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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 15 15 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 5 5 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Oedipus at Colonus 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 400 AD or search for 400 AD in all documents.

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Ammon (*)/Ammwn), 1. Bishop of Hadrianople, A. D. 400, wrote (in Greek) On the Resurrection against Origenism (not extant). A fragment of Ammon, from this work possibly, may be found ap. S. Cyril. Alex. Lib. de Recta Fide. (Vol. v. pt. 2, ad fin. p. 50, ed. Paris. 1638.) He was present at the Council of Constantinople A. D. 394, held on occasion of the dedication of Rutinus's church, near Chalcedon. (Soz. Hist. Eccl. viii . 8. 3; Mansi, Concilia. vol. iii. p. 851
Amimo'nius (*)Ammw/nios), a Greek POET, who lived in the reign of the emperor Theodosius II. He wrote an epic poem on the insurrection of the Goths under Gainas (A. D. 400), which he called *Gaini/a, and is said to have read in A. D. 438 to the emperor, who received it with great approbation. (Socrat. Hist. Eccles. 6.6; Nicephor. 12.6.) Who this Ammonius was, and whether the lines quoted in the Etymologicum Magnum (s.v. *Mi/nantos) from one Ammonius, and the two epigrams in the Anthologia Graeca (3.3, p. 841, ed. Jacobs), which bear the same name, belong to him, is uncertain. [L.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
is so scrupulous in referring to his authorities, that we are led to conclude, since he makes no mention of Diomedes, that the latter was the borrower. Comminianus is known to have flourished after Donatus and before Servius [COMMINIANUS], therefore Charisius, being mentioned by Priscian, must belong to some period between the middle of the fourth and the end of the fifth centuries. Osann, who has investigated this question with great care, decides that he ought to be placed about the year A. D. 400, in which case he probably enjoyed the advantage of consulting the great libraries of the metropolis, before they were pillaged by the Goths. We gather from his own words that he was a native of Campania, in religion a Christian, by profession a grammarian, following his occupation at Rome. Editions The Editio Princeps of Charisius was published by J. Pierius Cyminius, a pupil of Janus Parrhasius, who first discovered the work, at Naples, fol. 1532; the second, superintended by G. Fabri
Constanti'nus of ANTIOCH, also called Constantius, was a presbyter at the metropolitan church of Antioch, lived about A. D. 400, and was destined to succeed bishop Flavianus, Porphyrius, however, who wished to obtain that see, intrigued at the court of Constantinople, and succeeded in obtaining an order from the emperor Arcadius for the banishment of Constantine. With the aid of some friends, Constantine escaped to Cyprus, where he seems to have remained during the rest of his life. He survived St. Chrysostom, who died in A. D. 407. Constantine edited the Commentary of St. Chrysostom on the Epistle to the Hebrews, consisting of thirty-four homilies, arranged by the editor. Among the Epistles of St. Chrysostom, two, viz. Ep. 221 and 225, are addressed to Constantine, who is perhaps the author of two other Epistles commonly attributed to St. Chrysostom, viz. Ep. 237 and 238. (Cave, Hist. Lit. ii. p. 135, ad an. 404.) [W.P]
when their influence was most widely extended, dissensions arose within their own body; and about one-fourth of the whole party, separating from the sect under the denomination of Maximianists, arrogated to themselves, exclusively, the prerogatives claimed by the larger faction, and hurled perdition against all who denied or doubted their infallibility. Further Information Our chief authorities for all that concerns the Donatists are the works of Optatus Milevitanus and Augustin. In the edition of the former, published by the learned and industrious Dut Pin, will be found a valuable appendix of ancient documents relating to this controversy, together with a condensed view of its rise and progress, while the most important passages in the writings of Augustin have been collected by Tillemont, in that portion of his Ecclesiastical Memoirs (vol. vi.) devoted to this subject. For the series of Imperial Laws against the Donatists from A. D. 400 to 428, see Cod. Theod. xvi. tit. 5. [W.R]
