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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 7 7 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 372 AD or search for 372 AD in all documents.

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Ammo'nius the MONK, flourished A. D. 372. He was one of the Four Great Brothers (so called from their height), disciples of Pambo, the monk of Mt. Nitria (Vitae Patrum, 2.23; Pallad. Hist. Laus. 100.12, ed. Rosweyd. p. 543.) He knew the Bible by heart, and carefully studied Didymus, Origen, and the other ecclesiastical authors. In A. D. 339-341 he accompanied St. Athanasius to Rome. In A. D. 371-3, Peter II. succeeded the latter, and when he fled to Rome from his Arian persecutors, Ammonius retired from Canopus into Palestine. He witnessed the cruelties of the Saracens against the monks of Mount Sinai A. D. 377, and received intelligence of the sufferings of others near the Red Sea. On his return to Egypt, he took up his abode at Memphis, and described these distresses in a book which he wrote in Egyptian. This being found at Naucratis by a priest, named John, was by him translated into Greek, and in that form is extant, in Christi Martyrum Electi triumphi (p. 88, ed. Combefis, 8vo.,
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
) An event soon afterwards occurred, which threatened the rupture of their friendship. Basil, as metropolitan of Cappadocia, erected a new see at the small, poor, unpleasant, and unhealthy town of Sasima, and conferred the bishopric on Gregory, A. D. 372. The true motive of Basil seems to have been to strengthen his authority as metropolitan, by placing the person on whom he could most rely as a sort of outpost against Anthimus, the bishop of Tyana; for Sasima was very near Tyana, and was actuaory only consented upon the condition that he should be at liberty to lay down the office at his father's death. On this occasion he delivered the discourse (Orat. viii.) entitled, Ad Patrem, quum Nazianazenae ecclesiae curam filio commisisset, A. D. 372. To the following year are generally assigned his discourse De plaga grandinis, on the occasion of a hailstorm which had ravaged the country round Nazianzus (Orat. xv.), and that Ad Nazianzenos, timore Trepidantes, et Praefectum iratum (Orat. x
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Roman empire could furnish. Like his brother also, he formed an early friendship with Gregory Nazianzen. He did not, however, share in their religious views; but, having been appointed a reader in some church, he abandoned the office, and became a teacher of rhetoric. Gregory Nazianzen remonstrated with him on this step by letter (Epist. 43), and ultimately he became a minister of the church, being ordained by his brother Basil to the bishopric of Nyssa, a small place in Cappadocia, about A. D. 372. As a pillar of orthodoxy, he was only inferior to his brother and his friend. The Arians persecuted him; and at last, upon a frivolous accusation, drove him into banishment, A. D. 375, from which, on the death of Valens, he was recalled by Gratian, A. D. 378. In the following year he was present at the synod of Antioch; and after visiting his dying sister, Macrina, in Pontus [BASILIUS], he went into Arabia, having been commissioned by the synod of Antioch to inspect the churches of that c
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'sius I. (search)
of these campaigns is recorded by Ammianus Marcellinus (27.8, 28.3). Claudian leads us to infer that Theodosius also pursued the enemies of Rome on the stormy seas of the North; and the Orkneys and Thule were stained with the blood of the Picts and the Saxons. (In Quart. Cons. Honor. 31, &c.) Theodosius, on his return from Britain A. D. 370, was rewarded for his services with the rank of master-general of the cavalry, and being stationed on the Upper Danube, he defeated the Alemanni. In A. D. 372, Firmus, a Moor, the son of Nabal or Nubal, the most powerful of the Moorish princes who professed obedience to the sovereignty of Rome, revolted against the Roman authority; and the natives, who were exasperated at the tyranny of Count Romanus, the governor of A frica, joined the standard of Firmus. The Moorish chieftain plundered Caesarea, on the site of the modern Algiers, and made himself master of Mauritania and Numidia ; and he is said to have assumed the title of king. Romanus being
he lost his only son. When the youth was taken ill, the emperor who had entertained a design of banishing Basilius, bishop of Caesarea, applied to him for his help, and the bishop promised that the boy should recover, if the emperor would allow him to be baptized by Catholic priests : "but Valens caused him to be baptized by Arians, and the child immediately died." It was about this time also that Valens divided Cappadocia into two provinces, and made Tyana the capital of the second. In A. D. 372 Modestus, the Praefect, and Arinthaeus were consuls. Arinthaeus, who was a man of extraordinary stature, and of perfect form, of great courage and superior military skill, had been employed both by Julian and Jovian, and he had served Valens well in the war against Procopius. On the 13th of April, Valens was at Antioch in Syria, whither he had gone to conduct the war against Sapor king of Persia. Sapor had made a treaty with Jovian, in which it seems that Armenia was comprehended. However
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
me to the service of the church, and had entered the clerical body before the commencement of his reign; but as to others, they were liable to discharge all civil duties like any layman. These and other constitutions of the first half of A. D. 371 were promulgated at Trèves, the favourite residence of Valentinian, which he left for a short time to conduct operations against the Germans in the neighbourhood of Mainz. He was again at Trèves in December, and he appears to have passed the year A. D. 372 there or in the neighbourhood. The emperor did nothing this year that is recorded, except to promulgate a constitution against the Manichaeans, who were always treated with great severity. The year A. D. 373 was the fourth joint consulship of the two Augusti, Valentinian and Valens, and Valentinian spent a great part of this year in Italy. Maximinus was made Praefectus (of Gaul, as Tillemont shows), and this brought about the ruin of Remigius, once Magister Officiorum, who had been a par