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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 8 8 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 4 4 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. You can also browse the collection for 399 AD or search for 399 AD in all documents.

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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, BASILICA AEMILIA BASILICA PAULI (search)
more steps led to the forum level. The shrine of VENUS CLOACINA (q.v.) was built at the foot of the steps, not far from the north-west end. The steps on the south-east side have recently been exposed at one point, which has rendered it possible to determine the length of the building. At the beginning of the fifth century A.D. the wooden roofs of the nave and aisles were set on fire (perhaps in 410, when Alaric captured Rome) and numerous coins, from the time of Constantine to the end of the fourth century, were found on the marble pavement. Above the stratum of ashes is a layer, about 1 metre thick, of earth mixed with fragments of architecture, statues, bricks, pottery, etc.; and upon this stratum has fallen the brick wall which replaced the back wall of the tabernae after its destruction by fire. From this it is clear that the nave of the basilica was abandoned after the fire (from which, as the fragments show, the africano columns suffered especially) and was to a certain extent
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CLIVUS PULLIUS (search)
CLIVUS PULLIUS a street running south from the Subura across the western end of the Oppius to the Fagutal (Sol. i. 26; Varro, LL v. 158), passing the point now occupied by the church of S. Pietro in Vincoli. An inscription of the end of the fourth century (CIL vi. 31893; BC 1891, 354-355) was found here which mentioned the clivumpullenses, and until the end of the sixteenth century the line of the street was marked by the church of S. Giovanni in Carapullo or in clivo Plumbeo (HJ 257; BC 1907, 180; HCh 271).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IOHANNES ET PAULUS, DOMUS (search)
s who suffered martyrdom under Julian) were murdered, situated on the Caelian just south-west of the porticus Claudia, in the present Via di SS. Giovanni e Paolo (perhaps the CLIVUS SCAURI, q.v.), under the church of that name. The excavations show a private dwelling of the second century, enlarged and rebuilt in the third and fourth, in which, probably in the second half of the third century, a titulus was instituted (titulus Byzantis), while Pammachius founded the basilica at the end of the fourth century. The enlargement consisted for the most part in connecting two houses that had been separated by a narrow street. Upwards of thirty rooms have been opened up, among them a cavaedium, with five rows of three rooms each on the south side, bathrooms, storerooms and stairways. The discovery of an interesting Pagan painting with a marine scene in 1909 may be noticed. The house had three stories, traces of which are visible, and an arcade in front, with two rows of windows above. The fac
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, MACELLUM MAGNUM (search)
AGNUM the market house on the Caelian (Not. Reg. II; CIL vi. 1648, 9183) which Nero built and dedicated in 59 A.D. (Cass. Dio lxii. 18), perhaps on the site of the present church of S. Stefano Rotondo. It is represented on coins of the period (Cohen, Nero 126-130; BM. Nero 191-197, 335-337) as a circular building of two stories, with a central tholos or domed structure surrounded by colonnades. This is generally thought to have been destroyed at some later date and rebuilt at the end of the fourth century for public use, perhaps again as a market. Lugli (ZA 147) follows Profumo's idea (Incendio Neroniano, 673-694) that the original circular building was the famous coenatio rotunda of the DOMUS AUREA (q.v.); but this has nothing to recommend it. Rivoira (RA 79-81) was unable to see anything above ground that showed the remotest indication of work of the time of Nero. It was transformed into the church of S. Stefano by Pope Simplicius (468-482); and restored with various changes by T