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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 18 18 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
cusations for the government. In the following year, A. D. 27, he is again mentioned by Tacitus as the accuser of Varus Quintilius, the son of Claudia Pulchra. (Ann. 4.66.) In consequence of the accusation of Claudia Pulchra, and of some offence which he had given to Caligula, he was accused by the emperor in the senate, but by concealing his own skill in speaking, and pretending to be overpowered by the eloquence of Caligula, he not only escaped the danger, but was made consul suffectus in A. D. 39. (D. C. 59.19, 20.) In his old age Afer lost much of his reputation by continuing to speak in public, when his powers were exhausted. (Quint. Inst. 12.11.3; Tac. Ann. 4.52.) He died in the reign of Nero, A. D. 60 (Tac. Ann. 14.19), in consequence of a surfeit, according to Hieronymus in the Chronicon of Eusebius. Quintilian, when a young man, heard Domitius Afer (comp. Plin. Ep 2.14), and frequently speaks of him as the most distinguished orator of his age. He says that Domitius Afer and
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
intercourse with M. Aemilius Lepidus, the husband of her sister Drusilla, banished her to the island of Pontia, which was situated opposite the bay of Caieta, off the coast of Italy. Her sister Drusilla was likewise banished to Pontia, and it seems that their exile was connected with the punishment of Lepidus, who was put to death for having conspired against the emperor. Previously to her exile, Agrippina was compelled by her brother to carry to Rome the ashes of Lepidus. This happened in A. D. 39. Agrippina and her sister were released in A. D. 41, by their uncle, Claudius, immediately after his accession, although his wife, Messalina, was the mortal enemy of Agrippina. Messalina was put to death by order of Claudius in A. D. 48; and in the following year, A. D. 49, Agrippina succeeded in marrying the emperor. Claudius was her uncle, but her marriage was legalized by a senatuseonsultum, by which the marriage of a man with his brother's daughter was declared valid; this senatusconsul
served under Germanicus, and is mentioned as one of the Roman generals in the campaign of A. D. 15. On account of his services in this war he obtained the honour of the triumphal ornaments. (Tac. Ann. 1.29, 56, 72.) He was in Rome in the following year, A. D. 16 (2.32); and four years afterwards (A. D. 20), he succeeded Camillus, as proconsul, in the government of Africa. He carried on the war against Tacfarinas, and enforced military discipline with great severity. (3.21.) Hewas subsequently the propraetor of lower Germany, when the Frisii revolted, and seems to have lost his life in the war against them. (4.73, compared with 11.19.) Apronius had two daughters: one of whom was married to Plautius Silvanus, and was murdered by her husband (4.22); the other was married to Lentulus Gaetulicus, consul in A. D. 26. (6.30.) He had a son, L. Apronius Caesianus, who accompanied his father to Africa in A. D. 20 (3.21), and who was consul for six months with Caligula in A. D. 39. (D. C. 59.13.)
Cerea'lis or CERIA'LIS, ANI'CIUS, was consul designatus in A. D. 65, and proposed in the senate, after the detection of Piso's conspiracy, that a temple should be built to Nero as quickly as possible at the public expense. (Tac. Ann. 15.74.) In the following year, he, in common with several other noble Romans, fell under Nero's suspicions, was condemned, and anticipated his fate by putting himself to death. He was but little pitied, for it was remembered that he had betrayed the conspiracy of Lepidus and Lentulus. (A. D. 39.) The alleged ground of his condemnation was a mention of him as an enemy to the emperor in a paper left by Mella, who had been condemned a little before; but the paper was generally believed to be a forgery. (Tac. Ann. 16.17.) [P.S]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
e praetorship as early as the reign of Tiberius, and after the expiration of this office was commissioned by Tiberius and afterwards by Caligula to superintend the improvement of the high-roads in Italy, which the carelessness of the magistrates had allowed to fall into decay. While engaged upon this undertaking he committed acts of cruelty and extortion, probably in compliance with commands which he received from Caligula, who rewarded his proceedings with the honour of consul suffectus in A. D. 39. In the reign of Claudius, however, he was taken to account for these proceedings, and those who had been injured by him were indemnified as far as was possible. In 47, however, Corbulo obtained the command of an army in Germany, and fought with great success against the Chuaci under their leader Gennascus. He maintained excellent discipline among his troops, and acted with great caution and courage. His success excited either the fear or jealousy of Claudius, for he was commanded to lead
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
