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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 12 12 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
the Son of God by a contemptuous treatment of the young Arcadius. (Fleury's Eccl. Hist. 18.100.27.) This same year he called a council at Side in Pamphylia, and condemned the Massalian heretics, who made the whole of religion consist in prayer. (Theodt. Haeret. Fab. 4.11.) In A. D. 394 he was at the Councii of Constantinople [see AMMON of Hadrianople], which confirmed Bagadius in the see of Bostra. This is the last we hear of him. He died before the persecution of St. Chrysostom, probably A. D. 395, and he is commemorated on Nov. 23rd. St. Gregory Nazianzen states, that " by prayers, adoration of the Trinity, and sacrifices, he subdued the pain of diseases." (Carm. ad Vital. vol. ii. pp. 1030, 5.244.) The 9th, 25-28th, 62nd, 171st, and 184th Epistles of St. Gregory are addressed to him. Editions His remains (in Greek) have been edited by Combefis, with those of Methodius of Patara and Andreas of Crete, fol. Par. 1644. Works Eight Homilies Of Eight Homilies ascribed to him,
Epicte'tus (*)Epi/kthtos), a physician mentioned by Symmachus (Epist. 10.47), who attained to the title and dignity of Archiater in the time of Theodosius the Great, A. D. 379-395. [W.A.
Eudo'xia 1. The daughter of the Frank Bauto, married to the emperor Arcadius, A. D. 395, by whom she had four daughters, Flacilla or Flaccilla or Falcilla, Pulcheria, Arcadia, and Marina, and one son, Theodosius II. or the younger. She was a woman of high spirit, and exercised great influence over her husband: to her persuasion his giving up of the eunuch Eutropius into the power of his enemies may be ascribed. She was involved in a fierce contest with Chrysostom, who fearlessly inveighed against the avarice and luxury of the court, and scrupled not to attack the empress herself. The particulars of the struggle are given elsewhere. [CHRYSOSTOMUS, JOANNES.] She died of a miscarriage in the sixth consulship of Honorius, A. D. 404, or, according to Theophanes, A. D. 406. The date of her death is carefully discussed by Tillemont. (Histoire des Empereurs, vol. v. p. 785.) Cedrenus narrates some curious particulars of her death, but their credibility is very doubtful. (Philostorgius, Hist.
Helico'nius (*(Elikw/nios), a Byzantine writer, lived in the fourth century, and did not die before A. D. 395, since it was down to this year that his work extended. This work was a chronicle from Adam to Theodosius the Great, divided into ten books. (Suidas, s. v. *(Elikw/n; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xi. p 633.) [W.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Marcellus Empi'ricus was born at Burdigala (Bordeaux) in the fourth century after Christ. He is said to have held the office of " magister officiorum" under Theodosius the Great, A. D. 379-395, and to have lost this post under his successor Arcadius. He was a Christian, but it seems doubtful whether he was really a physician, though he is sometimes called "Archiater." Works De Medicamentis Empiricis, Physicis ac Rationabilibus He is the author of a pharmaceutical work in Latin, De Medicamentis Empiricis, Physicis ac Rationabilibus, which he says in the preface he compiled for the use of his sons. It is of little value, and contains many charms and superstitious absurdities, as might have been anticipated when he tells us, that he inserted in the work not only the medicines approved of by physicians, but also those recommended by the common people (agrestes et plebeii). Further Information It was first published in 1536, fol. Basil., and is inserted in the collection of medica
Pappus (*Pa/ppos), of Alexandria, the name of one of the later Greek geometers, of whom we know absolutely nothing, beside his works, except the fact that Suidas states him to have lived under Theodosius (A. D. 379-395). From an epigram of the second century, or a little later, in which one Pappus is lauded, Reiske thought that this must be the geometer, who ought, therefore, to be placed in the latter half of the second century. And Harless remarks, in confirmation, that of all the authors named by Pappus, no one is known to have flourished later than the second century. This is but poor evidence, and, on the other hand, the authority of Suidas is by no means of the first order on a point of chronology. We may, therefore, look to other sources of probability, and the only one we can find at all to the purpose is as follows. Pappus has left a short comment upon a portion of the fifth book of Ptolemy's Syntaxis: or rather of the comment which Suidas states him to have written upon f
