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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 10 10 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 376 AD or search for 376 AD in all documents.

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Alathe'us called ODOTHAEUS by Claudian, became with Saphrax, in A. D. 376, on the death of Vithimir, the guardian of Vithericus, the young king of the Greuthungi, the chief tribe of the Ostrogoths. Alatheus and Saphrax led their people across the Danube in this year, and uniting their forces with those of the Visigoths under Fritigern, took part against the Romans in the battle of Hadrianople, A. D. 378, in which the emperor Valens was defeated and killed. After plundering the surrounding country, Alatheus and Saphrax eventually recrossed the Danube, but appeared again on its banks in 386, with the intention of invading the Roman provinces again. They were, however, repulsed, and Alatheus was slain. (Amm. Marc. 31.3, &c.; Jornand. de Reb. Get. 26, 27; Claudian, de IV Cons. Honor. 626; Zosimus, 4.39.)
Hespe'rius son of the poet Ausonius by his wife Attusia Lucana Sabina. We have no data for fixing the year of his birth. He lost his mother while he was young; but his education was carefully superintended by his father, who wrote "Fasti," for the use of his son, and inscribed to him his metrical catalogue of the Caesars. Hesperius received, probably from the emperor Gratian, who was his father's pupil, the proconsulship of Africa, which he held A. D. 376, and perhaps later. He was one of the persons appointed to inquire into the malpractices of Count Romanus and his accomplices, and executed the task with equity, in conjunction with Flavianus, vicarius of the province. [FLAVIANUS, No. 5.] He afterwards held the praetorian praefecture in conjunction (as we judge from some expressions of Ausonius) with his father. Valesius thinks they were joint praefecti praetorio Galliarum; Gothofred, that they were joint P. P. of the whole western empire (comprehending the praefectures of Gaul, Ita
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Juvena'lis, St. a physician at Carthage in the 4th century after Christ, who was also in priest's orders. He afterwards left Africa, and went to Rome, where he was consecrated bishop of Narnia in Umbria, May 3, A. D. 369. He converted many of the people to Christianity, and is said to have performed several miracles, both during his life, and also by his relics after his death, which took place Aug. 7, A. D. 376. His epitaph is preserved, and also a rhyming Latin hymn, which used to be sung in his honour by the church of Narnia, on the day on which his memory was observed, viz. May 3. (Acta Sanctor. May, vol. i. p. 376 Surius, de Probatis Sanctor. Histor. vol. vii. p. 361; Bzovius, Nomencl. Sanc. Profess. Medicor.) [W.A.G]
Pauli'nus 7. Of PELLA or POENITENS, the PENITENT. A full account of the author may be gathered from his poem Eucharisticon de Vita Sua, which is in hexameters, not, as has been incorrectly stated, in elegiac verse. He was the son of Hesperius, proconsul of Africa, who was the son of the poet Ausonius. [AUSONIUS>; HESPERIUS.] He was born in A. D. 376, at Pella in Macedonia; and after being at Carthage, where he remained a year and a half during his father's proconsulship, he was taken at three years of age to Bourdeaux, where he appears to have been ediucated. An illness at the age of fifteen interrupted his studies, and the indulgence of his parents allowed him to pursue a life of ease and pleasure, in the midst of which, however, he kept up a regard to appearances. At the age of twenty he married a lady of ancient family, and of some property. At thirty he lost his father, whose death was followed by a dispute between Paulinus and his brother, who wished to invalidate his father's w
Avianius Symmachus, who flourished about the middle of the fourth century, and is described by Ammianus Marcellinus (27.3.3), as worthy of being ranked among the brightest models of learning and virtue. From an inscription formerly preserved in the Capitol, and now in the vestibule of the Vatican Library, we learn that he enjoyed at various periods the dignities of praefect of the city (A. D. 364), an office in which he was the successor of Apronianus (Amm. Marc. l.c.), of consul (suffect. A. D. 376 ?), of propraefect of the praetorium at Rome and propraefect of the neighbouring provinces, of praefectus annonae, of pontifex major, and of quindecemvir S. F. In A. D. 360, he was despatched on an embassy to the emperor Constantius, at that time in the East (Amm. Marc. 21.12.24), and at different periods executed various diplomatic missions, to the entire satisfaction of the nobility. As a tribute to his wisdom, influence, and eloquence, he was usually called upon to deliver his opinion f
