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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 23 23 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 15. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ANIO NOVUS (search)
kes formed by Nero for the adornment of his villa at Subiaco-the Simbruina stagna of Tac. Ann. xiv. 22 (NS 1883, 19; 1884, 425; Giovannoni, Monas teri di Subiaco i. 273 sqq.), thus lengthening the aqueduct to 58 miles 700 paces. The length of 62 miles given to the original aqueduct in the inscription of Claudius on the PORTA MAIOR (q.v.) must be an error for 52; for an unsuccessful attempt to explain it otherwise see Mel. 1906, 311-318. We have a record of repairs to it in an inscription of 381 A.D., but it is uncertain what part of it is meant (CIL vi. 3865 = 31945). Its volume at the intake was 4,738 quinariae, or 196,627 cubic metres in 24 hours. Its course outside the city cannot be described here (see references below). From its piscina (or filtering tank) near the seventh milestone of the via Latina it was carried on the lofty arches of the aqua Claudia, in a channel immediately superposed on the latter; and it was the highest in level of all the aqueducts that came into the cit
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
ase in Comitium, 137; altar of Victory in Curia restored (?), 570. 363Temple of Apollo Palatinus burnt, 18. 364-378Macellum Liviae restored, 322. 365-367Valentinian I restores Pons Aurelius, 399. 367Porticus of the Dei Consentes rebuilt, 421. 370Pons Cestius rebuilt as Pons Gratianus, 399. 370(ca.). Pantheon used for civil purposes, 385, n. 3. 374(ca.). Forum Palatinum, 229. Porticus Boni Eventus, 420. 379-383Arcus Gratiani Valentiniani et Theodosii, 40. 380Porticus Maximae, 423. 381Anio Novus repaired, 12. 382Altar of Victory in Curia again removed, 570. Mansiones Saliorum Palatinorum restored, 326. 384-387Pons Probi rebuilt, 401. Valentinian and Valens set up statues in Thermae Antoninianae, 521. 395-423Reign of Honorius: Quadriga for victory over Gildo (398 A.D.), 145; Pompey's Theatre restored, 517. 403Monument for victory at Pollentia, 145. Aurelian walls restored, 349; gates, 403, 404, 407, 409, 412. 404Last gladiatorial combats in Amphit
d in a monastery near Antioch, and, for his active defence of the Church against Arianism, was made Bishop of Berrhoea, A. D. 378, by St. Eusebius of Samosata. While a priest, he (with Paul, another priest) wrote to St. Epiphanius a letter, in consequence of which the latter composed his Panarium. (A. D. 374-6). This letter is prefixed to the work. In A. D. 377-8, he was sent to Rome to confute Apollinaris before Pope St. Damasus. He was present at the Oecumenical Council of Constantinople A. D. 381, and on the death of St. Meletius took part in Flavian's ordination to the See of Antioch, by whom he was afterwards sent to the Pope in order to heal the schism between the churches of the West and Antioch. Afterwards, he took part in the persecution against St. Chrysostom (Socrates, Hist. Eccl. 6.18), and again compromised himself by ordaining as successor to Flavian, Porphyrius, a man unworthy of the episcopate. He defended the heretic Nestorius against St. Cyril, though not himself pre
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or St. Chryso'stomus (search)
is given in proportion to our own wish to receive it. Libanius taught him eloquence, and said, that he should have desired to see him his successor in his school, if the Christians had not stolen him. Before his ordination, he retired first to a monastery near Antioch, and afterwards to a solitary cavern, where he committed the whole of the Bible to memory. In this cavern he so injured his health that he was obliged to return to Antioch, where he was ordained deacon by the bishop Meletius, A. D. 381, who had previously baptized him, and afterwards presbyter by Flavianus, successor to Meletius, A. D. 386. At Antioch his success as a preacher was so great, that on the death of Nectarius, archbishop of Constantinople, he was chosen to succeed him by Eutropius, minister to the emperor Arcadius, and the selection was readily ratified by the clergy and people of the imperial city, A. D. 397. The minister who appointed him was a eunuch of infamous profligacy, and Chrysostom was very soon obl
