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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 3 3 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, AUGUSTUS, DIVUS, TEMPLUM (search)
of 248 (CIL iii. p. 900, No. lvii.), and it is not mentioned in the Regionary Catalogue. We are told of one painting in the temple, that of Hyacinthus by Nicias of Athens, which was placed there by Tiberius (Plin. NH xxxv. 131). Everywhere in Latin literature this temple is called templum Augusti or divi Augusti, except in Martial (iv. 53. 2) and Suetonius (Tib. 74), where it is templum novum, a name which was evidently given to the building at once, for it occurs in the Acta Arvalia from 36 A.D. on (CIL vi. 32346, 10; 2041, 5; 2042a, 28; 2051, 14), as well as the variant templum divi Augusti novum (2028e, 12; 2044c, 5; 32345; also vi. 8704). Once we find templum divi Augusti et divae Augustae (vi. 4222). In 69 A.D. an aedes Caesarum was struck by lightning (Suet. Galba I: tacta de caelo Caesarum aede capita omnibus simul statuis deciderunt, Augusti etiam sceptrum e manibus excussum est), and may perhaps be identified with this temple of Augustus (HJ 80). In connection with the temp
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CIRCUS MAXIMUS (search)
to be inferred from Ovid (Ars Am. i. 103-104: tunc neque marmoreo pendebant vela theatro nec fuerant liquido pulpita rubra croco; cf. Calp. Ecl. 7. 69-aet. Neronis). Augustus is said to have assigned separate seats to the senators and knights (Cass. Dio lv. 22. 4), but apparently not in any fixed section, for Claudius did this for the senators (Cass. Dio lx. 7. 3-4; Suet. Claud. 21), and Nero for the knights (Suet. Nero II; Tac. Ann. xv. 32; Plin. HN viii. 21; cf. Calp. Ecl. 7. 26-29). In 36 A.D. part of the circus on the Aventine side was burned (Tac. Ann. vi. 45; Cass. Dio lviii. 26. 5). This is called pars circi inter ultores in a fragmentary chronicle of Ostia (BC 1916, 211-212), where ultores probably refers to certain di ultores whose shrines were in this part of the circus. The reading' inter vitores' (basketmakers) is preferable (Eranos, 1926, 86-88). The damage was probably repaired at once, for Caligula celebrated the ludi circenses, evidently with considerable pomp (Suet
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
, 40. Arches of Drusus and Germanicus in Forum of Augustus, 39, 220. 21Theatre of Pompey burnt and restored, 516. 22-23Castra Praetoria built, 106. 22Basilica Aernilia again restored, 73. Ara Pietatis Augustae vowed, 390. (?) Facade of Career, 100. 23(after). Arch dedicated to Drusus the Younger, 39. 27Tiberius restores Caelian after fire, 62, 89. 28Senate dedicates altar to the Amicitia of Tiberius, 5. Altar to the Clementia of Tiberius, 121. 34Part of Cloaca Maxima rebuilt, 127. 36Part of Circus Maximus burnt and repaired, 116. 36-37Cippi of Aqua Virgo, 29. 37-41Reign of Caligula: he builds Temple of Isis (?), 284; begins an amphitheatre near Saepta, 5, 29; Gaianum, 246; Circus Gai et Neronis, 113: and erects obelisk on spina, 370; completes and dedicates Temple of Augustus, 62; extends Domus Tiberiana 192, and builds bridge to Capitol, 399 (cf. 193) 38Aqua Claudia begun, 22. Anio Novus begun, 11. District called Aemiliana
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agrippa, Vibule'nus a Roman knight, who took poison in the senate house at the time of his trial, A. D. 36; he had brought the poison with him in a ring. (Tac. Ann. 6.40; Dion. Cass. 58.21.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Artabanus III. (search)
e Iberians accordingly entered Armenia, and after bribing the servants of Arsaces, the son of Artabanus, to put him to death, they subdued the country. Orodes, another son of Artabanus, was sent against them, but was entirely defeated by Pharasmanes; and soon afterwards Artabanus was obliged to leave his kingdom, and to fly for refuge to the Hyrcanians and Carmanians. Hereupon Vitellius, the governor of Syria, crossed the Euphrates, and placed Tiridates on the throne. In the following year (A. D. 36) some of the Parthian nobles, jealous of the power of Abdageses, the chief minister of Tiridates, recalled Artabanus, who in his turn compelled Tiridates to fly into Syria. (Tac. Ann. 6.31-37, 41-44; D. C. 58.26; J. AJ 18.5.4.) When Tiberius received news of these events, he commanded Vitellius to conclude a peace with Artabanus (J. AJ 18.5.5), although Artabanus, according to Suetonius (Suet. Tib. 100.66), sent a letter to Tiberius upbraiding him with his crimes, and advising him to satisf