ced in the temple of Athena Polias (Andeutungen, p. 84, Amalthea, vol. ii. p. 314); but there can be no doubt that it stood in the open air, between the Propvlaea and the Parthenon, as it is represented on the coin mentioned below. It was between fifty and sixty feet high. with the pedestal; and the point of the spear and the crest of the helmet were visible as far off as Sunium to ships approaching Athens. (Strab. vi. p.278; Paus. 1.28.2; comp. Hdt. 5.77.) It was still standing as late as A. D. 395, when it was seen by Alaric. (Zosiius, 5.6.) It represented the goddess holding up both her spear and shield, in the attitude of a combatant. (Ibid.) The entire completion of the ornamental work upon this statue was long delayed, if we are to believe the statement, that the shield was engraved by Mys, after the design of Parrhasius. (See IMs, PARRHASIUS: the matter is very doubtful, but, considering the vast number of great works of art on which Pheidias and his fellow-artists were engaged
eneral impression of his writings is that of a man who has thought much and seen much, from a position at the highest quarters of information. Procopius is the principal historian for the eventful reign of Justinian. Works Among the works of Procopius the most important is :-- 1. *(Istori/ai (Historia *(Istori/ai, in 8 books; viz., two On the Persian War, containing the period from A. D. 408-553, and treating more fully of the author's own times; two On the War with the Vandals, from A. D. 395-545; four On the Gothic War, or properly speaking, only three books, the fourth (eighth) being a sort of supplement containing various matters, and going down to the beginning of A. D. 553. It was continued by Agathias till 559. The work is extremely interesting; the descriptions of the habits, &c. of the barbarians are faithful and masterly done. Photius gives an analysis of the first two books, and Agathias, the continuator of Procopius, gives an analysis of all the eight books, in the p
0-364), then follow (Lib. iii.). The renewed struggle of the Arians and Homöousians under Valens, A. D. 364-378 (Lib. iv.) : the triumph of the Homöousian party over the Arian and Macedonian parties, in the reign of Theodosius the Great A. D. 379-395 (Lib. v.) : the contention of John Chrysostom with his opponents, and the other ecclesiastical incidents of the reign of Arcadius A. D. 395-408 (Lib. vi.) : and the contentions of Christianity with the expiring remains of heathenism, the NestorianA. D. 395-408 (Lib. vi.) : and the contentions of Christianity with the expiring remains of heathenism, the Nestorian controversy, and the council of Ephesus, with other events of the reign of the younger Theodosius, A. D. 408 to 439, in which latter year the history closes, occupy the remainder of the work. This division of the work into seven books, according to the reigns of the successive emperors, was made by Socrates himself (Comp. 2.1). In the first two books he followed, in his first edition, the ecclesiastical history of Rufinus; but this part, as already mentioned, he had to write for his second edi
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Theodo'sius or Theodo'sius the Great (search)
attle, and blew full in the face of the troops of Eugenius, contributed to their discomfiture and the victory of Theodosius. The head of Eugenius was separated from his body, while he was suing for mercy at the feet of his conqueror; and Arbogastes, after wandering in the mountains, terminated his fortunes by his own sword. Theodosius received the submission of the west, and, at the intercession of Ambrosius, used his victory with moderation. Theodosius died on the seventeenth of January A. D. 395, four months after the defeat of Eugenius, whether, as some say, in consequence of the fatigues of war, or, as others, in consequence of intemperate habits, it is not possible to decide. The two sons, Arcadius and Honorius, had already been elevated to the rank of Augusti, and it was arranged that the empire should be divided between them. Honorius was not in the war against Eugenius, but he came to Milan before his father died, and received from him the gift of the empire of the west. The
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