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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 11 11 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 5 5 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Oldport days, with ten heliotype illustrations from views taken in Newport, R. I., expressly for this work. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 38 AD or search for 38 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Antiochus the Great (search)
Anti'ochus Iii. or Antiochus the Great (*)Anti/oxos), king of COMMAGENE, seems to have succeeded Mithridates II. We know nothing more of him than that he died in A. D. 17. (Tac. Ann. 2.42.) Upon his death, Commagene became a Roman province (Tac. Ann. 2.56), and remained so till A. D. 38, when Antiochus Epiphanes was appointed king by Caligul
Anti'pater (*)Anti/patros), of THESSALONICA. Works Epigrams The author of several epigrams in the Greek Anthology, lived, as we may infer from some of his epigrams, in the latter part of the reign of Augustus (B. C. 10 and onwards), and perhaps till the reign of Caligula. (A. D. 38.) He is probably the same poet who is called, in the titles of several epigrams, " Antipater Macedo." Further Information Jacobs, Anthol. xiii. pp. 848, 849.[P.
y which Tiberius was accustomed to call him, was meant to express both his loquacity and his boastful character. He is spoken of as the most active of grammarians, and the surname mo/xqos which he bore, according to Suidas, is usually explained as describing the zeal and labour witll which he prosecuted his studies. In the reign of Caligula he travelled about in Greece, and was received everywhere with the highest honours as the great interpreter of Homer. (Senec. l.c.) About the same time, A. D. 38, the inhabitants of Alexandria raised complaints against the Jews residing, in their city, and endeavonred to curtail their rights and privileges. They sent an embassy to the emperor Caligula, which was headed by Apion, for He was a skilful speaker and known to entertain great hatred of the Jews. The latter also sent an embassy, which was headed by Philo. In this transaction Apion appears to have overstepped the limits of his commission, for he not only brought forward the complaints of his
Aspre'nas 3. P. Nonius Asprenas, consul, A. D. 38. (D. C. 59.9; Frontinus, de Aquaeduct. 100.13.)
or according to Dio Cassius (59.23), MILONIA CAESONIA, was at first the mistress and afterwards the wife of the emperor Caligula. She was neither handsome nor young when Caligula fell in love with her; but she was a woman of the greatest licentiousness, and, at the time when her intimacy with Caligula began, she was already mother of three daughters by another man. Caligula was then married to Lollia Paullina, whom however he divorced in order to marry Caesonia, who was with child by him, A. D. 38. According to Suetonius (Suet. Cal. 25) Caligula married her on the same day that she was delivered of a daughter (Julia Drusilla); whereas, according to Dio Cassius, this daughter was born one month after the marriage. Caesonia contrived to preserve the attachment of her imperial husband down to the end of his life (Suet. Cal. 33, 38; Dion. Cass. 59.28); but she is said to have effected this by love-potions, which she gave him to drink, and to which some persons attributed the unsettled st
Cotys 6. A king of a portion of Thrace, and perhaps one of the sons of No. 5. (See Tac. Ann. 2.67.) In A. D. 38, Caligula gave the whole of Thrace to Rhoemetalces, son of Rhescuporis, and put Cotys in possession of Armenia Minor. In A. D. 47, when Claudius wished to place Mithridates on the throne of Armenia, Cotys endeavoured to obtain it for himself, and had succeeded in attaching some of the nobles to his cause, but was compelled by the commands of the emperor to desist. (D. C. 59.12; Tac. Ann. 11.9.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
aefect of Syria, to punish this aggression. Antipas himself is said by Josephus (18.7.2) to have been of a quiet and indolent disposition, and destitute of ambition; but he followed the example of his father in the foundation of a city on the lake of Gennesareth, to which he gave the name of Tiberias; besides which, he fortified and adorned with splendid buildings the previously existing cities of Sepphoris and Betharamphtha, and called the latter Julia in honour of the wife of Augustus. In A. D. 38, after the death of Tiberius and accession of Caligula, Herod Antipas was induced to undertake a journey to Rome, to solicit from Caligula in person the title of king, which had just been bestowed upon his nephew, Herod Agrippa. To this step he was instigated by the jealousy and ambition of his wife Herodias; but it proved fatal to him. Agrippa, who was high in the favour of the Roman emperor, made use of all his influence to oppose the elevation of his uncle, whom he even accused of entert
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Julia'nus, M. Aqui'llius was consul in A. D. 38, the second year of the reign of Donitian. (D. C. 59.9; Frontin. de Aquaed. 13. [L.S]
Octavius 24. C. Octavius Laenas, curator of the aquaeducts in Rome, in the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula from A. D. 34 to A. D. 38. (Frontin. Aquaed. § 102.
ntus. She was the daughter of Pythodorus of Tralles, the friend of Pompey : and became the wife of Polemon I. king of Pontus, and the Bosporus. After the death of Polemon she retained possession of Colchis as well as of Pontus itself, though the kingdom of Bosporus was wrested from her power. She subsequently married Archelaus, king of Cappadocia, but after his death (A. D. 17) returned to her own kingdom, of which she continued to administer the affairs herself until her decease, which probably did not take place until A. D. 38. She is said by her contemporary Strabo to have been a woman of virtuous character, and of great capacity for business, so that her dominions flourished much under her rule. Of her two sons, the one, Zenon, became king of Armenia, while the other, Polemon, after assisting her in the administration of her kingdom during her life, succeeded her on the throne of Pontus. (Strab. xi. p.499, xii. pp. 555, 556, 557, 560, xiv. p. 649 ; Eckhel, vol. ii. p. 370.) [E.H.B]
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