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'sius I. (search)
ed a narrative. Firmus had the cunning and treachery of Jugurtha, and Theodosius displayed all the talents of Metellus, in his negotiations with the Moor, and in pursuit of him through a country which presented unexpected difficulties to regular troops. Firmus at last fled to Igmazen, king of the Isaflenses, a people of whose position Ammianus gives no indication. Igmazen was summoned to surrender Firmus, and after having felt the Roman power, and the consequences of refusal, he determined to give him up. Firmus escaped by a voluntary death. He first made himself drunk, and while his guards were asleep, hanged himself by a rope, which he fixed to a nail in the wall. The dead body was given up to Theodosius, who led his troops back to Sitifis. In the reign of Valens, A. D. 376, Theodosius was beheaded at Carthage. The cause of his execution is unknown. (Gibbon, Decline and Fall, vol. 4.100.25; Tillemont, Histoire des Empereurs, vol. v., where all the authorities are referred to.) [G.L]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'sius or Theodo'sius the Great (search)
uca in Gallicia. His panegyrists derive his descent from Trajan, but this lofty lineage seems not to have been discovered until Theodosius was invested with the imperial purple. Theodosius received a good education; and he learned the art of war under his own father, whom he accompanied in his British campaigns. During his father's lifetime he was raised to the rank of Duke (dux) of Moesia, where he defeated the Sarmatians (A. D. 374), and saved the province. On the death of his father (A. D. 376), he retired before court intrigues to his native country, where he cultivated his own lands, which probably lay near his native place between Segovia and Valladolid. At this the he was already married to a Spanish woman, Aelia Flacilla or Placilla, who is sometimes called Placidia, by whom he became the father of Arcadius, Honorius, and a daughter Pulcheria. From this peaceful retirement he was called in the thirty-third year of his age to receive the imperial purple. Valens, the colleagu
t to death, which is not credible. He also assigns this as the cause of the death of Theodosiolus or Theodosius, a grandee of Spain, and it seems that he must mean Theodosius, the father of the emperor Theodosius, who was executed at Carthage, A. D. 376. However, many persons were executed who had dealt in magic ; Maximus, once the teacher of the emperor Julian, Simonides, Hilarius and others. Books of magic were diligently sought after, and all that could be found were burnt. Chrysostom, then the administration, and allowing his ministers to enrich themselves by unjust means. Ammianus (30.4) has a chapter on these matters. The pretext for these odious inquisitions was the vague charge of treason against the emperor. The events of A. D. 376 were unimportant. Valens was consul for the fifth time with Valentinianus, junior, who with his elder brother Gratianus had succeeded their father Valentinianus I., who died at the close of A. D. 375. Valens was preparing for war against the Pe
Vindicia'nus an eminent Christian physician in the fourth century after Christ, tutor to Theodorus Priscianus (Theod. Prise. Rer. Med. iv. praef. p. 81, ed. Argent.), who attained the rank of Comes Archiatrorum (see Dict. of Ant. s. x. Archiater), and was physician to the Emperor Valentinian, A. D. 364-375. He was also proconsul in Africa, and in this capacity crowned St. Augustine in a rhetorical contest (Aug. Conf. 4.3.5), probably A. D. 376. It was perhaps this incident which gave Vindicianus an interest in the young man's welfare, for St. Augustine says that he tried to divert him from the study of astrology and divination, to which he was at that time addicted. (Ibid. and 7.6.8.) St. Augustine gives him a high character, calling him "an acute old man," "a wise man, very skilful and renowned in physic," and in another place (Epist. 138.3) " the great physician of our times." Works Short Latin Hexameter Poem There is attributed to him a short Latin hexameter poem, consisting