of Augustus, through whose influence he obtained the consulship. She also left him a considerable legacy, of which, however, he was deprived by Tiberius. He was invested with the curule offices before attaining the legitimate age. After his praetorship, in A. D. 20, he had the administration of the province of Aquitania. In A. D. 33 he was raised to the consulship on the recommendation of Livia Drusilla, and after this he distinguished himself in the administration of the province of Gaul, A. D. 39, where he carried on a successful war against the Germans, and restored discipline among the troops. The Germans had invaded Gaul, but after severe losses they were compelled by Galba to return to their own country. On the death of Caligula many of his friends urged him on to take possession of the imperial throne, but he preferred living in a private station, and Claudius, the successor of Caligula, felt so grateful to him for this moderation, that he received him into his suite, and showe
t of Constantinople, the emperor John II. Palaelogus, the princes Constantine (afterwards emperor) and Theodore Palaeologus, brothers of John, and the great duke Luke Notaras, son-in-law of John. He corresponded with persons of eminence in Italy, including Franciscus Philelphus (who was intimate with George during his stay at Constantinople), Mark Lipomanus, and Ambrose the Camaldolite. Many of his letters to these persons are extant in MS. but without date or place of writing. In A. D. 1438-39, George, who held the post of chief judge of the palace, attended the emperor John at the councils of Ferrara and Florence. It is probable that he had been originally unfavourable to the project of uniting the Greek and Latin Churches, which formed the business of these councils; but his opinions were either changed or overruled by the emperor, who was anxious for the union; and though a layman, he was allowed to speak at the council in favour of the project. (Labbe, Concil. vol. xiii. col. 47
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
which had just been bestowed upon his nephew, Herod Agrippa. To this step he was instigated by the jealousy and ambition of his wife Herodias; but it proved fatal to him. Agrippa, who was high in the favour of the Roman emperor, made use of all his influence to oppose the elevation of his uncle, whom he even accused of entertaining a treasonable correspondence with the Parthians. On this charge Antipas was deprived of his dominions, which were given to Agrippa, and sent into exile at Lyons (A. D. 39); from hence he was subsequently removed to Spain, where he ended his days in banishlment. Herodias, as she had been the cause of his disgrace, became the partner of his exile. (J. AJ 17.9, 11, 18.2, 5, 7, B. J. 2.2, 6, 9.) It was Herod Antipas who imprisoned and put to death John the Baptist, who had reproached him with his unlawful connection with Herodias. (Matt. 14.3; Mark, 6.17-28; Luke, 3.19.) It was before him, also, that Christ was sent by Pontius Pilate at Jerusalem, as belonging
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Joannes EUGENICUS (search)
Joannes EUGENICUS 60. EUGENICUS (*Eu)geniko/s) was deacon and nomophylax of the great church at Constantinople, and brother to the celebrated Marcus or Mark Eugenicus, archbishop of Ephesus, one of the leaders of the Greeks at the councils of Ferrara and Florence (A. D. 1438-39). [EUGENICUS, M.] Joannes also attended the council, and embraced the same side as his brother. He attempted to leave Italy during its session, but was brought back. Works Published works He wrote: 1. An iambic poem of 25 lines, *Ei)s ei)ko/na tou= mega/lou *Xrudodto/mou, In imaginem magni Chrysostomi. 2. An iambic tetrastich, *Ei)spanagia/rion, In Panagiarium. 3. *Proqewri/a, Praefatio, i. e. to the Aethiopica of Heliodorus. [HELIODORUS IV., Romance Writer.] Editions These three pieces were published by Bandini (Catalog. Codd. Laur. Medic. vol. iii. col. 322, &c.) Works extant in MS. Several other works of Joannes Eugenicus are extant in MS., especially his Antirrheticum adversus Synodum Florenti
of the relations and connections of Sejanus whom Tiberius did not put to death; and Tacitus is disposed to believe the report, that Lentulus sent to the emperor to assure him of his allegiance, as long as he was allowed to retain the command of the army, but intimating that he would raise the standard of revolt, if he were deprived of his province. Tiberius thought it more prudent to leave him alone; but Caligula, thinking his influence with the soldiers too dangerous, put hint to death in A. D. 39, apparently without exciting any commotion. Lentulus was succeeded in the command of the army in Upper Germany by Galba, who was subsequently emperor. (Vell. 2.116; Tac. Ann. 4.42, 46, 6.30 ; D. C. 59.22; Suet. Galb. 6, Claud. 9) Lentulus Gaetulicus was an historian and a poet. Of his historical writings, which are quoted by Suetonius (Calig. 8), no fragments even are extant; and of his poems we have only three lines, which appear to have belonged to an astronomical poem, and which are pr
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