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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
C. Suetonius Tranquillus, The Lives of the Caesars (ed. Alexander Thomson) 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 9, 1861., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: January 16, 1863., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 40 AD or search for 40 AD in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Agrippi'na Ii. 2. the daughter of Germanicus and Agrippina the elder, daughter of M. Vipsanius Agrippa. She was born between A. D. 13 and 17, at the Oppidum Ubiorum, afterwards called in honour of her Colonia Agrippina, now Cologne, land then the head-quarters of the legions commanded by her father. In A. D. 28, she married Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus, a man not unlike her, and whom she lost in A. D. 40. After his death she married Crispus Passienus, who died some years afterwards; and she was accused of having poisoned him, either for the purpose of obtaining his great fortune, or for some secret motive of much higher importance. She was already known for her scandalous conduct, for her most perfidious intrigues, and for an unbounded ambition. She was accused of having committed incest with her own brother, the emperor Caius Caligula, who under the pretext of having discovered that she had lived in an adulterous intercourse with M. Aemilius Lepidus, the husband of her sister Drusilla, b
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Bassus, Betilie'nus occurs on a coin, from which we learn that he was a triumvir monetalis in the reign of Augustus. (Eckhel, v. p. 150.) Seneca speaks (de Ira, 3.18) of a Betilienus Bassus who was put to death in the reign of Caligula ; and it is supposed that he may be the same as the Betillinus Cassius, who, Dio Cassius says (59.25), was executed by command of Caligula, A. D. 40.
lace, to accept the presents that were brought him by crowds of people. Things like these gradually engendered in him a love of money itself without any view to the ends it is to serve, and he is said to have sometimes taken a delight in rolling himself in heaps of gold. After Italy and Rome were exhausted by his extortions, his love of money and his avarice compelled him to seek other resources. He turned his eyes to Gaul, and under the pretence of a war against the Germans, he marched, in A. D. 40, with an army to Gaul to extort money from the wealthy inhabitants of that country. Executions were as frequent here as they had been before in Italy. Lentulus Gaetulicus and Aemilius Lepidus were accused of having formed a conspiracy and were put to death, and the two sisters of Caligula were sent into exile as guilty of adultery and accomplices of the conspiracy. Ptolemaeus, the son of king Juba, was exiled merely on account of his riches, and was afterwards put to death. It would be endl
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Gallus, A. Di'dius was curator aquarum in the reign of Caligula, A. D. 40. In the reign of Claudius, A. D. 50, he commanded a Roman army in Bosporus, and subsequently he was appointed by the same emperor to succeed Ostonus in Britain, where, however, he confined himself to protecting what the Romans had gained before, for he was then at an advanced age, and governed his province through his legates. In his earlier years he seems to have been a man of great ambition, and of some eminence as an orator. (Frontin. de Aquaed. 102; Tac. Ann. 12.15, 40, 14.29, Agric. 14 ; Quint. Inst. 6.3.68.) [L.S]
cess; but, leaving to his brothers the dangerous honours in Nero's reign of the state and the forum, he adhered to a life of privacy. His first occupation was that of steward to his father's estates in Spain; and through his brother L. Seneca's influence with Nero, he afterwards held the office of procurator or agent to the imperial demesnes. Mela married Acilia, daughter of Acilius Lucans of Corduba, a provincial lawyer of some note. By Acilia he had at least one son, the celebrated Lucan, A. D. 40. [LUCANUS.] After Lucan's death, A. D. 65, Mela laid claim to his property; and the suit arising from this claim proved ultimately his own destruction. Fahius Romanus. who opposed him, had been his son's intimate friend, and was thought to have inserted among the papers of the deceased forged letters involving Mela in at least a knowledge of Piso's conspiracy, A. D. 65. (Tac. Ann. 15.48, &c.) Mela was rich, Nero was needy and rapacious, and the former anticipated a certain sentence by suici