ger. B. The second or younger Branch, The second or younger branch, at first at Edessa, and sometimes identical with the " Reges Osrhoenenses," afterwards in Armenia Magna. B. C. 38. Arsham or Ardsham, the Artabazes of Josephus. (Ant. Jud. 20.2.)--B. C. 10. Manu, his son.--B. C. 5. Abgarus, the son of Arsham, the Ushama of the Syrians. This is the celebrated Abgarus who is said to have written a letter to our Saviour. (Moses Chor. 2.29.) A. D. 32. Anane or Ananus, the son of Abgarus. --A. D. 36. Sanadrug or Sanatruces, the son of a sister of Abgares, usurps the throne.--A. D. 58. Erowant, an Arsacid by the female line, usurps the throne; conquers all Armenia; cedes Edessa and Mesopotamia to the Romans.--A. D. 78. Ardashes or Artaxes III. (Exedares or Axidares), the son of Sanadrug, established by Vologeses I., king of the Parthians.--A. D. 120. Ardawazt or Artavasdes IV., son of Ardashes III., reigns only some months.-- A. D. 121. Diran or Tiranus I., his brother.--A. D. 142. Dikr
et. Cal. 10; Tac. Annal. 6.20.) But his savage and voluptuous character was nevertheless seen through by Tiberius. About the same time he married Junia Claudilla (Claudia), the daughter of M. Silanus, an event which Dio Cassius (58.25) assigns to the year A. D. 35. Soon afterwards he obtained the quaestorship, and on the death of his brother Drusus was made augur in his stead, having been created pontiff two years before. (D. C. 58.8; Suet. (Cal. 12.) After the death of his wife, in March A. D. 36, Caligula began seriously to think in what manner he might secure the succession to himself, of which Tiberius had held out hopes to him, without however deciding anything. (D. C. 58.23 ; Tac. Annal. 6.45, &c.) In order to ensure his success, he seduced Ennia Naevia, the wife of Macro, who had then the command of the praetorian cohorts. He promised to marry her if He should succeed to the throne, and contrived to gain the consent and co-operation of Macro also, who according to some account
lba, a son of No. 11, and father of the emperor Galba. He was consul in A. D. 22, with D. Haterius Agrippa. He was humpbacked, and an orator of moderate power. He was married to Mummia Achaica, a great granddaughter of Mummius, the destroyer of Corinth. After her death he married Livia Ocellina, a wealthy and beautiful woman. By his former wife he had two sons, Caius and Servius. The former of them is said by Suetonius (Galb. 3) to have made away with himself, because Tiberius would not allow him to enter on his proconsulship ; but as it is not known that he ever was consul, it is more probable that Suetonius is mistaken, and that what he relates of the son Caius applies to his father, C. Sulpicius Galba, who, according to Tacitus (Tac. Ann. 6.40), put an end to himself in A. D. 36. [L.S] To which of the preceding P. Galbae the following coin belongs is doubtful. It has on the obverse a female head, and on the reverse a culter, a simpuvium, and a secespita, with P. GALB. AED. CUR.
Hieron 4. One of the chief satraps or governors among the Parthians, though, from his name, evidently of Greek origin, at the time when Tiridates, supported by Tiberius and the Roman influence, invaded Parthia, A. D. 36. After wavering for some time between the two rivals, Hieron declared in favour of Artabanus, and was mainly instrumental in re-establishing him upon the throne. (Tac. Ann. 6.42, 43.) [E.H.B]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Le'pida, Aemi'lia 4. The daughter of M. Aemilius Lepidus, consul A. D. 6 [LEPIDUS, No. 23], was married to Drusus, the son of Germanicus and Agrippina. [DRUSUS, No. 18.] She was a woman of abandoned character, and frequently made charges against her husband, doubtless with the view of pleasing Tiberius, who hated Drusus. During the lifetime of her father, who was always highly esteemed by Tiberius, she could do much as she pleased; but after she had lost this powerful protection, by his death, in A. D. 33, she was accused in A. D. 36 of having had adulterous intercourse with a slave; and as she could not deny the charge, she put an end to her life. (Tac. Ann. 6.40.)
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