wrote several works, which shewed that he was a man of extensive acquirements. When Meletius, the bishop of Antioch, was sent into exile in the reign of the emperor Valens, Diodorus too had to suffer for a time; but he continued to exert himself in what he thought the good cause, and frequently preached to his flock in the open fields in the neighbourhood of Antioch. In A. D. 378 Meletius was allowed to return to his see, and one of his first acts was to make Diodorus bishop of Tarsus. In A. D. 381 Diodorus attended the council of Constantinople, at which the general superintendence of the Eastern churches was entrusted to him and Pelagius of Laodiceia. (Socrat. 5.8.) How long he held his bishopric, and in what year he died, are questions which cannot be answered with certainty, though his death appears to have occurred previous to A. D. 394, in which year his successor, Phalereus, was present at a council at Constantinople. Diodorus was a man of great learning (Facund. 4.2); but som
s, which afterwards became universal in the church. Flavian was ordained priest by Meletius, who was elected bishop of Antioch, A. D. 361, and held the see, with three intervals of exile, chiefly occasioned by his opposition to Arianism, till A. D. 381. His first expulsion, which was soon after his election, induced Flavian and others to withdraw from the communion of the church, over which Euzoius, an Arian, had been appointed. The seceders still recognised the deposed prelate; and the churcment, and agree to recognise the survivor of the present claimants. Flavian was one of the parties to this agreement: but many of the Eustathians refused to sanction it; so that when Meletius died, while attending the Council of Constantinople, A. D. 381, Flavian, who was also attending the Council, and was elected to succeed him, with the general approval of the Asiatic churches, felt himself at liberty to accept the appointment. The imputation of perjury, to which Flavian thus subjected him
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Geo'rgius ARISTINUS (search)
Geo'rgius ARISTINUS 6. ARISTINUS, an historian. Joseph, bishop of Modon (who flourished about A. D. 1440), in his defence of the council of Florence, in reply to Mark of Ephesus, cites Georgius Aristinus as an authority for the statement, that the addition of he words "filioque" to the Nicene creed had been made shortly after the second oecumenical council (that of Constantinople. A. D. 381 ), in the time of Pope Damasus. (Allatius. Diatrib. de Gorg. apud Fabr. Bibl. Gr. vol. xii. p. 21.)
, and purify himself by penitence or penance. Gerontius, instead of obeying, went to Constantinople, and being a man of winning address, made friends at the court there, and obtained by their means the bishoprick of Nicomedeia, to which he was ordained by Helladius, bishop of Caesareia in Cappadocia, for whose son he had, by his interest, procured a high military appointment at court. Ambrose, hearing of his appointment, wrote to Nectarius, bishop of Constantinople (who held that see front A. D. 381 to 397) to depose Gerontius, and so prevent the continuance of so glaring a violation of all ecclesiastical order. Nectarius, however, could effect nothing; but when Chrysostom, two years after his accession to the patriarchate, visited the Asiatic part of his province (A. D. 399), Gerontius was deposed. The people of Nicomedeia, to whom his kindness and attention, shown alike to rich and poor, and the benefits of his medical skill, for which he was eminent, had endeared him, refused to ac
Hella'dius 4. Bishop of Caesareia, in Cappadocia, succeeded his master, Basil the Great, in that see. A. D. 378, and was present at the two councils of Constantinople in A. D. 381 and 394. Works Life of St. Basil His life of St. Basil is quoted by Damascenus (Orat. de Imag. i. p. 327), but the genuineness of the work is doubtful. Further Information Sozom. H. E. 8.6; Tillemont, Mém. Eccles. vol. ix. p. 589; Cave, Hist. Lit. s. a. 378; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ix. p. 293
ted of adultery; but in reality to gratify Constantius, who was irritated against him, and perhaps also because he would not adopt their views. Though expelled from Constantinople he was not disposed to remain quiet, but sought to unite himself more closely with the semi-Arians, in opposition to the Acacians. [ACACIUS, No. 3.] He appears to have resided in the neighbourhood of Constantinople till his death, of the date of which there is no account. Facundus asserts that he was summoned in A. D. 381 before the second oecumenical, or first council of Constantinople, at which his obnoxious tenets respecting the Holy Spirit were condemned; but this is probably a mistake, and it appears likely that he did not long survive his deposition. Macedonius is known chiefly as the leader of a sect which took its name front him. The term "Macedonians " (oi( *Makedonianoi/) is applied somewhat indeterminately in the ancient ecclesiastical writers. Its first application was to the less heterodox di
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