undertook an embassy to Rome, in order to procure the revocation of the decree which exacted even from the Jews divine homage for the statue of the emperor, and to ward off further persecutions. The embassy arrived at Rome in the winter of A. D. 39-40, after the termination of the war against the Germans, and was still there when the prefect of Syria, Petronius, received orders, which were given probably in the spring of A. D. 40, to set up the colossal statue of Caligula in the temple at JerusaA. D. 40, to set up the colossal statue of Caligula in the temple at Jerusalem. Philon speaks of himself as the oldest of the ambassadors (Phil. de Congressu, p. 530, de Leg. Spec. lib. ii. p. 299, de Legat. pp. 572, 598; comp. J. AJ 18.8.1). How little the embassy accomplished its object, is proved not only by the command above referred to, but also by the anger of the emperor at the request of the mildly-disposed Petronius, that the execution of the command might be deferred till the harvest was over (see the letter of Petronius in Phil. p. 583). Nothing but the deat
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or the elder Plinius or Plinius the elder (search)
biography we are in some degree compensated by the valuable account which his nephew has left us of his habits of life. He came to Rome while still young, and being descended from a family of wealth and distinction, he had the means at his disposal for availing himself of the instruction of the best teachers to be found in the imperial city. In one passage of his work (9.58) he speaks of the enormous quantity of jewellery which he had seen worn by Lollia Paulina. That must have been before A. D. 40, in which year Caligula married Cesonia. It does not appear necessary to suppose that at that early age Pliny had already been introduced at the court of Caligula. The strange animals exhibited by the emperors and wealthy Romans in spectacles and combats, seem early to have attracted his attention (comp. H. N. 9.5). He was for some time on the coast of Africa, though in what capacity, or at what period, we are not informed (H. N. 7.3). At the age of about 23 he went to Germany, where he ser
e standard of the Numidian Tacfarinas, who carried on a predatory warfare against the Romans. But in A. D. 24 Tacfarinas himself was defeated and killed by P. Dolabella, and Ptolemny himself rendered such efficient assistance to the Roman general in his campaign, that an embassy was sent to reward him, after the ancient fashion, with the presents of a toga picta and sceptre, as a sign of the friendship of the Roman people. (Tac. Ann. 4.23-26.) He continued to reign without interruption till A. D. 40, when he was summoned to Rome by Caligula, and shortly after put to death, his great riches having excited the cupidity of the emperor. (D. C. 59.25; Suet. Cal. 26; Senec. de Tranquil. 11.) We learn nothing from history of his character; but from the circumstance that a statue was erected in his honour by the Athenians (Stuart's Antiq. of Athens, vol. iii. p. 55; Visconti, Iconographie Grecque, vol. iii. p. 275), we may probably infer that he inherited something of his father's taste for li
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Publi'cola, Ge'llius 5. L. Gellius Publicola, one of the consules suffecti in the reign of Caligula, A. D. 40 (Fasti). (For an account of the Gellii see Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. ii. pp. 64-67.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Quintilia'nus, M. Fa'bius the most celebrated of Roman rhetoricians, was a native of Calagurris (Calahorra), in the upper valley of the Ebro. He was born about A. D. 40, and if not reared at Rome, must at least have completed his education there, for he himself informs us (5.7.7) that, while yet a very young man, He attended the lectures of Domitius Afer, at that time far advanced in life, and that He witnessed the decline of his powers (5.7.7, 10.1. ยงยง 11, 24, 36, 12.11.3). Now we know from other sources that Domitius Afer died in A. D. 59 (Tac. Ann. 14.19 ; Frontin. de Aquaed. 102). Having revisited Spain, He returned from thence (A. D. 68) in the train of Galba, and forthwith began to practise at the bar (7.2), where he acquired considerable reputation. But he was chiefly distinguished as a teacher of eloquence, bearing away the palm in this department from all his rivals, and associating his name even to a proverb, with pre-eminence in the art. Among his pupils were numbered Pliny
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