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Euse'bius or Euse'bius Scholasticus (search)
Euse'bius or Euse'bius Scholasticus surnamed SCHOLASTICUS, a Greek historian who lived about A. D. 400, for he is said to have been an eye-witness of the war of the Romans against Gainas, king of the Gotlls. He was a follower of Troilus, and wrote the history of the Gothic war, in hexameter verse, in four books. His work is said to have been very popular at the time, but has not come down to us. (Socrat. H. E. 6.6; Niceph. H. E. 13.6.) [L.S]
Faustus an African bishop of the Manichaeans, who, according to St. Augustin, was a man of great natural shrewdness and persuasive eloquence, but altogether destitute of cultivation or learning. Works An Attack upon the Catholic Faith He published about A. D. 400 an attack upon the Catholic faith, a work known to us from the elaborate reply by the bishop of Hippo, Contra Faustum Manichaeum, extending to thirty-five books, arranged in such a manner that the arguments of the heretic are first stated in his own words, and then confuted. (See vol. viii. of the Benedictine edition of St. Augustine.) [W.R]
Hadria'nus or ADRIANUS. We learn fiom the Codex Theodosianus that a person of this name held the office of Magister Officiorum in the reign of Honorius, A. D. 397 and 399 (Cod. Theod. 6. tit. 26.11; tit. 27.11). He appears to have been praefectus praetorio Italiae, A. D. 400-405 (Cod. Theod. 7. tit. 18.11 to 14; 8. tit. 2.5. tit. 5.65; 16. tit. 2.35. tit. 6.45). After an interval in which the praefecture passed into other hands we find it again held by an Hadrianus, apparently the same person as the former praefect of the name, A. D. 413-416 (Cod. Theod. 7. tit. 4.33. tit. 13.21; 15. tit. 14.13). The first of the five Epistolae of Claudian is inscribed Deprecatio ad Hadrianum Prefuectum Praetorio: but it is not known on what authority this title rests. The poet deprecates the anger of some grandee whom he had in some moment of irritation in his youth offended by some invective. Another of Claudian's poems (Epigr. xxviii. ed Burman, xxx. in some other ed.) bears the inscription De Th
s the leaning of Joannes to Origenism, justifying the ordination of Paulinian, and solemnly warning Joannes against that heresy. The letter appears among the Epistolae of Jerome (No. 60 in the older editions, No. 110 in the edit. of Martianay, No. 51 in the edition of Vallarsi). Joannes did not reply to Epiphanius, but addressed an apologetic letter to Theophilus, patriarch of Alexandria, who, with considerable difficulty, effected a reconciliation between Joannes and Jerome, perhaps about A. D. 400. Rufinus had in this quarrel been the supporter of Joannes, who afterwards requited his services by writing to Pope Anastasius in his behalf, when Rufinus, then in Italy, was accused of heresy. The reply of Anastasius is given in the Concilia (vol. ii. col. 1194, ed. Labbe, vol. iii. col. 943, ed. Mansi). Whether Joannes really cherished opinions at variance with the orthodoxy of that time, or only exercised toward those who held them a forbearance and liberality which drew suspicion on
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Leo Thrax (search)
Fla'vius> Leo I. or Leo the Great or Leo Thrax surnamed the GREAT, and THRAX, emperor of Constantinople (A. D. 457-474), was of barbarian origin, and was born about A. D. 400, in the country of the Bessi, in Thrace, whence he received the surname of" the Thracian." At the death of the emperor Marcian (457) he was an obscure tribunus militurn, and held the command of Selymbria. The powerful patrician, Aspar, despairing to seize the crown without creating a civil and religious war, which might have proved his downfall, resolved upon remaining in power by proclaiming emperor a man whom he thought equally weak and obedient; and he consequently contrived the election of Leo, who was recognised by the senate on the 7th of February, 457. Leo was crowned by Anatolius, patriarch of Constantinople; and this is the first instance of a Christian sovereign having received his crown from the hands of a priest, a ceremony which was afterwards adopted by all other Christian princes, and from which t
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