarion, who was then leading a solitary life near Gaza, and to whom Aristaeneta, a lady of eminent piety, paid a visit. The data furnished by St. Jerome enable us to fix the date of this visit to Egypt at A. D. 328; and as Helpidius had then three sons old enough to encounter the difficulties of such a journey, it is obvious that he might have been vicarius of Italy in 320. In A. D. 356 Aristaeneta visited Hilarion again, and was about to visit Antony when she was prevented by the intelligence of his death. Jerome speaks of Helpidius as praefect at this time; but if this is correct, he must have held some other praefecture before that of the East, in which he succeeded Hermogenes. Ammianus places his appointment a little before the death of the emperor Constantius II.; and from the Codex Theodosianus it appears that it took place only just before A. D. 359. Ammianus speak
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Hila'rius or Hila'rius Pictaviensis (search)
d in chronological order, are the following:-- 1. Ad Constantium Augustum Liber primus written it is believed in A. D. 355. It is a petition in which he implores the emperor to put an end to the persecutions by which the Arians sought to crush their opponents, produces several examples of their cruelty, and urges with great force, in respectful language, theright of the Catholics to enjoy toleration. 2. Commentarius (s. Tractatus) in Evangelium Matthaei, written before his exile, in A. D. 356, and divided into twenty-three canones or sections. The preface, which is quoted by Cassianus (De Incarn. 7.24), is wanting. This is the ancient of the extant expositions of the first evangelist by any of the Latin fathers, and is repeatedly quoted by Jerome and Augustin. From the resemblance which it bears in tone and spirit to the exegetical writings of Origen, it may very probably have been derived from some of his works. 3. De Synodis s. De Fide Orientalium s. De Synodis Graeciae, o
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Clau'dius Apostata (search)
ichton," Betrachtungen ├╝ber den Abfall Julian's;" and by others. Other lost works of Julian are: *Peri\ tw=n triw=n sxhma/twn; *Peri\ tou= po/qen ta\ kaka\ kata\ tou\s a)paideu/toud; *Ta\ kalou/mena *Kpo/nia; Memoirs on his Campaigns in Germany; his Journal, in which he used to write down the events of every day; and others, especially many letters. Julian composed his works in the following chronological order:--The Encomia on Constantius; the Encomium on the Empress Eusebia, not before A. D. 356; the Letter to Sallustius, in A. D. 360; the Letter to the Senate and the People of Athens, in A. D. 360; the Letter to Themistius, and the Oration on Helius, in 361; the *Kai/sares, in the winter of 361-362, or perhaps in the following year; most of his extant Letters during the same period; one of his Orations on false Cynicism, and that on the Mother of Gods, as well as a Letter on the restoration of ancient Hellenism, of which a fragment is extant, in 362; the Misopogon in the beginni